鏁欒偛閮ㄥ叧浜庛€婁腑鍗庝汉姘戝叡鍜屽浗鏁欏笀娉曪紙淇鑽夋锛夛紙寰佹眰鎰忚绋匡級銆嬪叕寮€寰佹眰鎰忚鐨勫叕鍛?

鏁欒偛閮ㄥ叧浜庛€婁腑鍗庝汉姘戝叡鍜屽浗鏁欏笀娉曪紙淇鑽夋锛夛紙寰佹眰鎰忚绋匡級銆嬪叕寮€寰佹眰鎰忚鐨勫叕鍛?/b>

2021-11-29鈥冩潵婧愶細鏁欒偛閮?/b>

涓鸿疮褰昏惤瀹炰範杩戝钩鎬讳功璁板叧浜庢暀鑲茬殑閲嶈璁鸿堪鐗瑰埆鏄叧浜庢暀甯堥槦浼嶅缓璁剧殑閲嶈鎸囩ず鎵圭ず绮剧锛屽畬鍠勬暀甯堟硶寰嬪埗搴︼紝鎴戜滑鍦ㄦ繁鍏ヨ皟鐮斿熀纭€涓婏紝鐮旂┒褰㈡垚浜嗐€婁腑鍗庝汉姘戝叡鍜屽浗鏁欏笀娉曪紙淇鑽夋锛夛紙寰佹眰鎰忚绋匡級銆嬶紝鐜伴潰鍚戠ぞ浼氬叕寮€寰佹眰鎰忚銆傚叕浼楀彲閫氳繃浠ヤ笅閫斿緞鍜屾柟寮忔彁鍑哄弽棣堟剰瑙侊細

1.閫氳繃淇″嚱鏂瑰紡灏嗘剰瑙侀偖瀵勮嚦锛氬寳浜競瑗垮煄鍖哄ぇ鏈ㄤ粨鑳″悓35鍙锋暀鑲查儴鏀跨瓥娉曡鍙告硶鍒跺姙锛堥偖缂栵細100816锛夈€傛潵淇¤娉ㄦ槑鈥溿€婁腑鍗庝汉姘戝叡鍜屽浗鏁欏笀娉曘€嬪緛姹傛剰瑙佲€濆瓧鏍枫€?/b>

2.閫氳繃鐢靛瓙閭欢鏂瑰紡灏嗘剰瑙佸彂閫佽嚦锛歠zb@moe.edu.cn銆?/b>

鎰忚鍙嶉鎴鏃堕棿涓?021骞?2鏈?0鏃ャ€?a href="http://www.moe.gov.cn/jyb_xwfb/s248/202111/t20211129_583188.html" target="_blank">http://www.moe.gov.cn/jyb_xwfb/s248/202111/t20211129_583188.html


涓崕浜烘皯鍏卞拰鍥芥暀甯堟硶锛堜慨璁㈣崏妗堬級


锛堝緛姹傛剰瑙佺锛?/span>

绗竴绔?/span> 鎬诲垯

绗竴鏉★紙绔嬫硶鐩殑锛?/span>涓轰簡淇濋殰鏁欏笀鍚堟硶鏉冪泭锛岃鑼冩暀甯堣亴涓氳涓猴紝寤鸿楂樼礌璐ㄤ笓涓氬寲鐨勬暀甯堥槦浼嶏紝鎺?/span>杩涗腑鍥界壒鑹茬ぞ浼氫富涔夋暀鑲蹭簨涓氱殑鍙戝睍锛屾牴鎹娉曞拰鏁欒偛娉曪紝鍒跺畾鏈硶銆?/span>

绗簩鏉★紙鏁欏笀瀹氫箟锛?/span>鏈硶鎵€绉版暀甯堟槸鎸囧湪鍚勭骇鍚勭被瀛︽牎鍜屽叾浠栨暀鑲叉満鏋勪腑涓撻棬浠庝簨鏁欒偛鏁欏宸ヤ綔鐨勪笓涓氫汉鍛樸€?/span>

绗笁鏉★紙鑱岃矗浣垮懡锛?/span>鏁欏笀鎵挎媴鐫€涓哄厷鑲蹭汉銆佷负鍥借偛鎵嶏紝绔嬪痉鏍戜汉锛?/span>鍩瑰吇寰锋櫤浣撶編鍔冲叏闈㈠彂灞曠殑绀句細涓讳箟寤鸿鑰呭拰鎺ョ彮浜恒€佹彁楂樻皯鏃忕礌璐ㄧ殑宕囬珮浣垮懡銆傛暀甯堝簲褰撲负浜哄笀琛紝鏈夌悊鎯充俊蹇点€佹湁閬撳痉鎯呮搷銆佹湁鎵庡疄瀛﹁瘑銆佹湁浠佺埍涔嬪績锛屽繝璇氫簬鍏氬拰浜烘皯鐨勬暀鑲蹭簨涓氥€?/span>

绗洓鏉★紙鍩烘湰鍘熷垯锛?/span>鍧氭寔涓浗鍏变骇鍏氬鏁欏笀闃熶紞寤鸿鐨勫叏闈㈤瀵硷紝鍧氭寔鎶婃暀甯堥槦浼嶅缓璁句綔涓哄熀纭€宸ヤ綔锛屽潥鎸佹彁楂樻暀甯堢殑鏀挎不鍦颁綅銆佺ぞ浼氬湴浣嶅拰鑱屼笟鍦颁綅銆?/span>

鍚勭骇浜烘皯鏀垮簻搴斿綋閲囧彇鎺柦锛屽姞寮烘暀甯堢殑鎬濇兂鏀挎不鏁欒偛銆佸笀寰峰笀椋庡缓璁惧拰涓氬姟鍩硅锛屾敼鍠勬暀甯堢殑宸ヤ綔鏉′欢鍜岀敓娲绘潯浠讹紝淇濋殰鏁欏笀鐨勫悎娉曟潈鐩娿€?/span>

绗簲鏉★紙绠$悊浣撳埗锛?/span>鍥藉姟闄㈡暀鑲茶鏀块儴闂ㄤ富绠″叏鍥界殑鏁欏笀宸ヤ綔銆傚浗鍔¢櫌鏈夊叧閮ㄩ棬鍦ㄥ悇鑷亴璐h寖鍥村唴璐熻矗鏈夊叧鐨勬暀甯堝伐浣溿€?/span>

鍦版柟鍚勭骇浜烘皯鏀垮簻鏁欒偛琛屾斂閮ㄩ棬鍦ㄨ亴璐h寖鍥村唴涓荤鏈鏀垮尯鍩熷唴鐨勬暀甯堥槦浼嶅缓璁惧拰绠$悊宸ヤ綔銆傚湴鏂规斂搴滄湁鍏抽儴闂ㄥ湪鍚勮嚜鑱岃矗鑼冨洿鍐呰礋璐f湁鍏崇殑鏁欏笀宸ヤ綔銆?/span>

瀛︽牎鍜屽叾浠栨暀鑲叉満鏋勬牴鎹浗瀹舵湁鍏宠瀹氾紝鑷富瀹炴柦鏁欏笀绠$悊銆?/span>

绗叚鏉★紙鍒嗙被绠$悊锛?/span>鍥藉鏍规嵁鍚勭骇鍚勭被鏁欏笀鐨勮亴璐d换鍔″拰浠庝笟鐗圭偣锛屽疄琛岀浉搴旂殑绠$悊浣撳埗锛屽畬鍠勭浉搴旂殑鍒跺害浣撶郴銆?/span>

鍚勭骇浜烘皯鏀垮簻閲囧彇鎺柦淇冭繘鍖哄煙銆佸煄涔℃暀甯堥槦浼嶇殑鍗忚皟鍙戝睍銆?/span>

绗竷鏉★紙鑽h獕鍒跺害锛?/span>鍥藉寤虹珛鏁欏笀鑽h獕琛ㄥ桨鍒跺害锛岃绔嬪浗瀹舵暀甯堝锛屽鏈夐噸澶ц础鐚殑鏁欏笀锛屼緷鐓у浗瀹舵湁鍏宠瀹氭巿浜堜汉姘戞暀鑲插銆佸叏鍥芥暀涔﹁偛浜烘シ妯°€佸叏鍥芥ā鑼冩暀甯堛€佸叏鍥戒紭绉€鏁欏笀绛夌О鍙枫€?/span>

鍚勭骇浜烘皯鏀垮簻鍙婂叾鏈夊叧閮ㄩ棬鍋ュ叏鐩稿簲鐨勮〃褰般€佸鍔变綋绯伙紝瀵规湁绐佸嚭璐$尞鐨勬暀甯堟寜鐓у浗瀹舵湁鍏宠瀹氫簣浠ヨ〃褰般€佸鍔便€?/span>

绗叓鏉★紙灏婂笀閲嶆暀锛?/span>姣忓勾涔濇湀鍗佹棩涓烘暀甯堣妭銆?/span>

鍏ㄧぞ浼氶兘搴斿綋灏婇噸鏁欏笀锛岀淮鎶ゆ暀甯堥槦浼嶅舰璞★紝瀹d紶鍏堣繘浜嬭抗锛屽紭鎵皧甯堥噸鏁欓灏氥€?/span>

绗簩绔?/span> 鏉冨埄鍜屼箟鍔?/span>

绗節鏉★紙鍩烘湰鏉冨埄锛?/span>鏁欏笀浜湁涓嬪垪鏉冨埄锛?/span>

锛堜竴锛夎嚜涓诲紑灞曟暀鑲叉暀瀛︽椿鍔ㄥ苟鑾峰緱鐩稿簲璁炬柦璁惧鏀寔鍜岃祫婧愪繚闅滐紱

锛堜簩锛変粠浜嬬瀛︾爺绌躲€佸鏈氦娴侊紝鍙傚姞涓撲笟鐨勫鏈洟浣擄紝鍦ㄥ鏈椿鍔ㄤ腑鍏呭垎鍙戣〃鎰忚锛?/span>

锛堜笁锛夋寚瀵煎鐢熺殑瀛︿範鍜屽彂灞曪紝璇勫畾瀛︾敓鐨勫搧琛屽拰瀛︿笟鎴愮哗锛屽瀛︾敓杩涜琛ㄦ壃銆佸鍔便€佹壒璇勪互鍙婃暀鑲叉儵鎴掞紱

锛堝洓锛夋寜鏃惰幏鍙栧伐璧勬姤閰紝浜彈鍥藉瑙勫畾鐨勭鍒╁緟閬囦互鍙婂瘨鏆戝亣鏈熺殑甯﹁柂浼戝亣锛?/span>

锛堜簲锛夊瀛︽牎鏁欒偛鏁欏銆佺鐞嗗伐浣滀韩鏈夌煡鎯呮潈銆佸弬涓庢潈銆佽〃杈炬潈鍜岀洃鐫f潈锛岄€氳繃鏁欒亴宸ヤ唬琛ㄥぇ浼氭垨鑰呭叾浠栧悎娉曟柟寮忓弬涓庡鏍$殑姘戜富绠$悊锛?/span>

锛堝叚锛夊紑灞曡绋嬪拰鏁欏璧勬簮鐮斿彂銆佺鐮旀垚鏋滆浆鍖栵紝骞惰幏寰楃浉搴旀潈鐩婏紱

锛堜竷锛夊弬鍔犺繘淇垨鑰呭叾浠栨柟寮忕殑涓撻棬鍩硅銆佺户缁暀鑲层€?/span>

绗崄鏉★紙鍩烘湰涔夊姟锛?/span>鏁欏笀搴斿綋灞ヨ涓嬪垪涔夊姟锛?/span>

锛堜竴锛夐伒瀹堝娉曘€佹硶寰嬫硶瑙勫拰鑱屼笟閬撳痉銆佺ぞ浼氬叕寰凤紝涓嶆柇鎻愰珮鎬濇兂鏀挎不绱犺川鍜屼釜浜轰慨鍏伙紝璺佃绀句細涓讳箟鏍稿績浠峰€艰锛?/span>

锛堜簩锛夎疮褰诲厷鍜屽浗瀹舵暀鑲叉柟閽堬紝璺佃绔嬪痉鏍戜汉鏍规湰浠诲姟锛岄伒瀹堣亴涓氳涓哄噯鍒欙紝鎵ц璇剧▼鏍囧噯灞ヨ宀椾綅鑱岃矗锛屾綔蹇冩暀涔﹁偛浜猴紝瀹屾垚鏁欒偛鏁欏宸ヤ綔浠诲姟锛?/span>

锛堜笁锛夌户鎵垮拰寮樻壃涓崕浼樼浼犵粺鏂囧寲銆侀潻鍛芥枃鍖栧拰绀句細涓讳箟鍏堣繘鏂囧寲锛屽瀛︾敓杩涜鐖卞浗涓讳箟銆佷腑鍗庢皯鏃忓叡鍚屼綋鎰忚瘑鍜屽浗瀹跺畨鍏ㄦ暀鑲诧紝鎬濇兂鍝佸痉鍜屾硶娌绘暀鑲蹭互鍙婄瀛︽枃鍖栥€佺幆澧冧繚鎶ゃ€佸崼鐢熷仴搴风瓑鏂归潰鐨勬暀鑲诧紝缁勭粐銆佸甫棰嗗鐢熷紑灞曟湁鐩婄殑绀句細娲诲姩锛?/span>

锛堝洓锛夊叧蹇冦€佺埍鎶ゅ叏浣撳鐢燂紝灏婇噸瀛︾敓鍩烘湰鏉冨埄鍜屼汉鏍煎皧涓ワ紝淇冭繘瀛︾敓寰锋櫤浣撶編鍔冲叏闈㈠彂灞曪紱

锛堜簲锛夋壒璇勫拰鎶靛埗鏈夊浜庡鐢熷仴搴锋垚闀跨殑鐜拌薄锛?/span>

锛堝叚锛変緷娉曚緷瑙勫饱琛屽叕鍏辨暀鑲叉湇鍔¤亴璐o紝鍏璇勪环銆佸钩绛夊寰呫€佺瀛︾鐞嗗鐢燂紱

锛堜竷锛夐€傚簲鏃朵唬瑕佹眰鍜屾妧鏈彉闈╋紝鏇存柊鏁欒偛瑙傚康锛屽垱鏂版暀鑲叉暀瀛︽柟娉曪紝涓嶆柇鎻愰珮鏁欎功鑲蹭汉鑳藉姏锛屾垚涓虹粓韬涔犵殑鍊″鑰呫€佽返琛岃€呫€?/span>

绗崄涓€鏉★紙灞ヨ亴瑙勮寖锛?/span>鏁欏笀鍦ㄥ饱鑱岃繃绋嬩腑搴斿綋鍏钩銆佸叕姝h浣胯亴鏉冿紝涓嶅緱寰囩鑸炲紛銆佸紕铏氫綔鍋囷紝涓嶅緱鍒╃敤鑱屽姟渚垮埄鎴栧奖鍝嶏紝鐗熷彇涓嶆褰撳埄鐩娿€?/span>

绗崄浜屾潯锛堢壒鍒箟鍔★級骞煎効鍥€佷腑灏忓鏁欏笀鍦ㄥ饱琛岃亴璐f椂锛屽簲褰撴敞閲嶄繚鎶ゆ湭鎴愬勾瀛︾敓鐨勪汉韬畨鍏ㄥ拰鍚堟硶鏉冪泭锛屽埗姝?/span>瀛︾敓娆哄噷鍜屽叾浠?/span>鏈夊浜庡鐢熺殑琛屼负锛涘彂鐢熻嚜鐒剁伨瀹炽€佷簨鏁呯伨闅俱€佸叕鍏卞崼鐢熶簨浠剁瓑绐佸彂浜嬩欢鎴栬€呭鐢熶激瀹充簨鏁咃紝搴斿綋绉瀬淇濇姢銆佹晳鍔╁鐢燂紱搴斿綋涓庡鐢熺埗姣嶆垨鑰呭叾浠栫洃鎶や汉鐩镐簰閰嶅悎锛屽姞寮哄瀹跺涵鏁欒偛鐨勬寚瀵硷紝淇冭繘瀹舵牎鍗忓悓鑲蹭汉銆?/span>

绗崄涓夋潯锛堢壒鍒韩浠斤級鍏姙涓皬瀛︽暀甯堟槸鍥藉鍏亴浜哄憳锛屼緷鎹鑼冨叕鑱屼汉鍛樼殑鐩稿叧娉曞緥瑙勫畾锛屼韩鏈夌浉搴旀潈鍒╋紝灞ヨ鐩稿簲涔夊姟銆?/span>

鍚勭骇浜烘皯鏀垮簻鍙婂叾鏈夊叧閮ㄩ棬搴斿綋渚濇硶鍔犲己瀵瑰叕鍔炰腑灏忓鏁欏笀鐨勪繚闅滃拰绠$悊銆?/span>

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绗笁绔?/span> 璧勬牸鍜屽噯鍏?/span>

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鍘跨骇浜烘皯鏀垮簻鏁欒偛琛屾斂閮ㄩ棬璐熻矗鍘匡紙鍖猴級鍩熷唴涔夊姟鏁欒偛鏁欏笀鐨勭粺绛圭鐞嗭紝搴斿綋鎸夎瀹氱粍缁囨暀甯堜氦娴佽疆宀楋紝鍚堢悊閰嶇疆鏁欏笀璧勬簮锛屼繚闅滀箟鍔℃暀鑲插潎琛″彂灞曘€?/span>

绗簩鍗佷簲鏉★紙杞换鍏亴锛?/span>鍘垮拰璁惧尯鐨勫競绾т汉姘戞斂搴滄暀鑲茶鏀块儴闂ㄧ粡鎵瑰噯鍙互璁剧疆璐熻矗涓皬瀛︺€佸辜鍎垮洯鏁欒偛鏁欏绠$悊鐨勪笓涓氭妧鏈矖浣嶏紝浼樺厛浠庡叿澶囧壇楂樼骇浠ヤ笂鏁欏笀鑱屽姟銆佹湁涓皬瀛︺€佸辜鍎垮洯绠$悊鎴栬€呬笓鑱岀潱瀛﹀伐浣滅粡楠岀殑浜哄憳涓皟浠绘垨鑰呭綍鐢ㄣ€?/span>

绗簩鍗佸叚鏉★紙鍚堝悓鍒跺害锛?/span>瀛︽牎鍜屽叾浠栨暀鑲叉満鏋勫簲褰撲笌鏁欏笀绛捐鑱樼敤鍚堝悓鎴栬€呭姵鍔ㄥ悎鍚屻€?/span>

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绗簩鍗佷竷鏉★紙鍚堝悓绠$悊锛?/span>鑱樼敤鍚堝悓銆佸姵鍔ㄥ悎鍚屽簲褰撲緷娉曚緷瑙勭害瀹氬弻鏂圭殑鏉冨埄銆佷箟鍔″拰璐d换锛屽苟鏄庣‘鏁欏笀宀椾綅鑱岃矗銆佽€冩牳瑕佹眰绛夊唴瀹癸紝鏈熼檺涓€鑸笉浣庝簬涓夊勾銆?/span>

鍏姙涓皬瀛︽暀甯堝洜鐥呬紤銆佷骇鍋囨垨鑰呭弬鍔犲煿璁瓑鍘熷洜涓嶈兘鍒板矖锛屽幙绾т汉姘戞斂搴滄湁鍏抽儴闂ㄥ彲浠ヤ复鏃惰仒鐢ㄥ叿鏈夋暀甯堣祫鏍肩殑浜哄憳鎵挎媴鏁欒偛鏁欏宸ヤ綔銆備复鏃惰仒鐢ㄥ悎鍚屾湡闄愪笉寰楄秴杩囦竴骞达紝鏉冨埄涔夊姟绛夌敱鍙屾柟渚濈収鏈夊叧娉曞緥鍙﹁绾﹀畾銆?/span>

绗簩鍗佸叓鏉★紙鑰冩牳鍒跺害锛?/span>瀛︽牎鎴栬€呭叾浠栨暀鑲叉満鏋勫簲褰撳鏁欏笀鐨勬€濇兂鏀挎不绱犺川銆佸笀寰峰笀椋庤〃鐜般€佷笟鍔¤兘鍔涙按骞炽€佹暀鑲叉暀瀛﹀疄缁╁拰蹇冪悊鍋ュ悍鐘跺喌绛夎繘琛岃€冩牳銆傝€冩牳鍒嗕负骞村害鑰冩牳銆佽仒鏈熻€冩牳绛変笉鍚屽舰寮忋€?/span>

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绗簩鍗佷節鏉★紙鑰冩牳鏍囧噯锛?/span>瀛︽牎鎴栬€呭叾浠栨暀鑲叉満鏋勫簲褰撳缓绔嬪仴鍏ㄧ瀛︾殑鑰冩牳璇勪环鏍囧噯锛屽叏闈㈠弽鏄犳暀甯堢殑甯堝痉琛ㄧ幇銆佽亴璐h姹傘€佸矖浣嶇壒鐐癸紱鑰冩牳搴斿綋瀹㈣銆佸叕姝c€佸叕寮€銆佸噯纭紝骞朵互閫傚綋鏂瑰紡鍚彇鏁欏笀鏈汉銆佸叾浠栨暀甯堜互鍙婂鐢熺殑鎰忚銆?/span>

绗笁鍗佹潯锛堢粨鏋滆繍鐢級鏁欏笀骞村害鑰冩牳缁撴灉鍙互鍒嗕负浼樼銆佸悎鏍笺€佸熀鏈悎鏍煎拰涓嶅悎鏍肩瓑妗f锛岃€冩牳缁撴灉浣滀负鑱屽姟鏅嬪崌銆佽瘎浼樺鍔便€佸矖浣嶈仒鐢?/span>銆佸畾鏈熸敞鍐?/span>绛夌殑渚濇嵁銆?/span>

鑱樻湡鑰冩牳缁撴灉浣滀负鏄惁缁仒鐨勯噸瑕佷緷鎹€?/span>

鏁欏笀骞村害鑰冩牳鍜岃仒鏈熻€冩牳搴斿綋瀵规暀甯堢殑甯堝痉甯堥杩涜閲嶇偣鑰冭瘎锛屽瓨鍦ㄤ弗閲嶉棶棰樼殑锛屽簲褰撹瀹氫负鑰冩牳涓嶅悎鏍笺€?/span>

绗簲绔?/span> 鍩瑰吇鍜屽煿璁?/span>

绗笁鍗佷竴鏉★紙鍩瑰吇浣撶郴锛?/span>鍥藉寤虹珛浠ュ笀鑼冮櫌鏍′负涓讳綋銆侀珮姘村钩闈炲笀鑼冮櫌鏍″弬涓庣殑涓浗鐗硅壊鏁欏笀鍩瑰吇浣撶郴銆傚浗瀹舵敮鎸侀珮姘村钩缁煎悎澶у涓惧姙鏁欏笀鏁欒偛銆?/span>

鍚勭骇浜烘皯鏀垮簻鍜屾湁鍏抽儴闂ㄥ簲褰撻噰鍙栨帾鏂芥彁楂樺笀鑼冮櫌鏍″姙瀛︽按骞筹紝鍔犲己鏁欏笀鏁欒偛瀛︾寤鸿锛屽缓绔嬪仴鍏ㄥ笀鑼冮櫌鏍¤瘎浠峰埗搴︺€佹爣鍑嗕綋绯诲拰甯堣寖涓撲笟璁よ瘉鍒跺害锛屽彲浠ヤ緷鎵樺鏍°€佷紒涓氱瓑寤虹珛鏁欏笀鍩瑰吇鍩硅鍩哄湴銆?/span>

绗笁鍗佷簩鏉★紙鍏垂鏁欒偛锛?/span>鍥藉閲囧彇澶氱鎺柦锛岄紦鍔变紭绉€闈掑勾杩涘叆甯堣寖闄㈡牎鍜屼笓涓氬涔犮€?/span>

鍥藉寤虹珛甯堣寖鐢熷叕璐规暀鑲插埗搴︺€傚浗鍔¢櫌鍜岀渷绾т汉姘戞斂搴滅‘瀹氱殑甯堣寖闄㈡牎搴斿綋鎸夌収瑕佹眰鎷涙敹鍏垂甯堣寖鐢熴€傚叕璐瑰笀鑼冪敓姣曚笟鍚庡簲褰撴寜鐓х害瀹氬畬鎴愪换鏁欐湇鍔°€傛湁鏉′欢鐨勫湴鏂瑰彲浠ラ潰鍚戝笀鑼冮櫌鏍℃垨鑰呭笀鑼冧笓涓氱殑瀛︾敓璁剧珛涓撲笟濂栧閲戙€?/span>

绗笁鍗佷笁鏉★紙鍩硅鍒跺害锛?/span>鍥藉寤虹珛鍋ュ叏鏁欏笀鍦ㄨ亴鍩硅鍜岀户缁暀鑲插埗搴︼紝涓嶆柇鎻愰珮鏁欏笀鐨勪笓涓氱礌璐ㄨ兘鍔涖€?/span>

鍚勭骇浜烘皯鏀垮簻搴斿綋灏嗘暀甯堝煿璁粡璐瑰垪鍏ヨ储鏀块绠椼€傛暀鑲茶鏀块儴闂ㄥ強鏈夊叧閮ㄩ棬鍜屽鏍″簲褰撳仴鍏ㄦ暀甯堝煿璁綋绯伙紝瀹屽杽鍩硅鏍囧噯锛屽埗瀹氬煿璁鍒掞紝瀵规暀甯堣繘琛屽绉嶅舰寮忕殑鎬濇兂鏀挎不銆佸笀寰峰笀椋庡拰涓氬姟鑳藉姏鍩硅銆?/span>

鍚勭骇鏁欏鐮旂┒銆佹暀甯堝煿璁満鏋勭瓑鎵挎媴缁勭粐銆佸紑灞曟暀鑲叉暀瀛︾爺绌跺拰鏁欏笀缁х画鏁欒偛鐨勪换鍔°€傝鍖虹殑甯傛垨鑰呮湁鏉′欢鐨勫幙搴斿綋璁剧珛涓皬瀛︽暀甯堝彂灞曟満鏋勶紝璐熻矗鎸囧鏈鏀垮尯鍩熷唴涓皬瀛︽暀甯堜笓涓氬彂灞曞伐浣溿€?/span>

绗笁鍗佸洓鏉★紙鍩硅鏀寔锛?/span>瀛︽牎搴斿綋鐫d績銆佹敮鎸佹暀甯堟瘡骞村弬鍔犱笉灏戜簬瑙勫畾瀛︽椂鐨勫煿璁紝鍏朵腑搴斿綋鍖呮嫭鑴辩鏁欒偛鏁欏宀椾綅鐨勪笓闂ㄥ煿璁垨鑰呯户缁暀鑲层€?/span>

鏁欏笀鍩硅鐨勫唴瀹瑰簲褰撳垏鍚堟暀甯堝伐浣滈渶瑕侊紝鍏呭垎鍒╃敤鐜颁唬淇℃伅鎶€鏈瓑鎵嬫锛岄噰鍙栧鏍峰寲鐨勫舰寮忋€佹柟娉曘€傞紦鍔卞叿澶囨潯浠剁殑楂樼瓑瀛︽牎銆佺鐮旀満鏋勫拰鍏朵粬浼佷笟銆佷簨涓氬崟浣嶇爺绌跺紑鍙戞暀甯堝煿璁绋嬭祫婧愶紝寮€灞曟暀甯堝煿璁垨鑰呯户缁暀鑲层€?/span>

绗笁鍗佷簲鏉★紙瀹炰範瀹炶返锛?/span>鍦版柟浜烘皯鏀垮簻鍙婃湁鍏抽儴闂ㄥ簲褰撻紦鍔便€佹敮鎸佷腑灏忓銆佸辜鍎垮洯涓哄笀鑼冪敓瀹炰範瀹炶返鎻愪緵鍦哄湴銆佹寚瀵肩瓑渚垮埄鏉′欢銆?/span>

鍥藉鏈哄叧銆佷紒涓氫簨涓氬崟浣嶅拰鍏朵粬绀句細缁勭粐搴斿綋涓烘暀甯堢殑绀句細璋冩煡鍜岀ぞ浼氬疄璺垫彁渚涙柟渚匡紝缁欎簣鍗忓姪銆?/span>

绗笁鍗佸叚鏉★紙鐗瑰埆鏀寔锛?/span>鍚勭骇浜烘皯鏀垮簻搴斿綋渚濇嵁鑱岃矗閲囧彇鎺柦锛屼负杈硅繙鍜屾瑺鍙戣揪鍦板尯銆佽竟鐤嗗拰灏戞暟姘戞棌鑱氬眳鍦板尯銆侀潻鍛借€佸尯鍜屼埂鏉戝湴鍖哄煿鍏汇€佸煿璁暀甯堛€?/span>

绗叚绔?/span> 淇濋殰鍜屽緟閬?/span>

绗笁鍗佷竷鏉★紙淇濋殰鑱岃矗锛?/span>鍥藉鍒嗙被寤虹珛鏁欏笀宸ヨ祫寰呴亣淇濋殰鏈哄埗銆?/span>

鍏姙涓皬瀛︽暀甯堝伐璧勩€佺鍒┿€佺ぞ浼氫繚闅滃崟浣嶇即璐广€佹触璐翠互鍙婂鍔便€佸煿璁瓑鎵€闇€缁忚垂锛屾寜鐓т簨鏉冨拰鏀嚭璐d换鐩搁€傚簲鐨勫師鍒欙紝鍒嗗埆鍒楀叆鍚勭骇璐㈡斂棰勭畻浜堜互淇濋殰銆?/span>

鍏朵粬瀛︽牎銆佹暀鑲叉満鏋勮仒鐢ㄦ暀甯堢殑宸ヨ祫鍙婂叾浠栧緟閬囷紝鐢卞鏍°€佹暀鑲叉満鏋勫強鍏朵妇鍔炶€呬簣浠ヤ繚闅滐紝璐㈡斂鍙互渚濊亴璐d簣浠ヨˉ璐存垨鑰呭鍔便€?/span>

绗笁鍗佸叓鏉★紙宸ヨ祫鏀跺叆锛?/span>涓皬瀛?/span>銆佸辜鍎垮洯鏁欏笀鐨勫钩鍧囧伐璧勬敹鍏ユ按骞冲簲褰撲笉浣庝簬鎴栬€呴珮浜庡綋鍦板叕鍔″憳鐨勫钩鍧囧伐璧勬敹鍏ユ按骞筹紝骞堕€愭鎻愰珮銆傜哗鏁堝伐璧勫垎閰嶅簲褰撳潥鎸佸鍔冲寰椼€佷紭缁╀紭閰紝骞朵綋鐜板浼樼鏁欏笀銆佺彮涓讳换绛夌壒瀹氬矖浣嶆暀甯堢殑婵€鍔便€?/span>

楂樼瓑瀛︽牎鏍规嵁鍥藉鏈夊叧瑙勫畾锛岃嚜涓荤‘瀹氬唴閮ㄥ垎閰嶅姙娉曪紝鍋ュ叏浠ュ鍔犵煡璇嗕环鍊间负瀵煎悜銆佺鍚堥珮绛夊鏍¤涓氱壒鐐圭殑宸ヨ祫鏀跺叆鍒嗛厤鍒跺害銆?/span>

鍚勭骇浜烘皯鏀垮簻搴斿綋钀藉疄鏁欏笀姝e父鏅嬬骇澧炶柂鍒跺害銆?/span>

绗笁鍗佷節鏉★紙娲ヨ创琛ヨ创锛?/span>绗﹀悎鏉′欢鐨勬暀甯堬紝鍙寜鐓у浗瀹惰瀹氫韩鍙楃浉搴旂殑娲ヨ创銆佽ˉ璐达紝鍏蜂綋鍔炴硶鐢卞浗鍔¢櫌鏁欒偛琛屾斂閮ㄩ棬浼氬悓鏈夊叧閮ㄩ棬鍒跺畾銆?/span>

绗洓鍗佹潯锛堝湴鍖鸿ˉ璐达級鍦版柟鍚勭骇浜烘皯鏀垮簻瀵瑰埌杈硅繙鍜屾瑺鍙戣揪鍦板尯銆佽竟鐤嗗拰灏戞暟姘戞棌鑱氬眳鍦板尯銆侀潻鍛借€佸尯鍜屼埂鏉戝湴鍖轰粠浜嬫暀鑲叉暀瀛﹀伐浣滅殑鏁欏笀锛屽簲褰撴寜鐓у浗瀹舵湁鍏宠瀹氫簣浠ヨˉ璐淬€?/span>

绗洓鍗佷竴鏉★紙浣忔埧浼樻儬锛?/span>鍦版柟鍚勭骇浜烘皯鏀垮簻鍙婃湁鍏抽儴闂ㄥ湪浣忔埧淇濋殰鏀跨瓥涓簲褰撳褰撳湴鏁欏笀浜堜互鍊炬枩銆傚幙銆佷埂涓ょ骇浜烘皯鏀垮簻搴斿綋涓哄啘鏉戜腑灏忓鏁欏笀瑙e喅浣忔埧缁欎簣涓€瀹氭敮鎸侊紝骞舵牴鎹渶瑕佸缓璁炬暀甯堝懆杞鑸嶃€?/span>

绗洓鍗佷簩鏉★紙鍖荤枟寰呴亣锛?/span>鍏姙涓皬瀛︺€佸辜鍎垮洯鏁欏笀鐨勫尰鐤楀悓褰撳湴鍏姟鍛樹韩鍙楀悓绛夌殑寰呴亣銆傚幙绾ф暀鑲茶鏀块儴闂ㄣ€佸鏍″簲褰撳畾鏈熺粍缁囨暀甯堣繘琛岃韩浣撳仴搴锋鏌ュ拰蹇冪悊鍋ュ悍璇勬祴锛屽苟鍥犲湴鍒跺疁瀹夋帓鏁欏笀杩涜浼戝吇銆?/span>

鍖荤枟鏈烘瀯搴斿綋瀵规暀甯堟彁渚涗紭鍏堟湇鍔°€?/span>

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绗洓鍗佸洓鏉★紙姘戝姙寰呴亣锛?/span>姘戝姙瀛︽牎鍙婂叾涓惧姙鑰呭簲褰撳弬鐓у悓绾у悓绫诲叕鍔炲鏍℃暀甯堢殑鏍囧噯锛屼緷娉曚繚闅滄墍鑱樻暀甯堢殑宸ヨ祫銆佺鍒╁緟閬囧拰鍏朵粬鍚堟硶鏉冪泭锛屽苟渚濇硶涓烘暀甯堣冻棰濈即绾崇ぞ浼氫繚闄╄垂鍜屼綇鎴垮叕绉噾銆?/span>

榧撳姳姘戝姙瀛︽牎鎸夌収鍥藉瑙勫畾涓烘墍鑱樻暀甯堝缓绔嬭亴涓氬勾閲戙€?/span>

绗洓鍗佷簲鏉★紙灞ヨ亴淇濋殰锛?/span>鍚勭骇浜烘皯鏀垮簻銆佹暀鑲茶鏀块儴闂ㄥ強鏈夊叧閮ㄩ棬锛屾垨鑰呭鏍″拰鍏朵粬鏁欒偛鏈烘瀯搴斿綋灞ヨ鑱岃矗锛屼负鏁欏笀灞ヨ亴鎻愪緵浠ヤ笅淇濋殰锛?/span>

锛堜竴锛夋彁渚涚鍚堣姹傜殑鏁欒偛鏁欏璁炬柦銆佽澶囦互鍙婄浉鍏宠祫婧愶紱

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锛堜笁锛夌淮鎶ゆ暀甯堜緷娉曟墽鏁欑殑鑱屼笟鏉冨埄锛屼繚闅滄暀甯堝疄鏂芥暀鑲叉儵鎴掋€佸埗姝㈠鐢熻繚娉曡繚瑙勮涓恒€佸埗姝镜瀹冲鐢熷悎娉曟潈鐩婅涓虹殑鑱屾潈锛?/span>

锛堝洓锛変繚闅滄暀甯堢殑浜烘牸灏婁弗鍜屼汉韬潈鍒╋紝瀵逛井杈便€佽璋ゃ€佹毚鍔涗激瀹崇瓑渚靛鏁欏笀鍚堟硶鏉冪泭鐨勮涓猴紝鍙婃椂杩涜澶勭悊锛屼緷娉曡拷绌惰矗浠伙紱

锛堜簲锛変繚闅滄暀甯堟綔蹇冩暀涔︺€侀潤蹇冭偛浜恒€傞櫎鐗规畩銆佺揣鎬ユ儏鍐靛锛屼笉寰楀畨鎺掓暀甯堝埌涓庢暀鑲叉暀瀛︽棤鍏冲満鎵€寮€灞曠浉鍏冲伐浣滐紝涓嶅緱瀹夋帓鏁欏笀浠庝簨瀛︽牎浠ュ鐨勬墽娉曘€佹墽鍕ゆ垨鑰呭叾浠栦笌鏁欏笀鑱岃矗鏃犲叧鐨勫伐浣溿€?/span>

绗竷绔?/span> 濂栨儵鍜岀敵璇?/span>

绗洓鍗佸叚鏉★紙琛ㄥ桨濂栧姳锛?/span>鏁欏笀鎴栬€呮暀甯堝洟浣撴湁涓嬪垪鎯呭舰涔嬩竴鐨勶紝鎸夌収鍥藉鏈夊叧瑙勫畾缁欎簣琛ㄥ桨銆佸鍔憋細

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锛堝叚锛夋湁鍏朵粬绐佸嚭璐$尞鐨勩€?/span>

绗洓鍗佷竷鏉★紙濂栧姳涓讳綋锛?/span>瀵规暀甯堢殑濂栧姳鐢辨墍鍦ㄥ鏍″拰鍏朵粬鏁欒偛鏈烘瀯銆佷富绠℃暀鑲茶鏀块儴闂ㄣ€佸悇绾т汉姘戞斂搴滃強鏈夊叧閮ㄩ棬鍒嗗埆缁勭粐瀹炴柦銆?/span>

鍥藉鏀寔鍜岄紦鍔变紒浜嬩笟鍗曚綅銆佺ぞ浼氱粍缁囨垨鑰呬釜浜哄悜渚濇硶鎴愮珛鐨勫鍔辨暀甯堢殑鍩洪噾缁勭粐鎹愬姪璧勯噾鎴栬€呬互鎹愯祫璁剧珛濂栧姳鍩洪噾銆佺壒璁惧矖浣嶇瓑鏂瑰紡锛屽鏁欏笀杩涜濂栧姳銆?/span>

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绗洓鍗佷節鏉★紙鏍″唴鏁戞祹锛?/span>鏁欏笀瀵瑰鏍℃垨鑰呭叾浠栨暀鑲叉満鏋勫仛鍑虹殑澶勫垎鍐冲畾鎴栬€呰€冩牳缁撹涓嶆湇锛屾垨鑰呰涓哄鏍$殑澶勭悊鍙婂叾浠栫鐞嗚涓轰镜瀹冲叾鍚堟硶鏉冪泭鐨勶紝鍙互鍦ㄥ叚鍗佹棩鍐呭悜瀛︽牎鎴栬€呭叾浠栨暀鑲叉満鏋勬彁璧风敵璇夈€?/span>

瀛︽牎鎴栬€呭叾浠栨暀鑲叉満鏋勫簲褰撹绔嬬敱瀛︽牎鐩稿叧璐熻矗浜恒€佹暀甯堜唬琛ㄣ€佹湁鍏充笓涓氫汉鍛樼粍鎴愮殑鏁欏笀鐢宠瘔澶勭悊濮斿憳浼氾紝璐熻矗澶勭悊鏁欏笀鎻愯捣鐨勭敵璇夊苟鍋氬嚭鍐冲畾銆?/span>

绗簲鍗佹潯锛堝閮ㄦ晳娴庯級鏁欏笀瀵瑰鏍℃暀甯堢敵璇夊鍛樹細鍋氬嚭鐨勫喅瀹氫笉鏈嶇殑锛屽彲浠ヨ嚜璇ュ鐞嗗喅瀹氱敓鏁堜箣鏃ヨ捣鍏崄鏃ュ唴锛屽悜瀛︽牎鐨勪富绠℃暀鑲茶鏀块儴闂ㄦ彁鍑虹敵璇夛紝鎴栬€呭悜鍚岀骇缁煎悎浜轰簨绠$悊閮ㄩ棬鐢宠浜轰簨浜夎浠茶銆?/span>

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鏁欏笀璁や负褰撳湴浜烘皯鏀垮簻鏈夊叧琛屾斂閮ㄩ棬渚电姱鍏舵牴鎹湰娉曡瀹氫韩鏈夌殑鏉冨埄鐨勶紝鍙互鑷煡閬撴潈鐩婂彈鎹熶箣鏃ヨ捣鍏崄鏃ュ唴鍚戝悓绾т汉姘戞斂搴滄垨鑰呬笂涓€绾т汉姘戞斂搴滄湁鍏抽儴闂ㄦ彁鍑虹敵璇夛紝鍚岀骇浜烘皯鏀垮簻鎴栬€呬笂涓€绾т汉姘戞斂搴滄湁鍏抽儴闂ㄥ簲褰撲綔鍑哄鐞嗐€?/span>

绗叓绔?/span> 娉曞緥璐d换

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绗簲鍗佷簩鏉★紙涓ラ噸杩濇硶锛?/span>鏁欏笀鏈変笅鍒楁儏褰箣涓€鐨勶紝鐢辨墍鍦ㄥ鏍°€佸叾浠栨暀鑲叉満鏋勬垨鑰呮暀鑲茶鏀块儴闂ㄧ粰浜堝紑闄ゅ鍒嗘垨鑰呬簣浠ヨВ鑱橈紝骞剁敱涓荤鏁欒偛琛屾斂閮ㄩ棬鎾?/span>閿€鏁欏笀璧勬牸,浜斿勾鍐呬笉寰楃敵璇锋暀甯堣祫鏍硷紱鎯呰妭涓ラ噸锛屽奖鍝嶆伓鍔g殑锛?/span>鎴栨湁鏈硶绗崄涔濇潯鎵€鍒楁儏褰㈢殑锛屾挙閿€鏁欏笀璧勬牸锛?/span>缁堣韩涓嶅緱鐢宠鏁欏笀璧勬牸锛岀姝粠涓氾紱鏋勬垚鐘姜鐨勶紝渚濇硶杩界┒鍒戜簨璐d换锛?/span>

锛堜竴锛夊叕寮€鍙戣〃杩濆弽瀹硶瑷€璁猴紝鎹熷鍏氬拰鍥藉澹拌獕鐨勶紱

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