鎴愪汉楂樼瓑瀛︽牎鎷涚敓鍏ㄥ浗缁熶竴鑰冭瘯

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鎶ヨ€冭垂鐢?

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鑰冭瘯鏁欐潗

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鑰冭瘯鏃堕棿

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鍚噾閲?

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鎶ュ悕鍙傚姞鑰冨墠杈呭

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9鏈堝簳鍙戜笅鍑嗚€冭瘉

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11鏈堜唤缃戜笂鍏竷鑰冭瘯鎴愮哗

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12鏈堝簳鎴?鏈堝垵棰嗗彇褰曞彇閫氱煡涔?/a>

绗簩骞?鏈堜腑鏃鍙栨暀鏉愶紝璇剧▼琛?/a>姝e紡鍏ュ涓婅

鐑棬涓撲笟

鑰冭瘯鐜板満鑰冭瘯鐜板満

涓撳崌鏈儹闂ㄤ笓涓氾細鏈烘璁捐鍒堕€犲強鍏惰嚜鍔ㄥ寲銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=82123875&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">璁$畻鏈虹瀛︿笌鎶€鏈?/a>銆佸伐鍟嗙鐞嗐€佸競鍦鸿惀閿€銆佷細璁″銆佺粡娴庡銆侀噾铻嶅銆佹硶瀛︺€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=194453&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">浜哄姏璧勬簮绠$悊銆侀噰鐭垮伐绋嬨€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=82123757&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">娴嬫帶鎶€鏈笌浠櫒銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=194490&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鐢靛瓙淇℃伅宸ョ▼銆侀€氫俊宸ョ▼銆佸湡鏈ㄥ伐绋嬨€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=82123939&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鍖栧宸ョ▼涓庡伐鑹?/a>銆佸姩鐢汇€佽壓鏈璁°€佸尰瀛︾被涓撲笟鍜屾姢鐞嗕笓涓氱瓑銆?

楂樺崌涓撶儹闂ㄤ笓涓氾細宸ュ晢浼佷笟绠$悊銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=64485118&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">浼氳鐢电畻鍖?/a>銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=1973090&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鏈虹數涓€浣撳寲鎶€鏈?/a>銆佺墿娴佺鐞嗐€佷汉鍔涜祫婧愮鐞嗐€佸姩鐢汇€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=263252&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">璁$畻鏈虹綉缁滄妧鏈?/a>銆佸競鍦鸿惀閿€銆佺數瀛愬晢鍔°€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=547722&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鍥介檯缁忔祹涓庤锤鏄?/a>銆佽鏀跨鐞嗐€佺粡娴庣鐞嗐€佸晢鍔¤嫳璇€佸簲鐢ㄥ寲宸ャ€佸缓绛戝伐绋嬬鐞嗐€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=64367488&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">妯″叿璁捐涓庡埗閫?/a>銆佺數瀛愪俊鎭伐绋嬫妧鏈€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=550633&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">璁$畻鏈轰俊鎭鐞?/a>銆佽壓鏈璁°€佹姢鐞嗙瓑绛夈€?

2鑰冭瘯浜嬪疁

缂栬緫

鑰冭瘯绉戠洰

1.涓撳崌鏈€冭瘯
锛?锛夊摬瀛︺€佹枃瀛︼紙鑹烘湳绫婚櫎澶栵級銆佸巻鍙插浠ュ強涓尰銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=257788&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">涓嵂瀛?/a>锛堜竴绾у绉戯級锛氭斂娌汇€佸璇€佸ぇ瀛﹁鏂囥€?

锛?锛夎壓鏈被锛堜竴绾у绉戯級锛氭斂娌汇€佸璇€佽壓鏈璁恒€?br /> 锛?锛夊伐瀛︺€佺悊瀛︼紙鐢熺墿绉戝绫汇€佸湴鐞嗙瀛︾被銆佺幆澧冪瀛︾被銆佸績鐞嗗绫荤瓑鍥涗釜涓€绾у绉戦櫎澶栵級锛氭斂娌汇€佸璇€侀珮鏁帮紙涓€锛夈€?br /> 锛?锛夌粡娴庡銆佺鐞嗗浠ュ強鑱屼笟鏁欒偛绫汇€佺敓鐗╃瀛︾被銆佸湴鐞嗙瀛︾被銆佺幆澧冪瀛︾被銆佸績鐞嗗绫汇€佽嵂瀛︾被锛堥櫎涓嵂瀛︾被澶栵級绛夊叚涓竴绾у绉戯細鏀挎不銆佸璇€侀珮鏁帮紙浜岋級銆?br /> 锛?锛夋硶瀛︼細鏀挎不銆佸璇€佹皯娉曘€?br /> 锛?锛夋暀鑲插锛堣亴涓氭暀鑲茬被涓€绾у绉戦櫎澶栵級锛氭斂娌汇€佸璇€佹暀鑲茬悊璁恒€?br /> 锛?锛夊啘瀛︼細鏀挎不銆佸璇€佺敓鎬佸鍩虹銆?br /> 锛?锛夊尰瀛?涓尰瀛︾被銆佽嵂瀛︾被绛変袱涓竴绾у绉戦櫎澶?锛氭斂娌汇€佸璇€佸尰瀛︾患鍚堛€?br /> 锛?锛変綋鑲茬被锛氭斂娌汇€佸璇€佹暀鑲茬悊璁恒€?br /> 涓婅堪绉戠洰瀹炶鍏ㄥ浗缁熻€冦€傞櫎鏃ヨ銆佷縿璇敱鍚勭渷锛堝尯銆佸競锛夎嚜琛岀粍缁囧懡棰樺锛屽叾浠栫鐩潎鐢辨暀鑲查儴缁熶竴鍛藉埗銆傚悇绉戝懡棰樿寖鍥翠笉瓒呭嚭銆婂叏鍥芥垚浜洪珮绛夊鏍℃嫑鐢熷涔犺€冭瘯澶х翰銆嬨€?br /> 2.楂樹腑璧风偣鍗囨湰銆佷笓绉戣€冭瘯
楂樿捣鏈€侀珮璧蜂笓鑰冭瘯鎸夋枃绉戙€佺悊绉戝垎鍒缃粺鑰冪鐩€傚璇垎鑻辫銆佷縿璇€佹棩璇笁涓绉嶏紝鐢辫€冪敓鏍规嵁鎷涚敓涓撲笟鐩綍涓槑纭殑璇瑕佹眰杩涜閫夋嫨銆?br /> 鎶ヨ€冮珮璧锋湰鐨勮€冪敓锛岄櫎鍙傚姞涓夐棬缁熻€冨叕鍏辫鐨勮€冭瘯澶栵紝杩橀渶鍙傚姞涓撲笟鍩虹璇剧殑鑰冭瘯锛屾枃绉戠被涓撲笟鍩虹璇句负鈥滃巻鍙层€佸湴鐞嗙患鍚堚€濓紙绠€绉板彶鍦帮級锛岀悊绉戠被涓撲笟鍩虹璇句负鈥滅墿鐞嗐€佸寲瀛︾患鍚堚€濓紙绠€绉扮悊鍖栵級銆備互涓婅瘯棰樺潎鐢辨暀鑲查儴缁熶竴鍛藉埗锛屾瘡闂ㄦ弧鍒?50鍒嗐€傚悇绉戝懡棰樿寖鍥翠笉瓒呭嚭銆婂叏鍥芥垚浜洪珮绛夊鏍℃嫑鐢熷涔犺€冭瘯澶х翰銆嬨€?br /> 锛?锛夐珮璧锋湰鍚勪笓涓氳€冭瘯绉戠洰锛?br /> 鏂囧彶绫汇€佸璇被銆佽壓鏈被锛氳鏂囥€佹暟瀛︼紙鏂囷級銆佸璇€佸彶鍦般€?br /> 鐞嗗伐绫汇€佷綋鑲茬被锛氳鏂囥€佹暟瀛︼紙鐞嗭級銆佸璇€佺悊鍖栥€?br /> 锛?锛夐珮璧蜂笓鍚勪笓涓氳€冭瘯绉戠洰锛?br /> 鏂囧彶绫汇€佸璇被銆佽壓鏈被銆佸叕瀹夌被锛氳鏂囥€佹暟瀛︼紙鏂囷級銆佸璇€?br /> 鐞嗗伐绫汇€佷綋鑲茬被銆佽タ鍖荤被銆佷腑鍖荤被锛氳鏂囥€佹暟瀛︼紙鐞嗭級銆佸璇€?

璇曞嵎

1銆佹爣鍑嗗寲鍒嗗嵎鑰冭瘯锛氬悓涓€绉戠洰璇曞嵎鍒嗕负璇曞嵎(鈪?銆?鈪?涓ら儴鍒嗐€傝瘯鍗?鈪?鐨勭瓟妗堝簲濉秱鍦ㄧ瓟棰樺崱涓婏紝璇曞嵎(鈪?鐨勭瓟妗堝簲濉啓鍦ㄨ瘯鍗?鈪?涓婏紝浜岃€呬笉鑳芥贩娣嗐€傝瘯鍗?鈪?鐨勭瓟妗堥噰鐢ㄨ绠楁満璇勫嵎鏂瑰紡锛岃瘯鍗?鈪?鐨勯噰鐢ㄤ汉宸ラ槄鍗锋柟寮忋€傝€冪敓濡傚皢绛旀鍐欓敊鍦版柟锛屽氨浼氱櫧鐧戒涪鍒嗐€?br /> 2銆佹爣鍑嗗寲鑰冭瘯锛氬悓涓€绉戠洰璇曞嵎涓嶅垎鍗凤紝绛旀鐩存帴濉秱鍦ㄧ瓟棰樺崱涓娿€?

绛旈鍗?

鏍囧噯鍖栧垎鍗疯€冭瘯鎵€鐢ㄧ殑绛旈鍗′负32寮€骞呴潰锛岄噰鐢ㄤ竴棰樹簩鍗″埗锛屽嵆鏈堿銆丅涓ょ鏍煎紡銆傝€冭瘯鏃惰€冪敓涓嶈鐢ㄥ摢绉嶅崱浣滅瓟锛岃瘎鍗风殑缁撴灉閮芥槸涓€鏍风殑銆傛纭~娑傜瓟棰樺崱锛屾槸淇濊瘉璁$畻鏈鸿瘎鍗疯川閲忥紝淇濊瘉鑰冪敓鎴愮哗鍑嗙‘鐨勫墠鎻愩€?br /> 1銆佸鍚嶆爮
璇疯€冪敓鐢ㄩ挗绗旀垨鍦嗙彔绗?/a>濉啓锛岀己鑰冩爣璁扮殑淇℃伅鐐圭敱鐩戣€冨憳缁欑己鑰冪殑鑰冪敓濉秱锛屽弬鍔犺€冭瘯鐨勮€冪敓鍗冧竾涓嶈濉秱銆?br /> 2銆佸噯鑰冭瘉鍙?/span>
鍑嗚€冭瘉鍙锋湁涔濅綅锛岃鑰冪敓灏嗚€冪敓鏈汉鐨勫噯鑰冭瘉鍙风敤閽㈢瑪鎴栧渾鐝犵瑪璁ょ湡鍐欏湪绌虹櫧鏍煎唴锛岀劧鍚庡啀鐢?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=4199668&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">2B閾呯瑪
灏嗗搴旂殑淇℃伅鐐规秱榛戯紝濡傛灉娑傞敊鍑嗚€冭瘉鍙凤紝灏变細褰卞搷鎴愮哗鍜屽綍鍙栥€?br /> 3銆佺鐩?/span>
鏀挎不銆佽鏂囥€佹暟瀛︺€佸璇€佸彶鍦扮患鍚堛€佺悊鍖栫患鍚堛€佸尰瀛︾患鍚堛€佹皯娉曘€佺敓鎬佸鍩虹绛夛紝鑰冪敓鑰冭瘯鏃惰€冨摢绉戝氨鎶婂摢绉戠殑淇℃伅鐐规秱榛戯紝鍗冧竾涓嶈兘娑傞敊锛屽惁鍒欏氨浼氬奖鍝嶈绠楁満璇勫嵎銆?

涓撲笟璇惧姞璇?

鏍规嵁瑙勫畾锛屽姞璇曟槸瀛︽牎鑰冩煡鑰冪敓鏄惁鍏峰涓撲笟瀛︿範鍩虹鐨勯噸瑕佹墜娈点€傝€冪敓濡傛灉鎶ヨ€冧簡鑹烘湳銆佷綋鑲茬被涓撲笟锛屽繀椤诲弬鍔犵敱瀛︽牎缁勭粐鐨勪笓涓氳鍔犺瘯锛屽叾浣欎笓涓氭槸鍚﹀姞璇曠敱瀛︽牎鑷鍐冲畾銆傝€冪敓鍙煡鐪嬨€?013骞存垚浜洪珮绛夊鏍℃嫑鐢熶笓涓氱洰褰曘€嬶紝浜嗚В鎵€鎶ヤ笓涓氶渶瑕佸姞璇曠殑涓撲笟璇惧唴瀹广€備笓涓氳鍔犺瘯鐢辨嫑鐢熷鏍¤嚜琛屽懡棰樸€佽€冭瘯銆佽瘎鍗峰拰鍙戝竷鎴愮哗銆?br /> 褰曞彇鏃讹紝鏈変笓涓氳鍔犺瘯鐨勫鏍′富瑕佹牴鎹笓涓氳鎴愮哗楂樹綆閫夋嫨鑰冪敓锛屽墠鎻愭槸鑰冪敓瑕侀€氳繃鏂囧寲璇剧粺鑰冪殑鏈€浣庢帶鍒剁嚎銆傚鏋滆€冪敓鏈寜瑕佹眰鍙傚姞瀛︽牎缁勭粐鐨勪笓涓氳鍔犺瘯锛屾垨鏈€氳繃瀛︽牎缁勭粐鐨勪笓涓氳鍔犺瘯锛屽嵆浣垮叾鏂囧寲璇捐秴杩囨渶浣庢帶鍒剁嚎锛屽鏍′篃涓嶄細褰曞彇銆?

瀛︿範鏂瑰紡

鎴愪汉楂樿€冨綍鍙栧叆瀛﹀悗锛屽涔犲舰寮忓垎涓轰笁绉嶏細鑴变骇銆佷笟浣欍€佸嚱鎺堛€?

鑴变骇锛堝叏鏃ュ埗锛?/span>锛氬氨鏄弬鍔犲伐浣滃悗鍐嶅幓鏍″唴杩涜鍏ㄦ棩鍒跺涔?/a>鐨勬柟寮忥紝鍏剁鐞嗘ā寮忎笌鏅€氶珮鏍′竴鏍凤紝涓嶅崰鐢ㄥ懆鍏拰鍛ㄦ棩鐨勫伐浼戞椂闂达紝瀵瑰鐢熸湁姝e父鐨勩€佺浉瀵瑰浐瀹氱殑鎺堣鏁欏鍜岀鐞嗚姹傦紝鏈夌ǔ瀹氱殑瀵掓殤鍋囨湡瀹夋帓銆?

涓氫綑锛氫笟浣欏涔犱篃灏辨槸鎴戜滑骞虫椂甯歌鐨勫澶э紝鍦ㄦ櫄涓婃垨鑰呭懆鏈瓑涓氫綑鏃堕棿杩涜瀛︿範銆傝绉嶅涔犳柟寮忕殑鎺堣鍦扮偣涓烘垚鑰冮珮绛夐櫌鏍℃垨瀛︿範涓績锛屾巿璇炬柟寮忎负闈㈡巿锛屽弬鍔犲涔犵殑瀛︾敓鍦ㄤ笂璇剧殑杩囩▼涓繕鍙互鎰熷彈鍒伴泦浣撲笂璇剧殑姘涘洿銆傝绉嶅涔犳柟寮忔瘮杈冮€傚悎涓€浜涙湁鍥哄畾浼戞伅鏃堕棿鐨勫湪鑱屼汉澹弬鍔犮€?

鍑芥巿锛氬嚱鎺堟暀瀛︿富瑕佷互鏈夎鍒掋€佹湁缁勭粐銆佹湁鎸囧鐨勮嚜瀛︿负涓伙紝骞剁粍缁囩郴缁熺殑闆嗕腑闈㈡巿锛屽弬鍔犲嚱鎺堝涔犵殑瀛︾敓骞虫椂浠ヨ嚜瀛︿负涓伙紝闈㈡巿鏃堕棿涓€鑸负鍛ㄦ湯鎴栬€呮櫄涓婇泦涓潰鎺?-10澶╁乏鍙筹紝涓嬪鏈熷紑瀛﹀悗鑰冭瘯銆?

3杩濈邯澶勭悊

缂栬緫

浣滃紛琛屼负

鏍规嵁鍥藉鏁欒偛閮ㄣ€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=6520120&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鍥藉鏁欒偛鑰冭瘯杩濊澶勭悊鍔炴硶銆嬩腑鏈夊叧瑙勫畾锛岃€冪敓涓嶉伒瀹堣€冨満绾緥锛屼笉鏈嶄粠鑰冭瘯宸ヤ綔浜哄憳鐨勫畨鎺掍笌瑕佹眰锛屾湁涓嬪垪琛屼负涔嬩竴鐨勶紝搴斿綋璁ゅ畾涓鸿€冭瘯杩濈邯锛屾牴鎹瀹氬皢鍙栨秷璇ョ鐩殑鑰冭瘯鎴愮哗锛?

锛?锛夋惡甯﹁瀹氫互澶栫殑鐗╁搧杩涘叆鑰冨満鎴栬€呮湭鏀惧湪鎸囧畾浣嶇疆鐨勶紱

锛?锛夋湭鍦ㄨ瀹氱殑搴т綅鍙傚姞鑰冭瘯鐨勶紱

锛?锛夎€冭瘯寮€濮嬩俊鍙峰彂鍑哄墠绛旈鎴栬€呰€冭瘯缁撴潫淇″彿鍙戝嚭鍚庣户缁瓟棰樼殑锛?

锛?锛夊湪鑰冭瘯杩囩▼涓梺绐ャ€佷氦澶存帴鑰炽€佷簰鎵撴殫鍙锋垨鑰呮墜鍔跨殑锛?

锛?锛夊湪鑰冨満鎴栬€呮暀鑲茶€冭瘯鏈烘瀯绂佹鐨勮寖鍥村唴锛屽枾鍝椼€佸惛鐑熸垨鑰呭疄鏂藉叾浠栧奖鍝嶈€冨満绉╁簭鐨勮涓虹殑锛?

锛?锛夋湭缁忚€冭瘯宸ヤ綔浜哄憳鍚屾剰鍦ㄨ€冭瘯杩囩▼涓搮鑷寮€鑰冨満鐨勶紱

锛?锛夊皢璇曞嵎銆佺瓟鍗凤紙鍚瓟棰樺崱銆佺瓟棰樼焊绛夛紝涓嬪悓锛夈€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=8349813&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鑽夌绾?/a>绛夎€冭瘯鐢ㄧ焊甯﹀嚭鑰冨満鐨勶紱

锛?锛夌敤瑙勫畾浠ュ鐨勭瑪鎴栬€呯焊绛旈鎴栬€呭湪璇曞嵎瑙勫畾浠ュ鐨勫湴鏂逛功鍐欏鍚嶃€乕2]鑰冨彿鎴栬€呬互鍏朵粬鏂瑰紡鍦ㄧ瓟鍗蜂笂鏍囪淇℃伅鐨勶紱

锛?锛夊叾浠栬繚鍙嶈€冨満瑙勫垯浣嗗皻鏈瀯鎴愪綔寮婄殑琛屼负銆?

鑰冪敓杩濊儗鑰冭瘯鍏钩銆佸叕姝e師鍒欙紝浠ヤ笉姝e綋鎵嬫鑾峰緱璇曢绛旀锛屾湁涓嬪垪琛屼负涔嬩竴鐨勶紝搴斿綋璁ゅ畾涓鸿€冭瘯浣滃紛锛?/span>

锛?锛夋惡甯︿笌鑰冭瘯鍐呭鐩稿叧鐨勬枃瀛楁潗鏂欐垨鑰呭瓨鍌ㄦ湁涓庤€冭瘯鍐呭鐩稿叧璧勬枡鐨勭數瀛愯澶囧弬鍔犺€冭瘯鐨勶紱

锛?锛夋妱琚垨鑰呭崗鍔╀粬浜烘妱琚瘯棰樼瓟妗堟垨鑰呬笌鑰冭瘯鍐呭鐩稿叧鐨勮祫鏂欑殑锛?

锛?锛夋姠澶恒€佺獌鍙栦粬浜鸿瘯鍗枫€佺瓟鍗锋垨鑰呭己杩粬浜轰负鑷繁鎶勮鎻愪緵鏂逛究鐨勶紱

锛?锛夊湪鑰冭瘯杩囩▼涓娇鐢ㄩ€氳璁惧鐨勶紱

锛?锛夌敱浠栦汉鍐掑悕浠f浛鍙傚姞鑰冭瘯鐨勶紱

锛?锛夋晠鎰忛攢姣佽瘯鍗枫€佺瓟鍗锋垨鑰呰€冭瘯鏉愭枡鐨勶紱

锛?锛夊湪绛斿嵎涓婂~鍐欎笌鏈汉韬唤涓嶇鐨勫鍚嶃€佽€冨彿绛変俊鎭殑锛?

锛?锛変紶銆佹帴鐗╁搧鎴栬€呬氦鎹㈣瘯鍗枫€佺瓟鍗枫€佽崏绋跨焊鐨勶紱

锛?锛夊叾浠栦綔寮婅涓恒€?

鏁欒偛鑰冭瘯鏈烘瀯銆佽€冭瘯宸ヤ綔浜哄憳鍦ㄨ€冭瘯杩囩▼涓垨鑰呭湪鑰冭瘯缁撴潫鍚庡彂鐜颁笅鍒楄涓轰箣涓€鐨勶紝搴斿綋璁ゅ畾鐩稿叧鐨勮€冪敓瀹炴柦浜?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=628855&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鑰冭瘯浣滃紛琛屼负锛?

锛?锛夐€氳繃浼€犺瘉浠躲€佽瘉鏄庛€佹。妗堝強鍏朵粬鏉愭枡鑾峰緱鑰冭瘯璧勬牸鍜岃€冭瘯鎴愮哗鐨勶紱

锛?锛夎瘎鍗疯繃绋嬩腑琚彂鐜板悓涓€绉戠洰鍚屼竴鑰冨満鏈変袱浠戒互涓婏紙鍚袱浠斤級绛斿嵎绛旀闆峰悓鐨勶紱

锛?锛夎€冨満绾緥娣蜂贡銆佽€冭瘯绉╁簭澶辨帶锛屽嚭鐜板ぇ闈㈢Н鑰冭瘯浣滃紛鐜拌薄鐨勶紱

锛?锛夎€冭瘯宸ヤ綔浜哄憳鍗忓姪瀹炴柦浣滃紛琛屼负锛屼簨鍚庢煡瀹炵殑锛?

锛?锛夊叾浠栧簲璁ゅ畾涓轰綔寮婄殑琛屼负銆?

澶勭悊瑙勫畾

1銆佽€冪敓鏈夎€冭瘯杩濈邯琛屼负涔嬩竴鐨勶紝鍙栨秷璇ョ鐩殑鑰冭瘯鎴愮哗銆?

2銆佽€冪敓鏈夎€冭瘯浣滃紛琛屼负涔嬩竴鐨勶紝鍏跺綋娆℃姤鍚嶅弬鍔犺€冭瘯鐨勫悇绉戞垚缁╂棤鏁堬紱鑰冪敓浠ヤ綔寮婅涓鸿幏寰楃殑鑰冭瘯鎴愮哗骞剁敱姝ゅ彇寰楃浉搴旂殑瀛︿綅璇佷功銆佸鍘嗚瘉涔﹀強鍏朵粬瀛︿笟璇佷功銆佽祫鏍艰祫璐ㄨ瘉涔︽垨鑰呭叆瀛﹁祫鏍肩殑锛岀敱璇佷功棰佸彂鏈哄叧瀹e竷璇佷功鏃犳晥锛岃矗浠ゆ敹鍥炶瘉涔︽垨鑰呬簣浠ユ病鏀讹紱宸茬粡琚綍鍙栨垨鑰呭叆瀛︾殑锛岀敱褰曞彇瀛︽牎鍙栨秷褰曞彇璧勬牸鎴栬€呭叾瀛︾睄銆?

3銆佷唬鏇夸粬浜烘垨鐢变粬浜轰唬鏇垮弬鍔?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=178456271&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鍥藉鏁欒偛鑰冭瘯锛屾槸鍦ㄦ牎鐢熺殑锛岀敱鎵€鍦ㄥ鏍℃寜鏈夊叧瑙勫畾涓ヨ們澶勭悊锛岀洿鑷冲紑闄ゅ绫嶏紱鍏朵粬浜哄憳锛岀敱鏁欒偛鑰冭瘯鏈烘瀯寤鸿鍏舵墍鍦ㄥ崟浣嶇粰浜堣鏀垮鍒嗭紝鐩磋嚦寮€闄ゆ垨瑙h仒锛屾暀鑲茶€冭瘯鏈烘瀯鎸夌収浣滃紛琛屼负璁板綍骞跺悜鏈夊叧鍗曚綅鍏紑鍏朵釜浜哄熀鏈俊鎭€?

鏂扮敓澶嶆煡

鏂扮敓鍏ュ鍚庯紝鎷涚敓闄㈡牎瑕佸宸叉姤鍒版柊鐢熻繘琛屽叏闈㈠鏌ワ紝瀵逛簬涓嶇鍚堝綍鍙栨潯浠舵垨寮勮櫄浣滃亣銆佽繚绾垶寮婅€咃紝搴斿彇娑堝叾鍏ュ璧勬牸锛屽苟鎶ラ珮鎷涘姙澶囨銆?

4姣曚笟寰呴亣

缂栬緫

鎴愪汉楂樿€冩瘯涓氬緟閬?/span>锛?

1銆佸氨涓氾細鍚屾櫘閫氶珮鏍″悓绫绘瘯涓氱敓鍏锋湁鐩稿悓寰呴亣銆傝澶氬崟浣嶆嫑鑱橀兘瑕佹眰鏈浠ヤ笂瀛﹀巻锛岀敱浜庡鍘嗗師鍥狅紝浼氫抚澶辫澶氱悊鎯崇殑宸ヤ綔鏈轰細銆?

2銆佸伐璧勫緟閬囷細涓浗鍥藉鏈哄叧鍜屼簨涓氬崟浣嶅熀鏈兘鏄寜鐓у鍘嗗畾宸ヨ祫锛屾湰绉戝伐璧勬瘮涓撶宸ヨ祫楂樹竴妗f锛岃緝瑙勮寖鐨勪紒涓氫篃鏄寜瀛﹀巻瀹氬伐璧勶紝鑰屼笖鏈浠ヤ笂鐨勫閲戝拰鎻愬崌鏈轰細閮芥瘮涓撶鐩稿澶氫竴浜涖€?

3銆佷汉浜嬫敼闈╋細璁稿鍗曚綅锛堝挨鍏舵槸鍥藉鏈哄叧鍜屼簨涓氬崟浣嶏級鎻愭嫈骞查儴銆佺珵閫夐瀵煎熀鏈潯浠堕兘鏄湰绉戜互涓婂鍘嗭紝涓撶鐢熷嵆浣垮畬鍏ㄥ彲浠ヨ儨浠诲伐浣滐紝鍗寸敱浜庡鍘嗛棶棰樻病鏈夌珵閫夎祫鏍硷紝鏅€氶珮绛夋暀鑲?/a>涓撶浠ヤ笅鍗充娇鎵惧埌宸ヤ綔锛屽湪浠ュ悗鐨勫伐浣滀腑鍙兘闈复涓嬪矖澶变笟鐨勫嵄闄┿€?

4銆佽亴绉拌瘎瀹氾細濡備粖鍚勭被鑱岀О璇勫畾鍑犱箮閮戒笌瀛﹀巻鎸傞挬锛屽湪璇勫畾楂樼骇鑱岀О鏃朵笓绉戜互涓嬪熀鏈笂娌℃湁鏈轰細锛岃€屽湪璁稿鐨勫崟浣嶇殑涓荤棰嗗鍑犱箮閮芥槸鐢遍珮绾ц亴绉扮殑浜烘媴浠荤殑锛屾病鏈夐珮绾ц亴绉颁細澶卞幓璁稿褰撲富绠¢瀵肩殑鏈轰細锛岃€屾病鏈夋湰绉戯紝鍙堜細澶卞幓璇勯珮绾ц亴绉扮殑鏈轰細銆?

6銆佽€冪爺锛氭湁浜嗘湰绉戝鍘嗭紝涓嶉渶瀛︿綅璇?/a>锛屽氨鍙互鐩存帴鎶ヨ€冨叏鍥?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=7845288&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">缁熸嫑鐮旂┒鐢?/a>锛岃€屼笓绉戠敓鍙兘鍦ㄤ笓绉戞瘯涓氭弧涓ゅ勾鍚庝互鍚岀瓑瀛﹀巻鎶ヨ€冪爺绌剁敓銆?

7銆佽€冩墽涓氳瘉涔︼細璁稿鍥藉鑱屼笟璧勬牸璇侀兘瑕佹眰澶т笓浠ヤ笂瀛﹀巻锛屽鍦ㄥ緥甯堛€佸吔鍖汇€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=806774&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鑽墏甯?/a>鍜岀數姘斿笀绛夎€冭瘯鐨勬姤鍚嶆潯浠惰姹傚繀椤绘槸鐩稿叧涓撲笟澶т笓浠ヤ笂瀛﹀巻銆?

8銆佺暀瀛︼細2015骞村幓鍔犳嬁澶ч瓉鍖楀厠鐣欏锛屽彲浠ュ嚟鍊熸垚浜哄鍘嗙洿鎺ヨ鏇撮珮涓€绾у鍘嗭紝浼氳妭鐪佸緢澶氭椂闂村拰璐圭敤銆?

5瀛﹀巻璁ゅ彲

缂栬緫

瀛︿綅

鎴愪汉楂樿€冨浣嶈瘉涔︽牱鏈?/span>搴斿眾鏈姣曚笟鐢熺敱瀛︾敓鏈汉浜庡綋骞?鏈堛€?鏈堜唤鎻愬嚭鐢宠锛屽悇闄㈢郴锛堝嚱鎺堢珯銆佹牎澶栧涔犱腑蹇冿級濉啓瀛︿綅鐢宠琛紝浜?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=63164020&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">杩滅▼涓庣户缁暀鑲插闄?/a>杩涜璧勬牸瀹℃煡锛屽璧勬牸瀹℃煡閫氳繃鑰咃紝鐢辫繙绋嬩笌缁х画鏁欒偛瀛﹂櫌鎻愬嚭寤鸿鎺堜簣瀛︿綅鐨勫悕鍗曪紝鍒嗗埆浜庡綋骞?鏈堜腑鏃€?鏈堝簳鍓嶅皢瀹″畾鍚嶅崟鎻愪氦鏁欏姟澶勶紝鏁欏姟澶勫鏍稿悗鎶ュ鏍″浣嶈瘎瀹氬鍛樹細瀹℃壒銆傚瀹℃壒閫氳繃鑰呴鍙戦珮绛夋暀鑲?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=7872255&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">瀛﹀+瀛︿綅璇佷功銆?

6鐓ч【鏀跨瓥

缂栬緫

鎴愪汉楂樿€冩嫑鐢熷綍鍙栧綍鍙栦笁鐓ч【锛氬厤璇曞叆瀛︺€佸姞鍒嗘姇妗c€侀檷鍒嗗綍鍙?

鍔犲垎鎶曟。

杩愬姩鍋ュ皢鍜屾鏈」鐩?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=70313444&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">姝﹁嫳绾?/a>杩愬姩鍛?/a>绉板彿鑾峰緱鑰咃紝鍙姞50鍒嗘姇妗o紝涓€绾ц繍鍔ㄥ憳鍙姞30鍒嗐€?

绗﹀悎涓嬪垪鏉′欢涔嬩竴鐨勮€冪敓锛屽彲鍔?0鍒嗘姇妗o細骞存弧25鍛ㄥ瞾浠ヤ笂浜哄憳锛涜幏鍦板競绾т互涓?鍚湴甯傜骇)浜烘皯鏀垮簻锛屽浗鍔¢櫌鍚勯儴濮斿強鍚勭渷(鑷不鍖恒€佺洿杈栧競)鍘呫€佸眬绯荤粺锛屽浗瀹剁壒澶у瀷浼佷笟鎺堜簣鐨勫姵鍔ㄦā鑼冦€佸厛杩涚敓浜?宸ヤ綔)鑰呭強绉戞妧杩涙(鎴愭灉)濂栬幏寰楄€咃紱鑾风渷绾у伐銆侀潚銆佸绛夌粍缁囨巿浜堢殑"浜斾竴鍔冲姩濂栫珷"銆?鏂伴暱寰佺獊鍑绘墜"銆?涓夊叓绾㈡棗鎵?/a>"绉板彿鑰咃紱瑙f斁鍐涖€佹璀﹂儴闃熴€佸叕瀹夊共璀﹁崳绔嬩釜浜轰笁绛夊姛浠ヤ笂鑰咃紱褰掍鲸銆佸綊渚ㄥ瓙濂炽€佸崕渚ㄥ瓙濂炽€佸彴婀剧渷绫嶈€冪敓锛涚儓澹瓙濂炽€佺儓澹厤鍋讹紱杈圭枂銆佸北鍖恒€佺墽鍖哄拰灏戞暟姘戞棌鑱氬眳鍦板尯鐨勫皯鏁版皯鏃忚€冪敓銆佸浗闃茬鎶€宸ヤ笟涓夌嚎浼佷笟鍗曚綅(鍦板鍦板競浠ヤ笂浜烘皯鏀垮簻鎵€鍦ㄥ湴鐨勯櫎澶?鑾峰緱浼佷笟琛ㄥ桨鐨勫厛杩涚敓浜?宸ヤ綔)鑰呫€?

鑷皨鑱屼笟鐨勫煄闀囬€€褰瑰+鍏碉紝鍙姞10鍒嗘姇妗o紝鏄惁褰曞彇鐢辨嫑鐢熷鏍$‘瀹氥€?

绗﹀悎鐓ч【鏀跨瓥鐨勮€冪敓锛岄』浜庢姤鍚嶆椂浜ら獙鍘熷璇佷欢锛岀鍚堜袱椤逛互涓婄収椤炬斂绛栫殑鑰冪敓锛岀収椤惧垎鏁颁笉绱銆?

闄嶅垎褰曞彇

鍐溿€佹灄銆佹按鍒┿€佸湴璐ㄣ€佺熆涓氥€佸叕瀹夈€佺洃鎵€銆佹祴缁樸€佽繙娲嬭繍杈撱€佺ぞ浼氱鍒╃瓑涓撲笟锛屽湪涓婄嚎鐢熸簮涓嶈冻鏃跺彲閫傚綋闄嶅垎鎶曟。锛岄檷鍒嗗箙搴︽渶澶氫笉瓒呰繃20鍒嗐€?

鍏嶈瘯鍏ュ

1.鍏嶈瘯鍏ュ鑼冨洿

鑾峰緱"鍏ㄥ浗鍔冲姩妯¤寖"銆?鍏ㄥ浗鍏堣繘宸ヤ綔鑰?绉板彿锛?鍏ㄥ浗'浜斾竴'鍔冲姩濂栫珷"鑾峰緱鑰咃紝鍙厤璇曞叆瀛︺€?

鍙厤璇曞叆瀛︾殑杩樻湁濂ヨ繍浼?/a>銆佷笘鐣屾澂璧涘拰涓栫晫閿︽爣璧?/a>鐨勫ゥ杩愬墠鍏悕锛岄潪濂ヨ繍鍓嶅叚鍚嶏紱浜氳繍浼氥€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=51129&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">浜氭床鏉?/a>璧涘拰浜氭床閿︽爣璧涚殑濂ヨ繍鍓嶅叚鍚嶏紝闈炲ゥ杩愬墠涓夊悕锛涘叏杩愪細銆佸叏鍥介敠鏍囪禌鍜屽叏鍥藉啝鍐涜禌鐨勫ゥ杩愬墠涓夊悕锛岄潪濂ヨ繍椤圭洰鍐犲啗鑾峰緱鑰呫€?

缁忔湰浜虹敵璇凤紝骞跺嚭鍏风渷绾т綋鑲茶鏀块儴闂ㄥ鏍哥殑銆婁紭绉€杩愬姩鍛樼敵璇峰厤璇曡繘鍏ユ垚浜洪珮绛夊鏍″涔犳帹鑽愯〃銆?鍥藉浣撹偛鎬诲眬鐩戝埗)锛岀粡鐪佹垚鎷涘姙瀹℃牳锛屾嫑鐢熷鏍″悓鎰忥紝鍙厤璇曞叆瀛︺€?

鍙傜収鏁欒偛閮ㄣ€婃櫘閫氶珮鑱岋紙涓撶锛夋瘯涓氱敓鏈嶄箟鍔″叺褰归€€褰瑰拰鈥滀笅鍩哄眰鈥濇湇鍔℃湡婊″悗鎺ュ彈鎴愪汉鏈鏁欒偛鎷涚敓鍔炴硶锛堣瘯琛岋級銆嬶紙鏁欏鍘匸2009]6鍙凤級鐨勮姹傦紝鏅€氶珮鑱岋紙涓撶锛夋湇鍏靛焦鍜屸€滀笅鍩哄眰鈥濇瘯涓氱敓锛屽嚟韬唤璇併€佹櫘閫氶珮鑱岋紙涓撶锛夋瘯涓氳瘉銆佸+鍏甸€€浼嶈瘉鍜屾帴鏀跺湴姘戞斂灞€鐨?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=354953&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">璇佹槑淇?/a>銆佲€滀笅鍩哄眰鈥濈浉鍏抽」鐩€冩牳璇佹槑锛屽彲鐢宠鍏嶈瘯灏辫鎵€鍦ㄧ渷锛堝尯銆佸競锛夌殑鎴愪汉楂樻牎涓撳崌鏈€傜粡鐪佹暀鑲叉嫑鐢?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=432670&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鑰冭瘯闄?/a>瀹℃牳锛屾嫑鐢熷鏍″悓鎰忥紝鍙厤璇曞叆瀛︺€?

2.鍏嶈瘯鍏ュ鎵嬬画

鍏ㄥ浗鍔冲姩妯¤寖鍏嶈瘯鍏ュ锛氭寔鏈汉韬唤璇併€佸姵妯¤瘉涔﹀師浠跺拰澶嶅嵃浠?B5澶嶅嵃绾?;鍙婃姤鍚嶈祫鏂欒垂鍜屾墜缁垂锛屽埌鑰冭瘯闄㈡垚鎷涘姙鍔炵悊鐢宠鎵嬬画銆?

浼樼杩愬姩鍛樺厤璇曞叆瀛︼細搴斿厛鍒版墍鎶ュ鏍$‘璁ゅ悗锛岄』鎸佹湰浜?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=51129911&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">灞呮皯韬唤璇?/a>(鍦ㄤ含涓存椂宸ヤ綔鐨勮繕闇€鎸佸湪浜?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=1641958&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鏆備綇璇?/a>)锛屾姤鑰冧笓鍗囨湰鐨勮€冪敓锛岃繕蹇呴』鎼哄甫缁撲笟璇佷功鍘熶欢鍜屽鍗颁欢(B5澶嶅嵃绾?锛岄櫎姝ゆ甯告墜缁锛岃繕闇€鍑哄叿鐪佺骇浣撹偛琛屾斂閮ㄩ棬鐨勩€婁紭绉€杩愬姩鍛樼敵璇峰厤璇曡繘鍏ユ垚浜洪珮绛夊鏍″涔犳帹鑽愯〃銆?璇ヨ〃鐢卞浗瀹朵綋鑲叉€诲眬鐩戝埗)锛屽強鎶ュ悕璧勬枡璐瑰拰鎵嬬画璐癸紝鍒拌€冭瘯闄㈡垚鎷涘姙鍔炵悊鎶ュ悕鎵嬬画銆?

娉細鎶ュ悕鎵嬬画蹇呴』鐢辫€冪敓鏈汉鍔炵悊锛岄噰鐢ㄥ満鎽勫儚鏂瑰紡閲囬泦鑰冪敓澶村儚淇℃伅銆?

7蹇楁効濉姤

缂栬緫

闄㈡牎閫夋嫨

涓庡叾浠栧悇绉嶇被鍨嬬殑瀛︽牎涓€鏍凤紝閫夋嫨鎴愪汉楂樼瓑瀛﹂櫌棣栧厛瑕佺湅鍏跺笀璧勫姏閲忓浣曪紝鏄惁鏈変笓涓氱殑鏁欐巿鎴愭暀璇剧▼鐨勮€佸笀锛涘叾娆¤鐪嬪叾鎴愪汉楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鏄惁鏈夌嫭绔嬬殑瀛﹂櫌缂栧埗锛涚涓夎瀵瑰鏍¤繘琛屽疄鍦拌€冨療锛岀湅鍏舵暀瀛︾殑纭欢璁炬柦鏄惁榻愬锛涚鍥涜灏介噺閫夋嫨閭d簺姣旇緝鏈夊悕鐨勶紝鎴栬€呭姙瀛︽椂闂存瘮杈冮暱鐨勫鏍℃姤鑰冦€?

姝ゅ锛岃繕瑕佺湅鍏舵槸鍚︽槸涓€鎵€绠$悊涓ユ牸鐨勫鏍°€傚洜涓烘垚浜洪珮绛夋暀鑲插闄㈣嚜韬叿澶囬鍙戝鍘嗚瘉涔︾殑璧勬牸锛屾墍浠ユ湁浜涢櫌鏍″氨鎵撳嚭瀹规槗鎷垮埌姣曚笟璇佷功鐨勬棗鍙疯繘琛屾嫑鐢熴€備絾涓€鑸繖绫诲鏍$殑绀句細鍙g涓嶅ソ锛岀敤浜哄崟浣嶄笉璁ゅ彲浠栦滑鐨勬瘯涓氱敓銆傚鐢熷湪閫夋嫨鎴愪汉楂樼瓑瀛︽牎鏃讹紝瀛︿範鎬佸害瑕佽皟鏁村ソ锛屾槸涓轰簡鎻愰珮鑷韩鐭ヨ瘑鍜岃兘鍔涙按骞虫墠鍙傚姞鎴愯€冿紝鎺ュ彈鎴愪汉楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鐨勩€傞€夋嫨绠$悊涓ユ牸鐨勫鏍★紝涓嶄粎鍙互淇濊瘉瀛︾敓鍦ㄦ牎鏈熼棿鑾峰緱鎵庡疄鐨勭煡璇嗗熀纭€鍜岀浉搴旂殑涓撲笟鎶€鑳斤紝鑰屼笖鍏剁ぞ浼氬彛纰戝緢濂斤紝鑳藉寰楀埌寰堝鐢ㄤ汉鍗曚綅鐨勮鍙紝鏂囧嚟鐨勫惈閲戦噺鑷劧寰堥珮銆?

鑰冪敓濉姤

姣忎釜鑰冪敓鍙~鎶?鑷?涓鏍″織鎰匡紝姣忎釜瀛︽牎鍙€夋姤1鑷?涓笓涓氬織鎰裤€傚鏋滃~鎶ヤ簩涓織鎰匡紝涓嶅緱璺ㄧ绫诲吋鎶ワ紝鍗宠淇濇寔鎵€鎶ュ織鎰跨殑绉戠被涓€鑷淬€佽€冭瘯绉戠洰鐩稿悓銆?

1锛庢姤鑰冮珮涓捣鐐瑰崌涓撶锛氳€冪敓鍙互濉姤涓変釜瀛︿範褰㈠紡鍜屼笓涓氱绫荤浉鍚岀殑楂樿亴锛堥珮涓擄級蹇楁効銆?

2锛庢姤鑰冮珮涓捣鐐瑰崌鏈锛氳€冪敓鍦ㄥ~鎶ヤ笁涓涔犲舰寮忓拰涓撲笟绉戠被鐩稿悓鐨勬湰绉戝織鎰垮悗锛岃繕鍙互濉姤涓変釜绉戠被鐩稿悓鐨勯珮鑱岋紙楂樹笓锛夊織鎰裤€?

3锛庢姤鑰冧笓绉戣捣鐐瑰崌鏈锛氳€冪敓鍙互濉姤涓変釜瀛︿範褰㈠紡鍜屼笓涓氱绫荤浉鍚岀殑鏈蹇楁効銆?

4锛庝负浜嗙粰鑰冪敓鎻愪緵鏇村鐨勬眰瀛︽満浼氾紝鍦ㄦ湰绉戝拰涓撶蹇楁効鍚庤繕璁句簡涓ら」璋冨墏鎰忓悜閫夋嫨銆?

5锛庡嚒鎶ヨ€冭壓鏈被銆佷綋鑲茬被涓撲笟鐨勫繀椤讳负绗竴蹇楁効锛屽惁鍒欒蹇楁効鏃犳晥銆?

鎴愪汉楂樿€冪殑褰曞彇宸ヤ綔閲囧彇鍒嗘壒褰曞彇鐨勫姙娉曪紝鍗宠壓鏈€佷綋鑲茬被涓撲笟鍙傚姞绗竴鎵瑰綍鍙栵紝楂樹腑璧风偣鏈銆佷笓鍗囨湰涓撲笟鍙傚姞绗簩鎵瑰綍鍙栵紝楂樹腑璧风偣涓撶鍙傚姞绗笁鎵瑰綍鍙?/a>銆傚綍鍙栦腑锛屽悇鎵瑰綍鍙栧伐浣滀笉浼氬奖鍝嶅埌鍏朵粬鎵规褰曞彇銆?

灏遍珮涓捣鐐硅€冪敓鑰岃█锛屽鑹烘湳銆佷綋鑲茬被涓撲笟娌¤褰曞彇锛屼笉浼氬奖鍝嶅埌鏈鎴栦笓绉戜笓涓氱殑褰曞彇锛涘悓鏍凤紝濉姤涓撶涓旂鍚堝綍鍙栨潯浠剁殑鑰冪敓锛屼篃涓嶄細鍥犱负濉姤鏈蹇楁効鑰屽彈鍒板奖鍝嶃€傚湪濉織鎰?/a>鐨勮繃绋嬩腑锛岃€冪敓瑕佹敞鎰忔纭尯鍒織鎰跨殑绫诲埆銆傛湁鐨勮€冪敓鎯虫姤鑹烘湳绫绘湰绉戜笓涓氾紝浣嗗嵈濉湪"楂樹腑璧风偣鏈闈炶壓鏈綋鑲?鏍忓唴锛岃繖瀹為檯涓婃氮璐逛簡涓€娆″疂璐电殑鏈轰細銆?

绗竴蹇楁効閲嶈锛岀浜屽織鎰垮拰璋冨墏蹇楁効涔熶笉鑳借交瑙嗐€傚湪蹇楁効琛ㄤ笂锛屾瘡鎵瑰綍鍙栭櫌鏍¤€冪敓鍙互閫夋姤涓や釜蹇楁効锛屾瘡涓綍鍙栭櫌鏍★紝鍙~涓や釜涓撲笟锛屽彟澶栵紝杩樿璁′簡"鎵€濉織鎰挎湭琚綍鍙栨槸鍚﹀悓鎰忚皟鍓?鍜?鍚屾剰璋冨墏鐨勬潯浠?鏍忋€傝€冪敓蹇呴』鎱庨噸閫夋嫨绗竴蹇楁効锛岄噸瑙嗙浜屽織鎰垮拰璋冨墏蹇楁効鐨勯€夋嫨銆傚悓鏃惰繕瑕佹敞鎰忔媺寮€绗竴銆佺浜屽織鎰块棿鐨勫樊璺濄€?

鍦ㄥ~鍐欒皟鍓傚綍鍙栨爮鏃讹紝鑰冪敓棣栧厛搴旀槑鐧借皟鍓傛爮鐨勫唴瀹瑰拰鍚箟銆傚織鎰胯〃涓婏紝"鎵€濉織鎰挎湭琚綍鍙栨槸鍚﹀悓鎰忚皟鍓?鐨勫惈涔夋槸鑰冪敓鎵€鎶ュ織鎰垮鏍℃湭琚綍鍙栨椂锛屾槸鍚﹀悓鎰忚皟鍓傚埌鍏朵粬闄㈡牎锛?鍚屾剰璋冨墏鐨勬潯浠?鐨勫惈涔夋槸鑰冪敓鎵€鎶ュ織鎰挎湭琚綍鍙栨椂锛屽鍚屾剰璋冨墏褰曞彇锛屾槸鍚屾剰璋冨墏鍒?鐩稿悓瀛︿範褰㈠紡"锛岃繕鏄?鐩歌繎涓撲笟"鎴?灏辫繎瀛︽牎".瀵逛簬娌℃湁鐗规畩瑕佹眰鐨勮€冪敓鑰岃█锛岄鍏堝簲鍦?鎵€濉織鎰挎湭琚綍鍙栨槸鍚﹀悓鎰忚皟鍓?鍐呴€夋嫨"鍚屾剰"鏍忥紝鑰?鍚屾剰璋冨墏鐨勬潯浠?鍐呬笉浣滀换浣曢€夋嫨銆?

涓€鑸€冭瘯绉戠洰鐩稿悓鐨勪笓涓氾紝鍙互鍏兼姤锛屼絾鎶ラ珮鑱屼笉鑳藉吋鎶ヤ笓绉戙€傞珮涓捣鐐规湰绉戝彲浠ュ吋鎶ヤ笓绉戝璇€佸缁忚锤绫荤殑涓撲笟銆?

濉姤寤鸿

濡傛灉鏃㈡兂鎶ユ湰绉戯紝鍙堟兂鎶ヤ笓绉戞椂锛屽缓璁€冪敓鍏堟姤鏈锛屽悗涓撶锛屽洜涓哄綍鍙栨椂锛屽厛褰曟湰绉戯紝鍚庡綍涓撶锛屽鏋滃€掔潃鎶ワ紝涓囦竴鑰冨垎楂樹簡锛屾湰绉戝氨鏃犳硶褰曞彇浜嗐€?

濉姤蹇楁効鏃讹紝杩樿娉ㄦ剰涓€蹇楁効鍜屼簩蹇楁効鍏崇郴銆傚綍鍙栨椂锛屽寳浜競鎴愭嫑鍔炶瀹氾紝浠庣涓€蹇楁効楂樺垎鍒颁綆鍒嗗綍鍙栵紝涓€蹇楁効鏈綍婊$殑鎯呭喌涓嬶紝鍙互鑰冭檻绗簩蹇楁効銆傚鏋滅涓€蹇楁効褰曟弧浜嗭紝鍒欑浜屽織鎰夸笉浜堝綍鍙栥€傛墍浠ヨ鍦ㄥ~鎶ュ織鎰挎椂锛屼竴瀹氳鑰冭檻瀛︽牎鐨勫笀璧勬儏鍐点€佹嫑鐢熷悕棰濈瓑鍥犵礌銆?

鍐嶆湁灏辨槸鑹烘湳绫昏€冪敓涓嶈兘鍏兼姤鏂囧彶绫伙紝涓撳崌鏈€冪敓涓€瀹氳娉ㄦ剰绉戠被闂锛岃法绫昏€冪敓涓嶈兘璋冨墏褰曞彇銆傝繖鍦ㄤ互寰€鐨勮€冭瘯鎶ュ悕涓紝涔熺粡甯告湁鑰冪敓濉敊銆?

閬垮厤璇姤

鑰冪敓瑕佷粩缁嗛槄璇诲浼犳潗鏂欎腑鐨勬瘡涓€椤癸紝鐞嗚В鍚勭被绗﹀彿浠h〃鐨勫唴瀹瑰惈涔夛紝閬垮厤鍥犻敊濉€屾氮璐瑰織鎰裤€傘€婃嫑鐢熶笓涓氱洰褰曘€嬩笓涓氬悗闈㈡敞鏄庣殑鍐呭锛屽挨鍏惰浠旂粏鏌ョ湅锛屽闄愭嫑銆佺郴缁熷唴濮斿煿鐨勪笓涓氫笉鑳藉~鎶ワ紝閬垮厤娴垂蹇楁効銆?

涓€鑸鏍℃嫑鐢熶笓涓氬悗娉ㄦ槑鎴?濮旀墭鍩瑰吇"銆?瀹氬悜鎷涚敓"鐨勬湁鐢熸簮鑼冨洿銆傝澶氬鏍$殑瀹氬悜鐢?/a>锛堟垨濮斿煿鐢?/a>锛変笉瀵圭ぞ浼氭嫑鐢熴€傚彟澶栧儚鍖椾含澶у銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=92254&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鍖椾含甯堣寖澶у銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=78022&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">涓浗浜烘皯澶у銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=36972&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">涓ぎ璐㈢粡澶у绛夊悕鐗屽ぇ瀛﹀叏鏃ュ埗鑴变骇瀛﹀巻鐝涓嶅悜绀句細鎷涚敓锛屼竴鑸负浼佷笟濮斿煿鎴栧畾鍚戞嫑鐢熴€傝繖浜涢兘鏄€冪敓瑕佷簡瑙g殑銆傛湁浜涜壓鏈€佷綋鑲层€佸尰绫绘嫑鐢熶笓涓氬鍗曠鎴愮哗鎴栬韩浣撶礌璐ㄦ湁鐗规畩瑕佹眰锛屽鏈夐檺鎶ユ潯浠剁殑涓撲笟锛岃€冪敓涓€瀹氳鐪嬫竻妤氾紝浠ュ厤璇姤銆?

鑰冪敓濉姤鐨勫鏍″拰涓撲笟閮借鏈夊悎鐞嗙殑姊害锛岃鎱庨噸閫夋嫨绗竴蹇楁効瀛︽牎锛屽~濂界涓€蹇楁効鑷冲叧閲嶈锛岀涓€蹇楁効鏄€冪敓鎻愰珮褰曞彇鎴愬姛鐜囩殑鍏抽敭锛岀涓€蹇楁効鍙€夋姤鑷繁鏈€鎯冲涔犵殑涓撲笟鍜屽鏍★紱閬垮厤鍚屼竴灞傛鐨勫織鎰夸簰鐩?閲嶅彔".濉姤蹇楁効鏃跺挨鍏朵笉鑳芥妸澶氬勾鏉ユ姤鍚嶄汉鏁板銆佸綍鍙栧垎鏁伴珮鐨勯櫌鏍℃垨涓撲笟骞跺垪璧锋潵锛屽惁鍒欓潪绗竴蹇楁効灏嗕笉璧蜂綔鐢ㄣ€備緥濡備竴涓€冪敓灏嗗寳澶栥€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=36960&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鍖楄銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=54687&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">澶栦氦瀛﹂櫌銆佸澶栫粡璐稿ぇ銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=51149&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">棣栧笀澶?/a>銆佷簩澶栫瓑骞跺垪鑰冭檻锛岃繖灏辩瓑浜庢氮璐瑰織鎰匡紝鍥犱负杩欎簺闄㈡牎鍚屽睘涓€涓。娆°€?

绗簩蹇楁効鍦ㄥ綍鍙栦腑鐨勪綔鐢ㄨ繙涓嶈兘涓庣涓€蹇楁効鐩告瘮銆備絾鏄紝缁濅笉搴旂敱姝よ€岃交瑙嗗~鎶ョ浜屽織鎰跨殑鎰忎箟銆傜敱浜庡鏍″織鎰垮垎甯冪殑涓嶅钩琛℃€э紝姣忓勾鎬绘湁浜涢櫌鏍$殑绗竴蹇楁効鏃犳硶褰曞彇婊¢锛岄渶瑕佽皟闃呯浜屽織鎰跨敋鑷宠皟闃呰皟鍓傚織鎰胯€冪敓鐨勬。妗堛€備竾涓€鑰冭瘯鑰冪敓鍙戞尌鏈夊け姘村噯锛岀浜屽織鎰垮氨璧蜂綔鐢ㄤ簡銆傚洜姝わ紝鑰冪敓鍙皢绗簩蹇楁効浣滀负淇濆簳蹇楁効锛岃浠旂粏鏂熼厡銆佹厧閲嶈惤绗斻€?

涓撲笟鍏兼姤

瀵逛簬杩欎釜闂锛屾垜浠鍏堝簲鎺屾彙杩欐牱涓€鏉℃€荤殑鍘熷垯锛屽氨鏄湪鐩稿悓灞傛涓紝鐩稿悓鑰冭瘯绉戠洰鐨勪笓涓氬彲浠ュ吋鎶ャ€傚叿浣撳埌2005骞寸殑鎷涚敓鏀跨瓥鏄繖鏍疯瀹氱殑锛?

1銆侀珮涓捣鐐瑰崌鏈€佷笓绉戞枃鍙茬被銆佺悊宸ョ被涓撲笟涓嶈兘鍏兼姤銆?

2銆侀珮涓捣鐐瑰崌鏈涓撲笟鍙互鍏兼姤楂樹腑璧风偣鍗囦笓绉戯紙楂樿亴锛変笓涓氥€?

3銆佸叕瀹夌被鎴愪汉楂樻牎鐨勫叏閮ㄤ笓涓氥€佸尰瀛︼紙涓尰瀛︾被銆佽嵂瀛︾被绛変袱涓竴绾у绉戦櫎澶栵級銆佷腑鍖昏嵂鍜?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=95205&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">涓ぎ鍙告硶璀﹀畼鏁欒偛瀛﹂櫌鐨勭洃鐙辩鐞嗐€佸姵鏁欑鐞嗕笓涓氫笉鑳界浉浜掑吋鎶ワ紝浣嗗彲鍏兼姤鏂囧彶鎴栫悊宸ョ被涓枃鍖栬鑰冭瘯绉戠洰鐩稿悓鐨勪笓涓氥€?

4銆佸湪楂樹腑璧风偣鏈€佷笓绉戜笓涓氫腑锛屾姤鑰冭壓鏈被涓撲笟鐨勶紝鍙互鍏兼姤鏂囧彶绫讳笓涓氾紱鎶ヨ€冧綋鑲茬被涓撲笟鐨勶紝鍙互鍏兼姤鐞嗗伐绫讳笓涓氥€?

5銆佷笓绉戣捣鐐瑰崌鏈鍙兘鍦ㄧ粺鑰冭€冭瘯绉戠洰鐩稿悓鐨勪笓涓氫腑鍏兼姤銆?

鎶ヨ€冮珮鑱岋紙楂樹笓锛夊拰涓撳崌鏈笓涓氾紝鍙兘鍦ㄧ粺鑰冭€冭瘯绉戠洰鐩稿悓鐨勪笓涓氫腑鍏兼姤銆傞珮璧锋湰鍙互鍏兼姤楂樿亴锛堥珮涓擄級銆傛姤鑰冭壓鏈被涓撲笟锛屽彲浠ュ吋鎶ユ枃鍙茬被涓撲笟锛涙姤鑰冧綋鑲茬被涓撲笟锛屽彲浠ュ吋鎶ョ悊宸ョ被涓撲笟銆?

閫夋嫨涓撲笟

涓€鑸垚鑰冩姤鍚嶄腑鐞嗙闆嗕腑鍦ㄩ€氫俊銆佺數瀛愩€佽绠楁満绛変笓涓氾紝鏂囩闆嗕腑鍦ㄥ璇€佽储浼氥€佺粡娴庛€佹硶寰嬬瓑涓撲笟銆傛垚浜洪珮鑰冨鏍′笉鍒嗙被鍒紝鎵€鏈夊垎鏁扮嚎閮芥槸涓€鏍风殑锛岀壒鍒儹鐨勫鏍℃牴鎹笓涓氱儹搴︿笉鍚屾嫑鐢熻鍒掍笉鍚屻€傞噸鐐归櫌鏍°€佺儹闂ㄤ笓涓氬鏋滆€冪敓鍒氬垰涓婄嚎椋庨櫓杈冨ぇ閫夋姤鏃惰鎱庨噸鑰冭檻銆傝€冪敓鎶ュ悕鏃惰浠ュ疄鐢ㄣ€佸疄闄呬负涓伙紝閲嶈鐨勬槸瀛﹀埌瀹炵敤鐭ヨ瘑鑰屼笉鏄攢姣旇窡椋庛€?

楂樹腑璧风偣鏈鑰冪敓锛屽彲浠ュ悓鏃堕€夋姤涓撶锛岄€変笓绉戜笓涓氭椂鑰冪敓鍙互閫夋嫨杈冨ソ鐨勪笓涓氥€傚璇被鑰冪敓鍙互鍏兼姤鏂囩锛?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=9318588&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鏂囩鐢?/a>涓嶅彲鎶ュ璇笓涓氥€備笓鍗囨湰鑰冪敓閫変笓涓氭椂鏈€濂藉拰鍘熸潵涓撲笟澶ц嚧琛旀帴銆?

鑰冪敓鍦ㄦ姤涓撲笟鏃朵竴瀹氳濉姤绗簩蹇楁効锛屽悓鏃惰鏈嶄粠鍒嗛厤锛岄伩鍏嶁€滄妗b€濄€?

姣斿鍦ㄦ硶瀛︿笓涓氫腑锛屾湁鐨勫鏍′晶閲嶇偣鏄垜娉曘€佹皯娉曘€佸浗闄呮硶绛夊唴瀹癸紝浣嗗湪鍖椾含寤虹瓚宸ョ▼瀛﹂櫌锛屽垯鏄互寤虹瓚缁忔祹娉曚负閲嶇偣锛屽甫鏈夐矞鏄庣殑琛屼笟鐗硅壊銆?

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鑰冪敓鍦ㄩ€夋嫨瀛︽牎鍜屼笓涓氭椂锛岃繕瑕佹牴鎹嚜韬亴涓氱壒鐐癸紝缁撳悎宸ヤ綔瀹為檯閫夋嫨銆備竴鑸潵璇达紝鑰冪敓閫夋嫨鎴愯€冧竴鑸湁涓ょ鐩殑锛屼竴鏄彁楂樹笓涓氱煡璇嗘按骞筹紝浜屾槸鎻愰珮瀛﹀巻灞傛銆傚鎶辨湁鍓嶄竴绉嶅涔犵洰鐨勭殑鑰冪敓鏉ヨ锛岃缁撳悎浠ヤ笂閫夋嫨涓撲笟鐨勬柟娉曪紝閫夊嚭涓庡伐浣滃唴瀹圭浉鍏崇殑涓撲笟锛涘浜庢湁鍚庝竴绉嶆兂娉曠殑鑰冪敓锛屽彲鍏虫敞涓撲笟鎷涚敓璁″垝鏁拌緝澶氱殑瀛︽牎锛屾彁楂樿嚜宸辫褰曞彇鐨勬満浼氥€?

鎴愯€冮槄鍗风粏鍒?

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8褰曞彇娴佺▼

缂栬緫

鎴愪汉楂樿€冩姤鍚嶇幇鍦?/span>锛堜竴锛?褰曞彇宸ヤ綔瀹炶"瀛︽牎璐熻矗锛屾嫑鍔炵洃鐫?鐨勫綍鍙栦綋鍒讹紝鍗筹細鍦ㄧ鍚堟垚浜洪珮鏍℃嫑鐢熸潯浠躲€佷腑锛岀敱鎷涚敓闄㈡牎鏍规嵁"浠庨珮鍒嗗埌浣庡垎銆佹嫨浼樺綍 鍙?鐨勫師鍒欙紝纭畾鏂扮敓褰曞彇鍚嶅崟锛涚敱甯傞珮鎷涘姙璐熻矗瀹℃牳褰曞彇鍚嶅崟锛涙嫑鐢熼櫌鏍℃寜瀹℃牳鍚庣殑褰曞彇鍚嶅崟鍙戞斁褰曞彇閫氱煡涔?/a>銆傛嫑鐢熼櫌鏍¤澶勭悊濂芥嫑鐢熻繃绋嬩腑鐨勯仐鐣欓棶棰樸€?

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1銆佸綍鍙栨柊鐢熸椂锛屾棦瑕侀噸瑙嗚€冪敓缁熻€冩€绘垚缁╋紝鍙堣娉ㄦ剰涓庝笓涓氱浉鍏崇鐩殑鎴愮哗銆傛枃鍙茬被涓殑璐㈢粡銆佺鐞嗕笓涓氬綍鍙栨椂锛屾槸鍚﹂渶鏁板鍗曠鎴愮哗鐨勮姹傦紱澶栬銆佸缁忋€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=57168312&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">澶栬锤涓撲笟褰曞彇鏃舵槸鍚﹂渶澶栬鍗曠鎴愮哗鐨勮姹傦紝鐢辨嫑鐢熼櫌鏍¤嚜琛岀‘瀹氾紝骞跺湪鎷涚敓绔犵▼涓悜绀句細鍏竷銆?

2銆佷綋鑲层€佽壓鏈被锛堥櫎鍙茶銆佺紪瀵肩被涓撲笟澶栵級鏈鍚勪笓涓氭渶浣庡綍鍙栨帶鍒跺垎鏁扮嚎涓嶄綆浜庡悓绉戠被鏈鏈€浣庡綍鍙栨帶鍒跺垎鏁扮嚎锛堣壓鏈被鍚勪笓涓氭暟瀛︿笉璁″叆鎬诲垎锛屼笅鍚岋級鐨?0%锛屼笓绉戜笉浣庝簬60%銆?

锛堜笁锛?楂樹腑璧风偣鍗囬珮鑱岋紙楂樹笓锛夌殑鍏畨绫绘垚浜洪珮鏍$殑鍏ㄩ儴涓撲笟銆佸尰瀛︼紙涓尰瀛︾被鍜岃嵂瀛︾被涓や釜涓€绾у绉戦櫎澶栵級涓撲笟銆佷腑鍖昏嵂涓氫笓涓氬拰涓ぎ鍙告硶璀﹀畼瀛﹂櫌鐩戠嫳绠$悊涓撲笟銆佸姵鏁?绠$悊涓撲笟鐨勬嫑鐢燂紝濡傝祫鏍肩嚎涓婄敓婧愪笉瓒筹紝鍙檷浣庡垎鏁扮嚎鍚戞嫑鐢熷鏍℃姇妗o紝浣嗘渶浣庝笉寰楄秴杩囧悓绉戠被楂樿亴锛堥珮涓擄級鏈€浣庢帶鍒跺垎鏁扮嚎鐨?0%銆?

锛堝洓锛夋帴鑰冪敓濉姤鐨勫織鎰垮綍鍙栫粨鏉熷悗锛岃嫢鎷涚敓闄㈡牎杩樻湁璁″垝浣欓鐨勶紝鏈褰曞彇鐨勭嚎涓婅€冪敓鍙ˉ濉湁璁″垝浣欓鎷涚敓闄㈡牎鐨勫織鎰裤€?

9涓撲笟瀛︽牎

缂栬緫

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涓撲笟

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鍦扮偣

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鎴愪汉楂樿€冨埗搴︽槸涓€椤归噸瑕佺殑楂樻牎鍏ュ鑰冭瘯鍒跺害锛屽叾鍘嗗彶鍙垎涓衡€滄枃闈┾€濆墠鍜屸€滄枃闈┾€濆悗涓や釜鏃舵湡銆傗€滄枃闈┾€濆墠鎴愪汉楂樼瓑瀛﹀巻鏁欒偛鐨勪富瑕佸舰寮忔槸澶у鍑芥巿鏁欒偛鍜屽澶ф暀鑲诧紝姝ゅ锛岃繕鏈夌嫭绔嬭缃殑鍑芥巿瀛﹂櫌鍜?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=62982476&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">骞挎挱鐢佃澶у绛夋満鏋勩€傚嚱鎺堝拰澶滃ぇ锛屽潎鐢卞鏍?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=1546850&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鍗曠嫭鎷涚敓銆傚叾浠栦笟浣欓珮绛夊鏍$殑鎷涚敓锛屽疄琛屽崟鐙嫑鐢熸垨鑱斿悎鎷涚敓锛屽箍鎾數瑙嗗ぇ瀛︽嫑鐢熷垯鐢卞垱鍔炲箍鎾數瑙嗗ぇ瀛︾殑鐪併€佸競鑷鍔炵悊銆傗€濇枃闈┾€滃悗锛岀壒鍒槸鍏氱殑鍗佷竴灞婁笁涓叏浼?/a>浠ュ悗锛屼腑鍥芥垚浜烘暀鑲蹭簨涓氬彂灞曡繀鐚涖€傛嫑鐢熷伐浣滃ぇ浣撶粡鍘嗕簡浠庡鏍″崟鐙嫑鐢燂紝鐪併€佽嚜娌诲尯銆佺洿杈栧競缁熶竴鎷涚敓锛屽埌鍏ㄥ浗缁熶竴鎷涚敓鐨勫彂灞曞巻绋嬨€?

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12鏀跨瓥瑙h

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绛旓細鎴愪汉楂樼瓑瀛︽牎鎷涚敓鍏ㄥ浗缁熶竴鑰冭瘯鏄负涓浗鍚勭被鎴愪汉楂樼瓑瀛︽牎閫夋嫈鍚堟牸鏂扮敓浠ヨ繘鍏ユ洿楂樺眰娆″鍘嗘暀鑲茬殑鍏ュ鑰冭瘯銆傝€冭瘯鍒嗕笓绉戣捣鐐瑰崌鏈銆侀珮涓捣鐐瑰崌鏈鍜岄珮鑱?楂樹笓)涓変釜灞傛銆?

2銆佸鑰冪敓鎶ヨ€冪殑鍩烘湰鏉′欢鏈夊摢浜涜姹?

绛旓細鑰冪敓鎶ヨ€冪殑鍩烘湰鏉′欢涓猴細(1)鍥藉鎵胯瀛﹀巻鐨勫悇绫婚珮銆佷腑绛夊鏍″湪鏍$敓浠ュ鐨勫湪鑱屻€佷粠涓氫汉鍛樺拰绀句細鍏朵粬浜哄憳锛?2)鎶ヨ€冮珮涓捣鐐瑰崌鏈鎴栭珮鑱?楂樹笓)鐨勮€冪敓搴斿叿鏈夐珮涓瘯涓氭枃鍖栫▼搴︺€傛姤鑰冧笓绉戣捣鐐瑰崌鏈鐨勮€冪敓蹇呴』鏄凡鍙栧緱缁忔暀鑲查儴瀹″畾鏍稿噯鐨勫浗姘戞暀鑲茬郴鍒楅珮绛夊鏍°€侀珮绛夋暀鑲茶嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯鏈烘瀯棰佸彂鐨勯珮绛変笓绉戞瘯涓氳瘉涔︽垨浠ヤ笂璇佷功鐨勪汉鍛樸€?

3銆佽€冭瘯鏃堕棿鏄粈涔?

绛旓細鑰冭瘯鏃堕棿涓烘瘡骞?0鏈堢涓夊懆鐨勫懆鍏拰鍛ㄦ棩銆?

4銆佸悇灞傛鑰冭瘯绉戠洰鏄€庢牱璁剧疆鐨?

绛旓細楂樹腑璧风偣鍗囨湰绉戙€侀珮鑱?楂樹笓)鑰冭瘯鎸夋枃绉戙€佺悊绉戝垎鍒缃粺鑰冪鐩€傚叕鍏辫缁熻€冪鐩潎涓鸿鏂囥€佹暟瀛︺€佸璇笁闂紝鍏朵腑鏁板鍒嗘枃绉戠被銆佺悊绉戠被涓ょ锛屽璇垎鑻辫銆佹棩璇€佷縿璇笁涓绉嶏紝鐢辫€冪敓鏍规嵁鎶ヨ€冨鏍″澶栬璇鐨勮姹傞€夋嫨涓€绉嶃€傛姤鑰冮珮涓捣鐐瑰崌鏈鐨勮€冪敓锛岄櫎鍙傚姞涓夐棬缁熻€冨叕鍏辫鐨勮€冭瘯澶栵紝杩橀渶鍙傚姞涓撲笟鍩虹璇剧殑鑰冭瘯锛岀悊绉戠被涓撲笟鍩虹璇句负鈥滅墿鐞嗐€佸寲瀛︾患鍚堚€濓紝鏂囩绫讳笓涓氬熀纭€璇句负鈥滃巻鍙层€佸湴鐞嗙患鍚堚€濓紝涓婅堪璇曢鐢辨暀鑲查儴缁熶竴鍛藉埗銆?

涓撶璧风偣鍗囨湰绉戣€冭瘯缁熻€冪鐩负涓夐棬銆備袱闂ㄥ叕鍏辫涓烘斂娌汇€佸璇紝涓€闂ㄤ笓涓氬熀纭€璇炬牴鎹嫑鐢熶笓涓氭墍闅跺睘鐨勫绉戦棬绫荤‘瀹氥€備互涓婄粺鑰冪鐩瘯棰橀櫎闈炶嫳璇璇绉嶇敱鍚勭渷绾ф垚浜洪珮鏍℃嫑鐢熷姙鍏瑙嗘湰鍦扮敓婧愭儏鍐佃嚜琛岀‘瀹氭槸鍚﹀紑璁惧苟鑷缁勭粐鍛介澶栵紝鍏朵綑绉戠洰鍧囩敱鏁欒偛閮ㄧ粺涓€鍛藉埗銆?

5銆佹垜鎬庢牱鎶ュ悕鍙傚姞鎴愪汉楂樿€冿紵瀛︿範鏃堕棿涓婃湁浠€涔堣瀹氾紵

绛旓細鎴愪汉楂樻牎鎷涚敓閫夌敤鑴变骇銆佷笟浣欙紙鍖呮嫭鍗婅劚浜с€佸澶у锛夋垨鍑芥巿涓夌褰㈠紡杩涜鎴愪汉楂樼瓑瀛﹀巻鏁欒偛銆傚叾涓劚浜ф渶鐭涔犳湡闄愪负锛氫笓鍗囨湰涓ゅ勾锛岄珮璧锋湰鍥涘勾锛岄珮璧蜂笓涓ゅ勾锛涗笟浣欏拰鍑芥巿鏈€鐭涔犲勾闄愪负锛氫笓鍗囨湰涓ゅ勾鍗婏紝楂樿捣鏈簲骞达紝楂樿捣涓撲袱骞村崐銆?

15鎶ヨ€冨尯鍒?

缂栬緫

鎴愪汉楂樿€冧笌缃戠粶鏁欒偛浜岃€呯殑鍖哄埆鏈変竴涓嬪嚑鐐癸細

1銆佽€冭瘯鏃堕棿銆侀毦搴︿笉鍚?

鎴愪汉楂樿€冩瘡骞翠竴鑰冿紝鑰冭瘯鏃堕棿涓烘瘡骞?0鏈堢殑绗笁鍛ㄧ殑鍛ㄥ叚鍜屽懆鏃ワ紝鑰冭瘯闅惧害浣庝簬楂樿€冿紝鎴愪汉楂樿€冭绉颁负涓ヨ繘瀹藉嚭锛涜€岀綉缁滄暀鑲蹭竴骞翠袱鑰冿紝鍒嗕负鏄ョ涓ゅ锛屼竴鑸瘡骞?鏈堜唤涓烘槬瀛e叆瀛︼紝鎶ュ悕鎴鑷?鏈堝簳锛?0鏈堜负绉嬪鍏ュ锛屾姤鍚嶆埅姝㈣嚦8鏈堝簳锛屾姤鍚嶆垚鍔熷悗鍦ㄨ瀹氱殑鏃堕棿鍐呭弬鍔犻櫌鏍¤嚜涓诲懡棰樼殑鍏ュ鑰冭瘯锛岃€冭瘯闅惧害涓嶆槸寰堝ぇ銆?

2銆佸涔犳柟寮忎笉鍚?

鎴愪汉楂樿€冧富瑕佹湁鑴变骇銆佷笟浣欏拰鍑芥巿瀛︿範鏂瑰紡锛屾牴鎹笟浣欐椂闂寸敱楂樻牎鑰佸笀瀹夋帓瀛︿範鏃堕棿锛涜€岀綉缁滄暀鑲叉槸閫氳繃缃戠粶鍦ㄧ嚎鎺堣锛屽鍛樹篃鍙互鍦ㄧ嚎瀹屾垚浣滀笟锛岀嚎涓嬫祻瑙堣绋嬶紝閫氳繃BBS杩涜鎻愰棶銆佹矡閫氾紝鍙弬鍔犲涔犱腑蹇冮泦涓粍缁囧畾鏃舵敹鐪嬶紝鑷柟鐐规挱璇剧▼瀛︿範锛屾垨閲囩敤璇剧▼鍏夌洏鍦ㄥ鑷富瀛︿範銆傚涓€浜涘伐浣滄椂闂翠笌宸ヤ綔鍦扮偣涓嶇ǔ瀹氱殑瀛﹀憳鏈夋瀬澶уソ澶勩€備笉灏戝笇鏈涜繘鍏ヨ嚜宸卞績浠殑鍚嶆牎杩涜瀛︿範鐨勫鍦板鐢燂紝鍙互閫氳繃鎶ヨ€冪綉缁滃闄紝鎺ュ彈杩滅▼鎺堣浠ュ畬鎴愬涓氥€?

涓ょ閫斿緞閮藉彲浠ュ埄鐢ㄤ笟浣欐椂闂磋繘琛屽涔狅紝浣嗘槸瀵逛簬閭d簺宸ヤ綔蹇欑殑浜烘潵璇达紝鏈潵鍦ㄦ槦鏈熷叚銆佹槦鏈熷ぉ銆佹兂濂藉ソ浼戞伅杩樿涓婅锛佺儲鍟婏紒閭d箞鍑芥巿灏变笉閫傚悎浣犱簡銆傜綉缁滄暀鑲插氨鏄粈涔堟椂闂翠笂璇鹃兘琛岀殑鏁欒偛鏂瑰紡锛屼笉鐢ㄥ嚭闂ㄥ湪瀹跺氨鑳戒笂璇俱€?

3銆佸涔犲勾闄愪笉鍚?

鎴愪汉楂樿€冨埄鐢ㄤ笟浣欏涔?骞达紝瀹屾垚瑙勫畾鐨勫涔犺鍒掍换鍔★紝杈惧埌姣曚笟瑕佹眰鍗冲彲鑾峰緱鍥藉鎵胯鐨勫ぇ涓撱€佹湰绉戞枃鍑紝绗﹀悎鍥藉瀛︿綅鎺堜簣鏉′欢鐨勬湰绉戠彮瀛﹀憳鍙巿浜堝澹浣嶏紱缃戠粶鏁欒偛涓€鑸疄琛屽脊鎬у埗瀛﹀埗锛屽厑璁稿鐢熻嚜鐢遍€夋嫨瀛︿範骞撮檺锛屼竴鑸湪2-5骞达紝鎸夌収甯歌锛屽鐢熶竴鑸湪2.5骞村氨瀹屾垚姣曚笟浜嗭紝鍚屾牱锛屽畬鎴愭瘯涓氳€呭彲鑾峰緱鐩稿簲鐨勬湁鏁堟瘯涓氳瘉涔﹀強瀛﹀+瀛︿綅銆?

4銆佽瘉涔﹀惈閲戦噺瀵规瘮

鎴愪汉楂樿€冦€佺綉缁滄暀鑲查兘鏄暀鑲查儴棰佸彂鐨勬瘯涓氳瘉涔︼紝缁忕數瀛愭敞鍐屽悗锛屽彈鍥藉鎵胯銆佺ぞ浼氳鍙紝姣曚笟璇佷功鑾峰緱鑰呭悓鏅€氶珮鏍″悓绫绘瘯涓氱敓鍏锋湁鐩稿悓寰呴亣锛岄兘鍙弬鍔犵澹爺绌剁敓鑰冭瘯銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=6371602&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鍏姟鍛樿€冭瘯銆佸徃娉曡€冭瘯绛夛紝绗﹀悎鏉′欢鑰呰繕鍙敵璇峰澹浣嶃€?

16鐑棬闂瓟

缂栬緫
  1. 鎴愯€冧綍鏃舵姤鍚?
    鎴愪汉楂樿€冨悇鐪佹姤鍚嶆椂闂村鏁板畨鎺掑湪8鏈堜唤銆傚叏鍥芥垚浜洪珮鏍$粺涓€鑰冭瘯鏃堕棿锛氭瘡骞?0鏈堜唤鐨勭涓変釜鍛ㄥ叚鏃ャ€?
  2. 濡備綍閫夋嫨鎴愯€冩暀鏉?
    鎴愪汉楂樿€冮櫎浜嗗ぇ绾插叏鍥界粺涓€浠ュ锛屾暀鏉愯緟瀵间功璇曢闆嗛兘娌℃湁鍋氱粺涓€瑙勫畾銆傝€冪敓鍦ㄩ€夋嫨鏁欐潗鏃跺簲璋ㄦ厧銆傞€夋嫨杈呭涔︺€佷範棰橀泦鏃惰鐪嬬湅鍑轰功缁勭粐鍗曚綅鏄惁鏄悎娉曠殑娉曚汉锛岀紪鍐欏皬缁勬槸鍚︽湁姝e紡鐨勫悕绉帮紝鍑虹増绀俱€佸嚭鐗堝崟浣嶆渶濂介€夋瑙勭殑鍗曚綅銆傝喘涔︽椂搴旇鍒板ぇ涔﹀簵鎴栬€呭悇鍖哄幙鎴愯€冨姙璐拱锛屼互闃蹭拱鐩楃増銆佸亣鍐掍吉鍔h緟瀵艰祫鏂欏洖瀹讹紝閫夋嫨杈呭涔︿笉鑳借椽澶氫篃涓嶅彲璐究瀹溿€?
  3. 濡備綍閫夋嫨鎴愪汉楂樿€冭緟瀵肩彮?
    鈶犵湅娓呰瀛︽牎鐨勫姙瀛﹁鍙瘉
    閫夋嫨杈呭鐝椂搴旇瑕佹眰鏌ョ湅鍩硅鏈烘瀯鐨勭ぞ浼氬姏閲忓姙瀛﹁鍙瘉銆傝鐪嬫竻妤氳鍙瘉涓婅瀹氱殑鍔炲鍦扮偣銆傚鏋滆緟瀵肩彮鎵撶潃澶у鐨勫悕涔夛紝涓€鑸姙瀛﹀湴鐐归兘璁惧湪瀛︽牎鍐呫€傚綋鐒朵篃鏈夌殑杈呭鐝洜涓哄悇绉嶅師鍥犲湪瀛︽牎澶栧姙瀛︼紝閭d箞搴旇鍑虹ず褰撳湴鏁欏绀炬暀鍔炰复鏃惰鐐圭殑璇佹槑鏂囦欢銆傚彟澶栵紝璁稿彲璇佷笂鐨勫姙瀛﹁寖鍥翠篃瑕佺湅娓呮銆?br /> 鈶♀€滃懡棰樹笓瀹垛€濇巿璇句笉鍙俊
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