楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯

绛夋暀鑲茶嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯锛圫elf-taught higher education examinations锛夛紝绠€绉拌嚜鑰冿紝鏄竴绉嶅鑷鑰呰繘琛屼互瀛﹀巻鑰冭瘯涓轰富鐨勶紝涓汉鑷銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=66401323&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">绀句細鍔╁鍜屽浗瀹惰€冭瘯鐩哥粨鍚堢殑楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑰冭瘯鍒跺害锛屽垱绔嬩簬20涓栫邯80骞翠唬鍒濄€?

瀹冩槸鏂板瀷鐨勫紑鏀惧紡鐨勭ぞ浼氬寲鏁欒偛褰㈠紡锛屽弬鍔犺€冭瘯鑰呬笉鍙楁€у埆銆佸勾榫勩€佽亴涓氥€佹皯鏃忓拰宸插彈鏁欒偛绋嬪害鐨勯檺鍒躲€?

1鍘嗗彶娌块潻

缂栬緫

1977骞?鏈?鏃ュ湪銆婂叧浜庣瀛﹀拰鏁欒偛宸ヤ綔鐨勫嚑鐐规剰瑙併€嬩腑锛?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=47357&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">閭撳皬骞?/a>鎸囧嚭锛氣€滄暀鑲茶涓ゆ潯鑵胯蛋璺?/a>锛屽ぇ涓撻櫌鏍℃槸涓€鏉¤吙锛屽悇绉嶅崐宸ュ崐璇绘槸涓€鏉¤吙銆傗€濊繖涓洪珮绛夋暀鑲茶嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯浜嬩笟鎻愪緵浜嗛噸澶х殑鐞嗚鎸囧銆傞殢鐫€涓浗缁忔祹寤鸿姝ヤ紣鍔犲揩锛岀ぞ浼氶渶瑕佸ぇ鎵逛笓闂ㄤ汉鎵嶏紝瀵瑰涔犳効鏈涘崄鍒嗗己鐑堬紝宸叉湁楂樼瓑鏁欒偛褰㈠紡闅句互婊¤冻绀句細闇€姹傘€傚湪閭撳皬骞冲悓蹇楁彁鍑虹殑鏀归潻寮€鏀炬柟閽堟寚寮曚笅锛屾暀鑲查儴鐫€鎵嬬粍缁囩爺绌跺缓绔?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=8895705&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯鍒跺害銆?

1980骞?鏈堬紝涓ぎ涔﹁澶勫湪璁ㄨ鏁欒偛宸ヤ綔鏃舵寚鍑猴紝涓轰簡淇冧娇闈掑勾浜鸿嚜瀛︿笂杩涳紝搴旇鎷熷畾涓€涓姙娉曪紝瑙勫畾鍑℃槸鑷鏈夋垚缁╋紝缁忚繃鑰冭瘯鍚堟牸鑰咃紝瑕佸彂缁欒瘉涔︼紝鐓ф牱浣跨敤銆?/span>1980骞?0鏈?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=43750722&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鍖椾含甯傛斂搴?/a>浣滃嚭鈥滃叧浜庡缓绔嬮珮绛夋暀鑲茶嚜瀛﹁€冩牳鍒跺害鐨勫喅瀹氣€濄€?

1981骞?鏈堬紝鍥藉姟闄㈡壒杞簡鏁欒偛閮ㄧ殑鎶ュ憡鍜屻€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=63120987&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯璇曡鍔炴硶銆嬶紝鎵瑰噯寤虹珛楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯鍒跺害锛屼富瑕佹湁涓撶銆佹湰绉戠瓑瀛﹀巻灞傛锛屼笌鏅€氶珮绛夐櫌鏍?/a>鐨勫鍘嗗眰娆℃按骞崇殑瑕佹眰涓€鑷淬€?

2鍥藉鑰冭瘯

缂栬緫

楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯鍏锋湁鍙岄噸鎬ц川锛氭棦鏄竴绉嶅浗瀹惰€冭瘯鍒跺害锛屽張鏄竴绉嶆柊鐨勬暀鑲插舰寮忋€備綔涓哄浗瀹惰€冭瘯鍒跺害锛屽畠鐢卞浗瀹跺缓绔嬶紝鐢辨斂搴滆€冭瘯鏈烘瀯浠h〃鍥藉琛屼娇鑰冭瘯鏉?/span>锛屾寜鐓у浗瀹惰瀹氱殑鐩爣鍜屾爣鍑嗭紝闈㈠悜鍏ㄤ綋鑷鑰冪敓瀹炴柦涓ユ牸鐨勫浗瀹惰€冭瘯锛屾槸鍥藉鎵胯鐨勫鍘嗐€?

楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯鐨勪换鍔★紝鏄€氳繃鍥藉鑰冭瘯淇冭繘骞挎硾鐨勪釜浜鸿嚜瀛︼紝鎺ㄨ繘鍦ㄨ亴涓撲笟鏁欒偛鍜屽嚭鏍¢棬鍚庣户缁暀鑲诧紝閫犲氨鍜岄€夋嫈寰锋墠鍏煎鐨勪笓闂ㄤ汉鎵嶏紝鎻愰珮鍏ㄦ皯鏃忕殑鎬濇兂閬撳痉銆佺瀛︽枃鍖栫礌璐紝閫傚簲绀句細涓讳箟鐜颁唬鍖栧缓璁?/a>鐨勯渶瑕併€?

鎴鍒?018骞?0鏈堬紝鍏ㄥ浗鍏卞紑鑰冮珮绛夋暀鑲茶嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯涓撲笟(鍖呮嫭鐙珛鏈闃舵)569绉嶏紝鍋滆€冧笓涓?36绉嶏紝鎶ュ悕鏂拌€冪敓鍏辫4400涓囦汉锛屽缓妗e湪绫嶈€冪敓1100涓囦汉锛屼笓绉?鍩虹瀛︾)姣曚笟鐢熷叡璁?69涓囦汉,鏈(鐙珛鏈闃舵) 559涓囦汉銆傚彟澶栬繕鍖呮嫭涓笓/鑱岄珮瀛﹀巻鑷€冩瘯涓氱敓60涓囦汉銆傚皬瀛?鍒濅腑瀛﹀巻鑷€冩瘯涓氱敓87.6涓囦汉銆傝嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯鏈笓绉戠敓鐨勬瘯涓氱巼涓嶈冻7%锛岃繖涓瘮渚嬭鏄庤嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯鏄弗鏍肩殑銆傛瘮璧风粡鏅€氶珮鑰冨拰鎴愪汉楂樿€冨叆璇荤殑涓撶鏈鐢熺殑鈥滈浂娣樻卑鐜団€濓紝楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯涓€闂ㄩ棬鑰冪殑鑰冭瘯鍙氨闅惧浜嗭紝鑳芥嬁涓嬭嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯鏈鏂囧嚟鐨勪汉锛屽叾瀛﹁瘑骞朵笉姣斾竴鑸叏鏃ュ埗澶у鐢熷樊銆?/span>

涓浗楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯鐨勬暀鑲茶川閲忓緱鍒板浗闄呯ぞ浼氱殑鏅亶璁ゅ彲锛?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">鍏ㄤ笘鐣屾湁40澶氫釜鍥藉鍜屽湴鍖烘壙璁や腑鍥界殑楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯鏂囧嚟锛岀編鍥姐€佹棩鏈€佹柊瑗垮叞銆佹柊鍔犲潯銆佹硶鍥姐€佸嵃搴︺€佹瘮鍒╂椂銆佷縿缃楁柉銆侀┈鏉ヨタ浜氥€佽彶寰嬪銆佽タ鐝墮銆佸痉鍥姐€佷箤鍏嬪叞銆佸崡闈炪€佽嵎鍏般€佹尝鍏般€佷腹楹︺€侀娓€佹境闂ㄣ€佺埍灏斿叞銆佺憺鍏搞€佺憺澹€侀煩鍥界瓑鍥藉锛堝拰鍦板尯锛夊強鍑犱箮鎵€鏈夎嫳鑱旈偊鍥藉鐨勫ぇ瀛﹂兘鎵胯涓浗鐨勮嚜鑰冨鍘嗭紝瀵硅嚜鑰冨鍘嗕笌鏅€氶珮鏍$殑瀛﹀巻鍚岀瓑瀵瑰緟銆傚厑璁告寔鏈夊鍘嗚瘉涔︽垨鍗曠銆婅绋嬪悎鏍艰瘉涔︺€嬬殑鑷€冪敓杩涘叆鐩稿叧闄㈡牎瀛︿範锛屾垨鏀昏瀛︿綅鎴栧厤淇€佸噺淇儴鍒嗚绋嬨€?

鑷鑰冭瘯鍒跺害鏄笘鐣屼笂瑙勬ā鏈€澶х殑銆佹渶鑳戒綋鐜?/span>缁堣韩鏁欒偛鐞嗗康鍜?/span>瀛︿範鍨嬬ぞ浼?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">鐗圭偣鐨勫紑鏀惧紡楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鍒跺害锛屽畠浠ュ浗瀹惰€冭瘯涓轰富瀵硷紝浠ヤ釜浜鸿嚜涓诲涔犱负鍩虹锛屾槸瀵屾湁涓浗鐗硅壊鐨勨€滄病鏈夊洿澧欑殑澶у鈥濓紝鏄嚜瀛︽垚鎵嶇殑鎽囩銆?

鑷鑰冭瘯瀛︿範鏂瑰紡鐏垫椿銆佸伐瀛︾煕鐩惧皬銆佽垂鐢ㄤ綆锛屽疄琛屸€滃杩涗弗鍑衡€濓紝鈥滄暀鑰冨垎绂伙紙鍗筹細鍔炲涓嶅姙鑰冦€佸姙鑰冧笉鍔炲銆佸懡棰樹笌杈呭鍒嗙锛夆€?/span>锛屽嚒涓崕浜烘皯鍏卞拰鍥藉叕姘?/a>锛屼笉鍙楁€у埆銆佸勾榫勩€佹皯鏃忋€佺鏃忓拰宸插彈鏁欒偛绋嬪害鐨勯檺鍒讹紝鍧囧彲鍙傚姞鑷鑰冭瘯銆傝嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯閲囩敤瀛﹀垎绱鐨勬柟寮忛€愭瀹屾垚瀛︿笟锛屽涔犺€呭畬鎴愪笓涓氳€冭瘯璁″垝瑙勫畾鐨勫叏閮ㄨ绋嬪苟鍙栧緱鍚堟牸鎴愮哗锛屽畬鎴愭瘯涓氳鏂囨垨鍏朵粬鏁欏鏃堕棿浠诲姟锛屾€濇兂鍝佸痉閴村畾鍚堟牸鑰呭噯浜堟瘯涓氬彇寰楃浉搴旀瘯涓氳瘉涔︼紝鍥藉鎵胯鍏跺鍘嗐€傜鍚堝浣嶆潯浠剁殑鑷鑰冭瘯鏈姣曚笟鐢燂紝鐢辨湁瀛︿綅鎺堜簣鏉冪殑涓昏€冨鏍′緷鐓ф湁鍏宠瀹氾紝鎺堜簣瀛﹀+瀛︿綅銆?

鍙傚姞鑷鑰冭瘯鐨勭兢浣撳崄鍒嗗箍娉涳紝娑电洊浜嗗伐浜恒€佸啘姘戙€佺鐞嗕汉鍛樸€佸皯鏁版皯鏃忋€佽В鏀惧啗銆佹璀﹀畼鍏点€佸叕瀹変汉鍛樸€佹畫闅滀汉澹拰鐩戠嫳鏈嶅垜浜哄憳绛夈€?/span>鑷鑰冭瘯涓轰汉姘戠兢浼楀钩绛夋帴鍙楅珮绛夋暀鑲叉彁渚涗簡鏈轰細鍜屽埗搴︿繚闅滐紝娣卞彈绀句細鍚勭晫娆㈣繋銆?

楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯浣滀负榧撳姳鑷鎴愭墠鐨勫鍔涙楠屽埗搴︽槸鎴愬姛鐨勶紝鎴戜滑搴旂粰浜堝厖鍒嗙殑鑲畾銆傚缓绔嬭繖椤瑰埗搴︿笉鏄潈瀹滀箣璁★紝瑕侀暱鏈熷潥鎸佷笅鍘汇€傛濡傚浗鍔¢櫌鏉庡矚娓?/a>鍓嶅壇鎬荤悊鎵€鎸囧嚭鐨勶細鈥滃疄璺佃瘉鏄庯紝鑷鑰冭瘯鍒跺害鏄彂灞曚腑鍥藉鍔炲ぇ鏁欒偛鐨勬湁鏁堝舰寮忥紝鏄湁涓浗鐗硅壊鐨勭ぞ浼氫富涔夋暀鑲插埗搴︾殑涓€椤瑰垱涓俱€傗€?

3鑰冭瘯鏈烘瀯

缂栬緫

锛堜竴锛?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">鍏ㄥ浗鑰冨锛氬叏鍥介珮绛夋暀鑲茶嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯鎸囧濮斿憳浼氾紙浠ヤ笅绠€绉扳€滃叏鍥借€冨鈥濓級鍦?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=257144&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鍥藉鏁欒偛濮斿憳浼?/a>棰嗗涓嬶紝璐熻矗鍏ㄥ浗楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯宸ヤ綔銆傚叏鍥借€冨鐢卞浗鍔¢櫌鏁欒偛銆佽鍒掋€佽储鏀裤€佸姵鍔ㄤ汉浜嬮儴闂ㄧ殑璐熻矗浜猴紝鍐涢槦鍜屾湁鍏充汉姘戝洟浣撶殑璐熻矗浜猴紝浠ュ強閮ㄥ垎楂樼瓑瀛︽牎鐨勬牎锛堥櫌锛夐暱銆佷笓瀹躲€佸鑰呯粍鎴愩€?

鈥滃浗瀹舵暀鑲插鍛樹細鈥濊绔嬮珮绛夋暀鑲茶嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯宸ヤ綔绠$悊鏈烘瀯锛岃鏈烘瀯鍚屾椂浣滀负鍏ㄥ浗鑰冨鐨勬棩甯稿姙浜嬫満鏋勩€?

锛堜簩锛?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">涓撲笟濮斿憳浼?/span>锛氬叏鍥借€冨鏍规嵁宸ヤ綔闇€瑕佽绔嬭嫢骞蹭笓涓氬鍛樹細锛岃礋璐f嫙璁笓涓氳€冭瘯璁″垝鍜岃绋嬭嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯澶х翰锛岀粍缁囩紪鍐欏拰鎺ㄨ崘閫傚悎鑷鐨勯珮绛夋暀鑲叉暀鏉愶紝瀵规湰涓撲笟鑰冭瘯宸ヤ綔杩涜涓氬姟鎸囧鍜岃川閲忚瘎浼般€?

锛堜笁锛?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">鍦版柟鑰冭瘯鏈烘瀯锛?/span>鐪佽€冨锛氬悇鐪併€佽嚜娌诲尯銆佺洿杈栧競璁鹃珮绛夋暀鑲茶嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯濮斿憳浼氾紙绠€绉扮渷鑰冨锛夈€傜渷鑰冨姙锛氬悇鐪侊紙甯傘€佸尯锛?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=63754942&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鏁欒偛琛屾斂閮ㄩ棬璁剧渷鑰冨鐨勫伐浣滅鐞嗘満鏋勶紙绠€绉扮渷鑰冨姙锛夛紝鍚屾椂浣滀负鐪佽€冨鐨勬棩甯稿姙浜嬫満鏋勩€傚湴甯傝€冨锛氱渷銆佽嚜娌诲尯浜烘皯鏀垮簻鐨勬淳鍑烘満鍏虫墍杈栧湴鍖猴紙浠ヤ笅绠€绉板湴鍖猴級銆佸競銆佺洿杈栧競鐨勫競杈栧尯璁鹃珮绛夋暀鑲茶嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯宸ヤ綔濮斿憳浼氾紙绠€绉板湴甯傝€冨锛夈€?

锛堝洓锛?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">涓昏€冨鏍?/span>锛氫富鑰冨鏍?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">鐢辩渷鑰冨閬撮€変笓涓氬笀璧勫姏閲忚緝寮虹殑鍏ㄦ棩鍒舵櫘閫氶珮绛夊鏍?/a>鎷呬换銆?/span>涓昏€冨鏍″湪楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯宸ヤ綔涓婃帴鍙楃渷鑰冨鐨勯瀵硷紝鍙備笌鍛介鍜岃瘎鍗凤紝璐熻矗鏈夊叧瀹炶返鎬у涔犵幆鑺傜殑鑰冩牳锛屽湪姣曚笟璇佷功涓婂壇缃诧紝鍔炵悊鐪佽€冨浜ゅ姙鐨勫叾浠栨湁鍏冲伐浣?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">銆?/span>涓昏€冨鏍″簲璁剧珛楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯鍔炰簨鏈烘瀯銆傛牴鎹换鍔¢厤澶囦笓鑱屽伐浣滀汉鍛橈紝鎵€闇€缂栧埗鍒楀叆瀛︽牎鎬荤紪鍒舵暟鍐咃紝鐢卞鏍′富绠¢儴闂ㄨВ鍐炽€?

鍛介鐢卞叏鍥借€冨缁熺瀹夋帓锛屽垎鍒噰鍙栧叏鍥界粺涓€鍛介銆佸尯鍩熷懡棰樸€佺渷绾у懡棰樹笁绉嶅姙娉曘€傝瘯棰橈紙鍖呮嫭鍓锛夊強鍙傝€冪瓟妗堬紝璇勫垎鏍囧噯鍚敤鍓嶅睘缁濆瘑鏉愭枡銆?

鍏ㄥ浗鑰冨銆佺渷鑰冨銆佸湴甯傝€冨銆佷笓涓氬鍛樹細鐨勫伐浣滆亴璐e湪銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=181211584&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鏉′緥銆嬩腑閮芥湁鏄庣‘瑙勫畾銆?

楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯缁勭粐绠$悊浣撶郴楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯缁勭粐绠$悊浣撶郴

涓撲笟濮斿憳浼?/span>

4娉曞緥鏁堝姏

缂栬緫

銆婁腑鍗庝汉姘戝叡鍜屽浗楂樼瓑鏁欒偛娉曘€嬬浜屽崄涓€鏉?/span>鏄庣‘瑙勫畾锛氣€滃浗瀹跺疄琛?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=8895705&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯鍒跺害锛岀粡鑰冭瘯鍚堟牸鐨勶紝鍙戠粰鐩稿簲鐨勫鍘嗚瘉涔︽垨鑰呭叾浠栧涓氳瘉涔︺€傗€濅互娉曞緥鐨勫舰寮忚瀹氫簡楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯鍒跺害鐨勬€ц川锛屼互鍙婂畠鍦?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=154925804&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">涓浗楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鍩烘湰鍒跺害涓殑閲嶈鍦颁綅銆?

鏍规嵁鍥藉姟闄㈠叧浜庡彂甯冦€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=6479543&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯鏆傝鏉′緥銆嬬殑閫氱煡锛屽浗鍙慬1988]15鍙凤紝绗笁鍗佷簩鏉¤瀹氶珮绛夋暀鑲茶嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯姣曚笟璇佷功鑾峰緱鑰呯殑宸ヨ祫寰呴亣锛?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=10491490&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">闈炲湪鑱屼汉鍛?/a>褰曠敤鍚庯紝涓?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=787336&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鏅€氶珮绛夊鏍?/a>鍚岀被姣曚笟鐢熺浉鍚岋紱鍦ㄨ亴浜哄憳鐨勫伐璧勫緟閬囦綆浜庢櫘閫氶珮绛夊鏍″悓绫绘瘯涓氱敓鐨勶紝浠庤幏寰楁瘯涓氳瘉涔︿箣鏃ヨ捣锛屾寜鏅€氶珮绛夊鏍″悓绫绘瘯涓氱敓宸ヨ祫鏍囧噯鎵ц銆傝幏寰楄嚜鑰冩湰绉戝鍘嗘牴鎹浗瀹舵暀鑲查儴1988骞?5鍙锋枃浠讹紝浜彈鏅€氶珮绛夋暀鑲叉瘯涓氳瘉涔︾浉鍚岀殑娉曞緥鏁堝姏銆?/span>

5鑰冭瘯鏃堕棿

缂栬緫

鍏ㄥ浗鑷鑰冭瘯鏃堕棿涓€鑸涓嬶細鑷€冩瘡骞村紑璁?娆?鍚勭渷甯傚紑鑰冪殑娆℃暟鐢辩渷绾ц€冨姙鍐冲畾)锛岃€冭瘯鏃堕棿鍒嗗埆涓?鏈堛€?鏈堛€?鏈堝拰10鏈堬紝鑷?015骞磋捣澶ч儴鍒嗗湴鍖哄凡灏嗚€冭瘯娆℃暟璋冩暣涓?鏈堝拰10鏈堜袱娆?/span>锛岃缁嗘儏鍐佃鍜ㄨ鎵€鍦ㄥ湴鑷€冨姙銆傛姤鑰冧箣鍒濓紝棣栧厛瑕佹煡鐪嬪綋骞磋嚜宸辨墍鍦ㄧ渷甯傞兘鍦ㄤ粈涔堟椂闂磋€冨摢浜涜绋嬶紝鏉ョ‘瀹氳嚜宸辫鎶ヨ€冪殑绉戠洰銆?

鑰冭瘯鏃ユ湡 鑰冭瘯鏃堕棿锛堝寳浜椂闂达級
4鏈堣嚜鑰? 姣忓勾4鏈堢涓変釜鏄熸湡鍏? 锛堜笂鍗堬級09:00-11:30锛堜笅鍗堬級14:30-17:00
姣忓勾4鏈堢涓変釜鏄熸湡澶?
10鏈堣嚜鑰? 姣忓勾10鏈堢涓変釜鏄熸湡鍏?
姣忓勾10鏈堢涓変釜鏄熸湡澶?

6鑰冭瘯璁″垝

缂栬緫

楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯鐨勫紑鑰冧笓涓氾紝涓€鑸簲鍦ㄦ櫘閫氶珮绛夊鏍$殑涓撲笟鐩綍涓€夋嫨纭畾銆備笓涓氳€冭瘯璁″垝鐨勫唴瀹瑰寘鎷細鎸囧鎬濇兂銆佸煿鍏荤洰鏍囦笌鍩烘湰瑕佹眰銆佸鍘嗗眰娆′笌瑙勬牸銆佽€冭瘯璇剧▼涓庡鍒嗐€佸疄璺垫€х幆鑺傚涔犺€冩牳瑕佹眰銆佷富瑕佽绋嬭鏄庛€佹寚瀹氭垨鎺ㄨ崘鏁欐潗鍙婂弬鑰冧功銆佸叾浠栧繀瑕佺殑璇存槑绛夈€備笓涓氳€冭瘯璁″垝瀹炶璇剧▼瀛﹀垎鍒?/a>銆?

涓撶涓撲笟鍦ㄦ€讳綋涓婁笌鏅€氶珮绛変笓绉戝鏍?/a>鍚岀被涓撲笟姘村钩鐩镐竴鑷淬€傚悇涓撲笟鎬诲鍒嗘暟涓嶅緱浣庝簬70瀛﹀垎锛涘紑鑰冭绋嬩笉寰楀皯浜?5闂紝鍏朵腑鐞嗚鑰冭瘯璇剧▼闂ㄦ暟涓嶅緱灏戜簬14闂ㄣ€?

鏈涓撲笟鍦ㄦ€讳綋涓婁笌鏅€氶珮绛夊鏍℃湰绉戝悓绫讳笓涓氱殑姘村钩涓€鑷淬€傛湰绉戝彲鍒嗕负涓ゆ锛屽嵆鍩虹绉戞鍜屾湰绉戞銆傚熀纭€绉戞鍙洿鎺ヤ笌鏈鐩歌鎺ャ€傛湰绉戠疮璁℃€诲鍒嗘暟锛堜笉鍖呮嫭姣曚笟璁烘枃銆佹瘯涓氳璁$殑瀛﹀垎鏁帮級涓嶅緱浣庝簬125瀛﹀垎锛岀悊璁鸿€冭瘯璇剧▼闂ㄦ暟涓嶅緱灏戜簬20闂紱鍏朵腑鍩虹绉戞鐨勫鍒嗘暟涓嶅緱浣庝簬70瀛﹀垎锛岀悊璁鸿€冭瘯璇剧▼涓€鑸笉寰楀皯浜?2闂ㄣ€?

鑷鑰冭瘯涓撲笟鐨勮绋嬭缃垎涓猴細

1銆佸叕鍏卞熀纭€璇撅細鎵€鏈変笓涓氭垨鑰呭悓绫讳笓涓氬簲鑰冭€呴兘蹇呴』鍙傚姞鐨勮绋嬨€傚銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=148524744&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">椹厠鎬濅富涔夊熀鏈師鐞嗘璁?/a>銆嬨€併€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=82924527&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">涓浗杩戜唬鍙茬翰瑕?/a>銆嬨€併€婅嫳璇紙浜岋級銆嬨€併€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=64962&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鏀挎不缁忔祹瀛?/a>銆嬬瓑銆傚叕鍏辫铏界劧涓嶄竴瀹氬悓鎵€瀛︿笓涓氭湁鐩存帴鑱旂郴锛屼絾瀹冩槸鍩瑰吇寰枫€佹櫤銆佷綋鍏ㄩ潰鍙戝睍浜烘墠锛屼负杩涗竴姝ュ涔犲叾浠栧唴瀹规彁渚涙柟娉曠殑璇剧▼銆?

2銆佷笓涓氬熀纭€璇撅細璇ヤ笓涓氳€冪敓瑕佸涔犵殑鍩虹鐞嗚銆佸熀鏈煡璇嗗拰鍩烘湰鎶€鑳界殑璇剧▼銆傚熀纭€璇炬槸涓轰簡搴旇€冭€呮帉鎻′笓涓氱殑鐭ヨ瘑锛屽涔犱笓涓氱殑绉戝鎶€鏈紝鍙戝睍鎴戜滑鏈夊叧鑳藉姏鎵撲笅鍩虹銆傚儚宸ュ晢浼佷笟绠$悊锛堟湰锛変笓涓氫腑鐨勩€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=64807122&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">绠$悊瀛﹀師鐞?/a>銆嬪拰鐢靛瓙鍟嗗姟涓撲笟鐨勩€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=9032743&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鐢靛瓙鍟嗗姟鍩虹涓庡簲鐢?/a>銆嬭繖绫荤殑锛屽氨灞炰簬鍩虹璇句簡銆?

3銆佷笓涓氳锛氬悓涓撲笟鐭ヨ瘑銆佹妧鑳界洿鎺ヨ仈绯荤殑鍩烘湰璇剧▼锛堢畝绉颁笓涓氳锛夈€?

4銆侀€変慨璇撅細鏈夐檺鍒剁殑閫夋嫨鑷繁闇€瑕佺殑绉戠洰杩涜瀛︿範銆傞€変慨绉戠洰鐨勯€夋嫨鏄湁闄愬埗鐨勶紝鍙兘鍦ㄤ笓涓氳€冭瘯璁″垝瑙勫畾鐨勮绋嬪唴閫夋嫨銆傜畝鍗曡灏辨槸缁欐垜浠竴浜涢€変慨绉戠洰锛岃嚜宸辨寫鐫€瀛︺€傝€冪敓鏍规嵁鑷繁鐨勮兘鍔涘拰鍏磋叮閫夋嫨鎯宠€冪殑绉戠洰銆?

5銆佸疄璺垫€х幆鑺傘€?

鍏叡鍩虹璇俱€佷笓涓氬熀纭€璇俱€佷笓涓氳涓夌被璇剧▼鐨勫鍒嗘瘮渚嬪ぇ鑷翠负3锛?锛?鎴?锛?锛?

鎸夌収涓撲笟鑰冭瘯璁″垝鐨勮姹傦紝姣忛棬璇剧▼杩涜涓€娆℃€ц€冭瘯銆傝绋嬭€冭瘯鍚堟牸鑰咃紝鍙戠粰鍗曠鍚堟牸璇佷功锛屽苟鎸夎瀹氳绠楀鍒嗭紝涓嶅強鏍艰€咃紝鍙弬鍔犱笅涓€娆¤绉戠洰鐨勮€冭瘯銆備笓绉戯紙鍩虹绉戯級涓€鑸负3鈥?骞达紝鏈涓€鑸负4鈥?骞淬€?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">绀句細涓婂緢澶氬煿璁満鏋勫箍鍛婄О鐨?骞磋嚜鑰冩槸澶稿ぇ鍏惰瘝锛屽苟闈炲浗瀹舵壙璁ょ殑鍏ㄥ浗缁熶竴鑷鑰冭瘯銆?/span>

7閫夋姤涓撲笟

缂栬緫

鑰冪敓鍙弬鑰冨悇鐪佺殑鑰冭瘯璁″垝锛岃€冪敓缁撳悎鑷韩瀹為檯鎯呭喌閫夋嫨涓撲笟銆?

1銆佸叴瓒f槸鏈€閲嶈鐨勫嚭鍙戠偣銆傚彧鏈夋劅鍏磋叮鐨勪笢瑗匡紝鎵嶄細鐪熸鎶曞叆鐨勫幓瀛︺€?

2銆佹湁浜涗笓涓氬鑰冪敓鏌愪簺鑳藉姏鏈夌壒娈婅姹傦紝閫夋嫨涓撲笟鏃朵竴瀹氳鑰冭檻鑷韩鑳藉姏鐗圭偣銆?

3銆佸悎鐞嗗畨鎺掕亴涓氳鍒掋€傞渶瑕佸鏂扮殑鐢熸椿鏈変竴涓槑纭殑瀹氫綅鍜屽潥瀹氱洰鏍囷紝瑕佸厖鍒嗚€冭檻绀句細闇€瑕佸強琛屼笟鍙戝睍銆?

4銆佹湁浜涗笓涓氭槸闈㈠悜绀句細寮€鑰冿紝鏈変簺涓撲笟鏄儴闂?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=58783805&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">濮旀墭寮€鑰?/a>锛屼粎闄愭湰绯荤粺鍦ㄨ亴浜哄憳鎶ヨ€冿紝涓€浜涙湰绉戞涓撲笟鍜岀壒娈婁笓涓?濡傚尰瀛︾被涓撲笟)瀵规姤鑰冭€呯殑瀛﹀巻銆佽亴涓氱瓑杩樻湁涓€浜涘叿浣撹姹傘€?

楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯涓嶆瘮鍏ㄦ棩鍒舵牎鍐呭崟绉戣€冭瘯杞绘澗锛岀浉鍙嶄細鏇翠弗涓€浜涖€傝嚜鑰冪敓澶у鏄竟宸ヤ綔杈瑰涔狅紝浠栦滑鑳界粨鍚堣嚜宸辩殑宸ヤ綔锛屽畬鍏ㄨ嚜鐢卞湴閫夋嫨涓撲笟锛屽洜涓轰粬浠簡瑙h嚜韬己灏戜粈涔堬紝鍏剁ぞ浼氶€傚簲鑳藉姏鍜屽疄璺电粡楠岃繙杩滆秴杩?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=7891449&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">缁熸嫑鐢?/a>銆?

8鑰冨満椤荤煡

缂栬緫

1锛庤€冪敓搴旇璇氫俊骞惰嚜瑙夋湇浠庣洃鑰冨憳绛夎€冭瘯宸ヤ綔浜哄憳绠$悊锛屼笉寰椾互浠讳綍鐞嗙敱濡ㄧ鐩戣€冨憳绛夎€冭瘯宸ヤ綔浜哄憳灞ヨ鑱岃矗锛屼笉寰楁壈涔辫€冨満鍙婂叾浠栬€冭瘯宸ヤ綔鍦扮偣鐨勭З搴忋€?

2锛庡嚟鍑嗚€冭瘉鍜?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=7560141&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鏈夋晥韬唤璇佷欢锛屾寜瑙勫畾鏃堕棿鍜屽湴鐐瑰弬鍔犺€冭瘯銆?

3锛庡紑鑰冨墠20鍒嗛挓鑰冪敓鎸佹湁鍏宠瘉浠惰繘鍏ヨ€冨満銆?

4锛庡紑鑰?5鍒嗛挓鍚庝笉鍑嗚繘鍏ヨ€冪偣鍙傚姞褰撴绉戠洰鑰冭瘯銆備氦鍗峰嚭鍦烘椂闂翠笉寰楁棭浜庢瘡璇剧▼鑰冭瘯缁撴潫鍓?0鍒嗛挓锛屼氦鍗峰嚭鍦哄悗涓嶅緱鍐嶆杩涘満缁€冿紝涔熶笉寰楀湪鑰冨満闄勮繎閫楃暀鎴栦氦璋堛€?

5锛庤€冪敓杩涘叆鑰冨満闄?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=4199668&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">2B閾呯瑪銆佷功鍐欓粦鑹插瓧杩圭殑閽㈢瑪銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=214425&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">绛惧瓧绗?/a>銆佺洿灏恒€佸渾瑙勩€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=107368&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">涓夎鏉?/a>銆佹鐨锛堝叾瀹冪鐩湁鐗规畩瑙勫畾鐨勯櫎澶栵級锛屽叾瀹冧换浣曠墿鍝佷笉鍑嗗甫鍏ヨ€冨満銆備弗绂佹惡甯﹀悇绉嶉€氳宸ュ叿锛堝鎵嬫満鍙婂叾瀹冩棤绾挎帴鏀躲€佷紶閫佽澶囩瓑锛夈€佺數瀛愬瓨鍌ㄨ蹇嗗綍鏀剧瓑璁惧锛屼互鍙?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=1467471&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">娑傛敼娑?/a>銆佽兌甯︺€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=732075&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">淇甯?/a>绛夌墿鍝佽繘鍏ヨ€冨満銆備笉鍑嗛殢韬す甯︽枃瀛楁潗鏂欏強鍏跺畠涓庤€冭瘯鏃犲叧鐨勭墿鍝併€傝€冨満鍐呬笉寰楄嚜琛屼紶閫掓枃鍏枫€佺敤鍝佺瓑銆?

6锛庡叆鑰冨満鍚庢寜鐩戣€冨憳鎸囧畾鐨勫骇浣嶅氨搴э紝灏嗗噯鑰冭瘉鍙婃湁鏁堣韩浠借瘉浠舵斁鍦ㄦ瀛愬彸涓婅浠ヤ究鏍搁獙銆傝€冪敓鍦ㄩ鍒扮瓟棰樺崱鍜岃瘯鍗峰悗锛屽簲鎸夎姹傚湪瑙勫畾鐨勬椂闂村唴鍦ㄨ瘯鍗峰強绛旈鍗′笂鐨勬寚瀹氫綅缃噯纭€佹竻妤氬湴濉啓濮撳悕銆佸噯鑰冭瘉鍙枫€佽€冭瘯鍙风瓑鏍忕洰銆?

7锛庡紑鑰冧俊鍙峰彂鍑哄悗鏂瑰彲绛旈銆?

8锛庢墍鏈夌瓟棰樺潎绛斿湪绛旈鍗′笂锛岄€夋嫨棰橀儴鍒嗙敤2B閾呯瑪濉秱锛岄潪閫夋嫨棰樿姹傜敤榛戣壊瀛楄抗鐨勯挗绗斻€佺瀛楃瑪锛屼笉寰椾娇鐢ㄥ叾瀹冮鑹茬瑪鎴栭搮绗旓紙闄ょ敾鍥惧锛夌瓟棰橈紝鍦ㄨ瘯鍗蜂笂绛旈鏃犳晥銆?

9锛庤€冪敓搴斿湪绛旈鍗¤瀹氱殑鍦版柟绛旈锛屼笉鍑嗗湪绛斿嵎銆佺瓟棰樺崱涓婂仛浠讳綍鏍囪銆?

10锛庡湪鑰冨満鍐呴』淇濇寔瀹夐潤锛屼笉鍑嗗惛鐑燂紝涓嶅噯鍠у摋锛屼笉鍑嗕氦澶存帴鑰炽€佸乏椤惧彸鐩笺€佹墦鎵嬪娍銆佸仛鏆楀彿锛屼笉鍑嗗す甯︺€佹梺绐ャ€佹妱琚垨鏈夋剰璁╀粬浜烘妱琚紝涓嶅噯浼犳妱绛旀鎴栦氦鎹㈣瘯鍗枫€佺瓟棰樺崱銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=8349813&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鑽夌绾?/a>銆?

11锛庤瘯鍗峰垎鍙戦敊璇強璇曢瀛楄抗涓嶆竻绛夐棶棰橈紝鑰冪敓椤诲厛涓炬墜锛岀粡鐩戣€冨憳鍚屾剰鍚庤交澹版彁闂€傛秹鍙婅瘯棰樺唴瀹圭殑鐤戦棶锛屼笉寰楀悜鐩戣€冨憳璇㈤棶銆?

12锛庤€冭瘯缁撴潫鍓嶈浜ゅ嵎鍑哄満鐨勮€冪敓椤诲厛灏嗙瓟鍗峰強绛旈鍗″弽鎵e湪妗岄潰涓婏紝鍐嶄妇鎵嬫彁鍑虹鍦猴紝缁忕洃鑰冨憳鍏佽鍚庢墠鍑嗙寮€鑰冨満锛岀寮€鍚庝笉鍑嗗湪鑰冨満闄勮繎閫楃暀銆?

13锛庤€冭瘯缁撴潫淇″彿鍙戝嚭鍚庯紝鑰冪敓椤荤珛鍗冲仠绗旓紝灏嗙瓟棰樺崱鍜岀瓟鍗蜂粠涓婅嚦涓嬫寜鐓х瓟棰樺崱銆佽瘯鍗枫€佽崏绋跨焊鐨勯『搴忓钩鏀惧湪妗岄潰涓婏紝鍧愬ソ闈欏€欐敹鍗枫€傚緟鐩戣€冧汉鍛樻敹榻愮瓟鍗锋鏌ユ棤璇彂鍑烘寚浠ゅ悗鎵嶅噯绂诲紑鑰冨満銆?

14锛庤€冪敓涓嶅緱灏嗚瘯鍗枫€佺瓟棰樺崱銆佽崏绋跨焊绛夎€冨満涓婃墍鍙戠殑浠讳綍鑰冭瘯鏉愭枡甯﹀嚭鑰冨満銆?

15锛庡涓嶉伒瀹堣€冨満绾緥锛屼笉鏈嶄粠鑰冭瘯宸ヤ綔浜哄憳绠$悊锛屾湁杩濈邯銆佷綔寮婄瓑琛屼负鐨勶紝灏嗘寜鐓с€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=6520120&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鍥藉鏁欒偛鑰冭瘯杩濊澶勭悊鍔炴硶銆嬭繘琛屽鐞嗗苟璁板叆杩濆弽璇氫俊鑰冭瘯鐢靛瓙妗f銆?

鏍规嵁銆婂浗瀹舵暀鑲茶€冭瘯杩濊澶勭悊鍔炴硶銆嬶紝鑰冪敓鍦ㄨ€冭瘯鏃惰嫢鍙戠敓杩濈邯浣滃紛鎯呭舰锛屽皢瑙嗘儏鑺傝交閲嶏紝鍒嗗埆缁欎簣鍙栨秷璇ョ鐩殑鑰冭瘯鎴愮哗锛涚粓姝㈠叾缁х画鍙傚姞鏈鐩€冭瘯锛屽叾褰撴鎶ュ悕鍙傚姞鑰冭瘯鐨勫悇绉戞垚缁╂棤鏁堬紱褰撴鎶ュ悕鍙傚姞鐨勫悇绉戞垚缁╂棤鏁堝苟鍋滆€冧竴鑷充笁骞达紝鎴栬€呭欢杩熸瘯涓氭椂闂翠竴鑷充笁骞达紝鍋滆€冩湡闂村弬鍔犺€冭瘯鐨勬垚缁╂棤鏁堢瓑澶勭悊銆傝€冪敓琛屼负杩濆弽銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=302361&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">娌诲畨绠$悊澶勭綒鏉′緥銆嬬殑锛屼氦鐢卞叕瀹夋満鍏冲鐞嗭紱鏋勬垚鐘姜鐨勶紝鐢卞徃娉曟満鍏充緷娉曡拷绌跺垜浜嬭矗浠汇€?

9鍏嶈€冩斂绛?

缂栬緫

鍚勭被楂樼瓑瀛︽牎鐨勭爺绌剁敓銆佹湰绉戙€佷笓绉戝湪鏍$敓鍙傚姞楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯绗簩涓撲笟鑰冭瘯锛屽浗瀹舵壙璁ょ殑灞?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=70194594&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鍥芥皯鏁欒偛绯诲垪鐨勫悇绫诲鏍℃瘯涓氱殑涓撶浠ヤ笂姣曚笟鐢燂紝浠ュ強鑾峰緱鍥藉绾р€滅瓑绾ц€冭瘯璇佷功鈥濈殑鑰冪敓锛屽潎鍙牴鎹湁鍏宠瀹氾紝鐢宠鍏嶈€冨凡瀛﹁繃骞惰€冭瘯鎴愮哗鍚堟牸鐨勬湁鍏宠绋嬨€傞珮绛夋暀鑲茶嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯涓撱€佹湰绉戞瘯涓氱敓锛屽彲鐢宠鍏嶈€冧笌宸插彇寰楀悎鏍兼垚缁╃殑璇剧▼浠g爜鐩稿悓鐨勮绋嬶紝浣嗕笉鍙厤鑰冮《鏇垮悗鐨勮绋嬨€傚叾涓潪鑷鑰冭瘯姣曚笟鐢熸姤鑰冪浉杩戜笓涓氱殑锛屽厤鑰冭绋嬩笉瓒呰繃涓€鍗娿€?

涓撶姣曚笟鐢熸姤鑰冭嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯鏈锛堟锛変笓涓氾紙鍗充笓鍗囨湰锛夛紝鍙互鍏嶈€冧笓绉戝拰鏈涓绋嬪悕绉般€佷唬鐮併€佸鍒嗗畬鍏ㄧ浉鍚岀殑璇剧▼銆?

涓撶鍙婁互涓婃瘯涓氱敓鎶ヨ€冭嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯鏈锛堟锛夋垨涓撶锛堟锛変笓涓氾紝鍙厤鑰冩湰銆佷笓绉戯紙娈碉級涓互鍘熷涓撲笟鍩虹鐭ヨ瘑鎵€缁勬垚鐨勮绋嬶紝濡傛暟瀛︿笓涓氭瘯涓氱敓锛屽彲鍏嶈€冦€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=85383360&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">楂樼瓑鏁板锛堜竴锛?/a>銆嬫垨銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=84409887&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">绾挎€т唬鏁帮紙缁忕绫伙級銆嬨€併€婃鐜囪涓庢暟鐞嗙粺璁★紙缁忕绫伙級銆嬫垨銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=71050639&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">楂樼瓑鏁板锛堝伐涓擄級銆嬫垨銆婇珮绛夋暟瀛︼紙宸ユ湰锛夈€嬶紱涓枃涓撲笟姣曚笟鐢燂紝鍙厤鑰冦€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=64312904&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">澶у璇枃銆嬶紱鐗╃悊涓撲笟姣曚笟鐢燂紝鍙厤鑰冦€婄墿鐞嗭紙宸ワ級銆嬶紱璁$畻鏈轰笓涓氭瘯涓氱敓锛屽彲鍏嶈€冦€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=65437001&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">璁$畻鏈哄簲鐢ㄥ熀纭€銆嬶紱鑻辫涓撲笟姣曚笟鐢燂紝鍙厤鑰冦€婅嫳璇紙涓€锛夈€嬫垨銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=85282211&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鑻辫锛堜簩锛?/a>銆嬬瓑銆?

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1銆佽€冪敓鍙栧緱鍥藉鑻辫绛夌骇鑰冭瘯鐨凱ETS鈥?绾х瑪璇曞悎鏍兼垚缁╁彲鍏嶈€冦€婅嫳璇紙浜岋級銆嬶紱璇疯€冪敓浠ュ綋鍦拌€冨姙鍙戝竷鐨勫厤鑰冮€氱煡涓轰緷鎹姙鐞嗗厤鑰冦€?

2銆佸彇寰桺ETS鈥?绾т互涓婄瑪璇曞悎鏍兼垚缁╁彲鍏嶈€冦€婅嫳璇紙涓€锛夈€嬨€傛湁鍏充笓涓氳鐨勫厤鑰冩寜鍚勪笓涓氳€冭瘯璁″垝瑙勫畾鎵ц銆?

3銆佽幏寰?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=456469&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鍏ㄥ浗璁$畻鏈虹瓑绾ц€冭瘯涓€绾э紙鍚竴绾锛夊強浠ヤ笂璇佷功鑰咃紝鎴栬幏寰楀叏鍥絅IT銆婅绠楁満鎿嶄綔鍩虹锛圵INDOSW95锛夈€嬫ā鍧楀強鍏朵粬浠讳竴妯″潡鑰咃紙鍏变袱涓ā鍧楋級锛屽彲鍏嶈€冮潪璁$畻鏈虹被涓撲笟鐨勬湰銆佷笓绉戯紙娈碉級涓殑銆婅绠楁満搴旂敤鍩虹銆嬭绋嬨€?

4銆佽幏寰楀叏鍥借绠楁満绛夌骇鑰冭瘯浜岀骇浠ヤ笂璇佷功鑰咃紝鎴栬幏寰楀叏鍥絅IT銆婄鐞嗙郴缁熶腑淇℃伅鎶€鏈殑搴旂敤銆嬫ā鍧楄瘉涔﹁€呭彲鍏嶈€冮潪璁$畻鏈虹被涓撲笟鐨勩€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=7620395&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">绠$悊绯荤粺涓绠楁満搴旂敤銆嬬瓑璇剧▼銆?

5銆佽幏寰楀叏鍥絅IT銆婅绠楁満鎿嶄綔鍩虹win-dows95锛夈€嬪拰銆婃枃瀛楀鐞嗭紙word97锛夈€嬩袱涓ā鍧楄瘉涔﹁€呭彲鍏嶈€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=550633&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">璁$畻鏈轰俊鎭鐞?/a>涓撲笟锛堜笓绉戞锛夌殑銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=64825906&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">璁$畻鏈哄簲鐢ㄦ妧鏈?/a>銆嬭绋嬨€?

6銆佺粡鍔冲姩琛屾斂閮ㄩ棬鑰冩牳鑾峰緱涓骇鍙婁互涓?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=355487&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鑱屼笟璧勬牸璇佷功鑰咃紝鍙厤鑰冨啘鏉戣嚜鑰冨疄楠屽尯涓浉搴斾笓涓氱殑缁煎悎瀹炶返鎶€鏈兘鑰冩牳銆?

7銆?005骞翠笅鍗婂勾璧?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=55211&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">澶у鑻辫鍥涚骇鍏骇鎴愮哗涓嶅啀鍏嶈€冭嚜鑰冩湰绉戙€婅嫳璇紙浜岋級銆嬭绋嬶紝鍙栧緱澶у鑻辫鍥涚骇鎴愮哗鍦ㄤ釜鍒渷甯備篃鍙互鍏嶈€冦€婅嫳璇紙涓€锛夈€嬫垨銆婅嫳璇紙浜岋級銆嬶紝濡備笂娴枫€佸北涓溿€佹禉姹熺瓑鍦板尯锛岃缁嗘儏鍐佃鍜ㄨ鍚勫湴鑰冨姙銆?

鍏朵粬鍏嶈€?/span>

鏍规嵁銆婂彴婀俱€佹腐婢冲悓鑳炲拰澶栧浗浜哄弬鍔犲寳浜競楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯鏆傝鍔炴硶銆嬶紙浜€冭嚜[1998]绗?鍙凤級鐨勬湁鍏宠瀹氾紝骞剁粡涓撲笟濮斿憳鍚屾剰锛屽彴婀俱€佹腐婢冲悓鑳炲拰澶栧浗浜哄湪浜弬鍔犺嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯涓嫳鍚堜綔鍟嗗姟绠$悊涓撲笟鍩虹绉戯紙涓撶锛夈€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=7636400&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鍟嗗姟绠$悊涓撲笟锛堟湰绉戯級鏈夊叧璇剧▼鍏嶈€冧簨椤瑰涓嬶細鍦ㄤ含鍙傚姞鑷鑰冭瘯涓嫳鍚堜綔鍟嗗姟绠$悊涓撲笟鍩虹绉戯紙涓撶锛夈€佸晢鍔$鐞嗕笓涓氾紙鏈锛夌殑鍙版咕銆佹腐婢冲湴鍖哄拰澶栧浗鑰冪敓锛屽彲浠ラ€夌敤璁$畻鏈哄簲鐢ㄥ熀纭€锛堣绋嬩唬鐮侊細10018锛?瀛﹀垎锛夈€佺墿娴佸熀纭€锛堣绋嬩唬鐮侊細05363锛?瀛﹀垎锛夛紝琛ヨ冻涓嫳鍚堜綔鍟嗗姟绠$悊涓撲笟鍩虹璇撅紙涓撶锛夌殑鎬濇兂鏀挎不鐞嗚璇惧鍒嗐€傞€夌敤渚涘簲閾剧鐞?/a>锛堣绋嬩唬鐮侊細05380锛?瀛﹀垎锛夈€佹鐜囪涓庢暟鐞嗙粺璁★紙缁忕绫伙級锛堣绋嬩唬鐮侊細04183锛?瀛﹀垎锛夛紝琛ヨ冻鍟嗗姟绠$悊涓撲笟锛堟湰绉戯級鐨勬€濇兂鏀挎不鐞嗚璇惧鍒嗐€備粖鍚庣敱浜庤鍒掕皟鏁村甫鏉ョ殑涓婅堪璇剧▼鍙樺寲鍙﹁閫氱煡銆?

鍔炵悊娴佺▼

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锛?锛夊幙锛堝尯锛夎€冨姙鏀堕泦鑰冪敓鏉愭枡锛屾墦鍗般€婂姙鐞嗗厤鑰冩墜缁嚟璇併€嬩氦鑰冪敓锛岀劧鍚庡皢鑰冪敓鏉愭枡缁熶竴闆嗕腑鎶ュ競鑰冨姙銆?

锛?锛夊競鑰冨姙楠屾牳鑰冪敓鏉愭枡鍚庯紝鍦ㄥ鍗颁欢涓婄缃叉剰瑙佸苟鍔犵洊鍏珷锛屽師浠朵氦鍘匡紙鍖猴級鑰冨姙閫€鍥炶€冪敓锛涙墦鍗般€婂厤鑰冨鏍歌〃銆嬩笌澶嶅嵃浠舵潗鏂欎竴骞朵笂鎶ョ渷鑰冨姙銆?

锛?锛夌渷鑰冨姙瀹℃牳鍚庯紝鑰冪敓閫氳繃绯荤粺鏌ヨ瀹℃牳缁撴灉銆?

锛?锛夎€冪敓濡傚姙鐞嗗厤鑰冪殑璇剧▼涓庡師宸叉湁鎴愮哗鐨勮绋嬪瓨鍦ㄨ绋嬮《鏇垮叧绯伙紝鍒欐棤闇€鍔炵悊鍏嶈€冩墜缁€?

10瀛﹀巻鎰忎箟

缂栬緫

1.灏变笟

鏈瀛﹀巻姣斾笓绉戝鍘嗘壘宸ヤ綔鐨勪紭鍔挎樉鑰屾槗瑙侊紝涓撶瀛﹀巻锛屾棤褰箣涓皢涓уけ璁稿鐞嗘兂鐨勫伐浣滄満浼氥€傚綋鐒讹紝楂樺鍘嗗苟涓嶅繀鐒惰兘浜嬩笟鎴愬姛锛岃澶氭病鏈夊鍘嗙殑浜轰竴鏍峰垱涓氬緢鎴愬姛锛屼絾褰撲粖绀句細閫氬父瀛﹀巻瓒婇珮宸ヤ綔鏈轰細瓒婂锛屼笂鍗囩┖闂磋秺澶э紝鍙戝睍閫熷害瓒婂揩銆?

鏅€氶珮绛夊鏍?/a>銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=588850&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">涓瓑涓撲笟瀛︽牎鐨勫叏鏃ュ埗鍦ㄧ睄瀛︾敓(鍗?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=7891449&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">缁熸嫑鐢?/a>)锛?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">鍦ㄥ鏈熼棿鍙傚姞楂樹竴灞傛瀛﹀巻鑷鑰冭瘯锛岄€氳繃涓撲笟鑰冭瘯璁″垝瑙勫畾璇剧▼鐨勮€冭瘯骞跺彇寰楁瘯涓氭枃鍑€咃紝姣曚笟绂绘牎鏃讹紝鍙牴鎹鐢熸湰浜烘剰鎰匡紝鎸夊彇寰楃殑鑷鑰冭瘯瀛﹀巻鍙戠粰鈥滃叏鍥芥櫘閫氶珮绛夊鏍℃湰涓撶姣曚笟鐢熷氨涓?/span>鎶ュ埌璇?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">鈥?/span>锛?/span>

鍦ㄥ鏈熼棿鍙傚姞楂樹竴灞傛瀛﹀巻鑷鑰冭瘯锛屼絾姣曚笟鏃跺皻鏈兘閫氳繃涓撲笟鑰冭瘯璁″垝瑙勫畾鐨勫叏閮ㄨ绋嬭€冭瘯锛屽湪姣曚笟鍚庝笁骞村唴閫氳繃鍏ㄩ儴瑙勫畾璇剧▼鑰冭瘯骞跺彇寰楁瘯涓氭枃鍑€咃紝涓旀病鏈夎惤瀹炲氨涓氬崟浣嶇殑锛屼篃鍙寜鑷鑰冭瘯瀛﹀巻鍙戠粰鎶ュ埌璇併€?

鏅€氶珮绛夊鏍°€佷腑绛変笓涓氬鏍″叏鏃ュ埗鍦ㄧ睄瀛︾敓姣曚笟鏃舵垨鍦ㄦ瘯涓氬悗涓夊勾鍐呰幏寰楄嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯姣曚笟鏂囧嚟涓旀病鏈夎惤瀹炲氨涓氬崟浣嶇殑锛屾湰浜哄彲鍑嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯姣曚笟璇佷功鍜岀浉鍏虫潗鏂欏埌鐪佷汉浜嬪巺鐢宠鍔炵悊楂樹竴灞傛瀛﹀巻姣曚笟鐢熷氨涓氭姤鍒拌瘉锛屾姤鍒拌瘉涓婄殑姣曚笟瀛︽牎缁熶竴濉啓涓?鍏ㄦ棩鍒舵櫘閫氶珮鏍?/a>鑷鑰冭瘯瀛﹀巻姣曚笟鐢?銆傛寜鑷鑰冭瘯瀛﹀巻鐧昏绛惧彂鐨勫氨涓氭姤鍒拌瘉锛屼笌鏅€氶珮鏍℃瘯涓氱敓灏变笟鎶ュ埌璇佸叿鏈夊悓绛夋晥鍔涳紝涓庢櫘閫氶珮鏍℃瘯涓氱敓浜湁鍚岀瓑寰呴亣銆?

楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯鏈姣曚笟璇佷功鑾峰緱鑰咃紝鍦ㄨ亴浜哄憳鐢辨墍鍦ㄥ崟浣嶆垨鍏朵笂绾т富绠¢儴闂ㄦ湰鐫€鐢ㄥ叾鎵€瀛︺€佸彂鎸ユ墍闀跨殑鍘熷垯锛屾牴鎹伐浣滈渶瑕侊紝璋冩暣浠栦滑鐨勫伐浣滐紱闈炲湪鑱屼汉鍛橈紙鍖呮嫭鍐滄皯锛夌敱鐪併€佽嚜娌诲尯銆佺洿杈栧競鍔冲姩浜轰簨閮ㄩ棬鏍规嵁闇€瑕侊紝鍦ㄧ紪鍒跺拰澧炰汉鎸囨爣鑼冨洿鍐呮湁璁″垝鍦版嫨浼樺綍鐢ㄦ垨鑱樼敤銆?/span>

2.宸ヨ祫瀹氱骇

褰撳墠锛屼腑鍥藉浗瀹舵満鍏冲拰浜嬩笟鍗曚綅鍩烘湰閮芥槸鎸夌収瀛﹀巻瀹氬伐璧勶紝鏈宸ヨ祫姣斾笓绉戝伐璧勯珮涓€妗f锛岃緝瑙勮寖鐨勪紒涓氫篃鏄寜瀛﹀巻瀹氬伐璧勶紝濡傚湪鑻忓窞銆佷笂娴枫€佹繁鍦崇瓑鍦板璧勪紒涓氭垨鍥藉唴鐭ュ悕浼佷笟涓婄彮锛屼笂宀楀伐璧勬湰绉戝伐璧勬瘮涓撶宸ヨ祫楂?00鍏冧互涓婃槸姝e父鐨勶紝鑰屼笖鏈浠ヤ笂鐨勫閲戝拰鎻愬崌鏈轰細閮芥瘮涓撶鐩稿澶氫竴浜涳紝褰撶劧涔熸湁閮ㄥ垎浼佷笟閮ㄥ垎宀椾綅锛屽挨鍏舵槸涓€浜涙湭鎴愬瀷鐨勪紒涓氾紝骞朵笉浠ュ鍘嗗畾宀楋紝鍙€冭檻涓哄叾鍒涢€犱簡澶氬皯鏁堢泭銆?

楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯姣曚笟璇佷功鑾峰緱鑰呯殑宸ヨ祫寰呴亣锛?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">闈炲湪鑱屼汉鍛樺綍鐢ㄥ悗锛屼笌鏅€氶珮绛夊鏍″悓绫绘瘯涓氱敓鐩稿悓锛涘湪鑱屼汉鍛樼殑宸ヨ祫寰呴亣浣庝簬鏅€氶珮绛夊鏍″悓绫绘瘯涓氱敓鐨勶紝浠庤幏寰楁瘯涓氳瘉涔︿箣鏃ヨ捣锛屾寜鏅€氶珮绛夊鏍″悓绫绘瘯涓氱敓宸ヨ祫鏍囧噯鎵ц銆?/span>

3.浜轰簨鏀归潻

璁稿鍗曚綅鎻愭嫈骞查儴銆佺珵閫夐瀵煎熀鏈潯浠堕兘鏄湰绉戜互涓婂鍘嗭紝鍗充娇鑷繁瀹屽叏鍙互鑳滀换锛屽嵈娌℃湁绔為€夎祫鏍硷紝鏈洪亣鎽嗗湪闈㈠墠鍗存姄涓嶄綇锛屽湪鑱屼汉鍛樿嫢鍦ㄨ瀹氬勾闄愭嬁涓嶅埌鏈鍙婁互涓婏紝鍦ㄤ汉浜嬫敼闈╀腑浼氱洿鎺ュ鑷翠笅宀楋紝鍗充笓绉戜互涓嬪嵆浣挎壘鍒板伐浣滐紝鍦ㄤ互鍚庣殑宸ヤ綔涓彲鑳介潰涓翠笅宀楀け涓氱殑鍗遍櫓銆?

4.鑰冪爺

鏈瀛﹀巻鍙互鐩存帴鎶ヨ€冪爺绌剁敓锛岃€屼笓绉戠敓鍙兘鍦ㄤ笓绉戞瘯涓氭弧涓ゅ勾锛屾垨涓ゅ勾浠ヤ笂锛屼互鍚岀瓑瀛﹀姏鎶ヨ€冪爺绌剁敓锛屽敖绠″浗瀹惰瀹氬厑璁镐笓绉戞瘯涓氭弧涓ゅ勾鍚庝互鍚岀瓑瀛﹀姏鎶ヨ€冪爺绌剁敓锛屼絾璁稿澶у瀹為檯涓婂嵈涓嶆効鎷涙敹涓撶鐢燂紝浼氬湪璁稿鏂归潰璁鹃殰纰嶏紝瑕佹眰鍙戣〃璁烘枃锛屽姞璇曚笓涓氳锛岃嫳璇揪鍒颁粈涔堟按骞崇瓑銆傚彟澶栵紝鍦ㄨ亴鑾峰彇纭曞+瀛︿綅杩樿鏈夊澹浣嶏紝濡傛灉鏄笓绉戯紝浠婂悗鑻ユ兂鍦ㄨ亴鑾峰彇纭曞+瀛︿綅锛岀浉瀵规瘮杈冭壈宸ㄣ€?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">鑷€冨鐢熻€冪爺椤诲湪棰勫綍鍙栧綋骞?鏈?鍙峰墠鍙栧緱鍥藉鎵胯鐨勬湰绉戞瘯涓氳瘉涔?/span>锛屾棤璁烘槸鍚﹀凡鍙栧緱瀛︿綅閮借兘鎶ヨ€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=157528&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鍏ㄥ浗纭曞+鐮旂┒鐢熺粺涓€鎷涚敓鑰冭瘯銆?

5.鑰冭瘉

璁稿鍥藉鑱屼笟璧勬牸璇侀兘瑕佹眰鏈浠ヤ笂瀛﹀巻锛屽鍏瘉鍛樸€佸緥甯堛€佹硶瀹樺拰妫€瀵熷畼鐨勫徃娉曡€冭瘯鎶ュ悕鏉′欢瑕佹眰蹇呴』鏄湰绉戜互涓婂鍘嗭紝鍥藉鎵胯鍧囧彲锛屼笉鍒嗕笓涓氾紝濡傝澶氬緥甯堟湰绉戦兘涓嶆槸瀛︽硶寰嬬殑锛屽涓枃鐨勩€佺粡娴庣殑銆佸寲宸ョ殑锛屼粈涔堜笓涓氶兘鏈夈€傝€屽鏋滃彧鏄笓绉戯紝涓嶇鏄摢涓笓涓氾紝涔熶笉绠℃瘯涓氫簬鍝釜瀛︽牎锛屼篃涓嶇涓汉鏈変粈涔堣儗鏅叧绯伙紝灏变竴鐢熸案杩滃仛涓嶄簡鍏瘉鍛樸€佸緥甯堛€佹硶瀹樺拰妫€瀵熷畼浜嗐€?

6.鐣欏

璁稿鍥藉閮芥壙璁や腑鍥界殑鏈瀛﹀巻锛屽挨鍏舵槸鑷€冿紝鍦ㄥ嚑绉嶄笓鍗囨湰閫斿緞涓浉瀵归毦搴﹂珮锛屽湪鍥介檯涓婄殑璁ゅ彲搴﹂潪甯搁珮锛?span style="font-size:1em;">鍏ㄤ笘鐣屾湁40澶氫釜鍥藉鍜屽湴鍖烘壙璁や腑鍥界殑楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯鏂囧嚟锛岀編鍥姐€佹棩鏈€佹柊瑗垮叞銆佹柊鍔犲潯銆佹硶鍥姐€佸嵃搴︺€佹瘮鍒╂椂銆佷縿缃楁柉銆侀┈鏉ヨタ浜氥€佽彶寰嬪銆佽タ鐝墮銆佸痉鍥姐€佷箤鍏嬪叞銆佸崡闈炪€佽嵎鍏般€佹尝鍏般€佷腹楹︺€侀娓€佺埍灏斿叞鍜岀憺鍏搞€佺憺澹€侀煩鍥藉拰婢抽棬绛夊浗瀹跺拰鍦板尯鍙婂叾浠栧嚑涔庢墍鏈?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=74004&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鑻辫仈閭﹀浗瀹?/a>鐨勫ぇ瀛﹂兘鎵胯涓浗鐨勮嚜鑰冨鍘嗭紝瀵硅嚜鑰冨鍘嗕笌鏅€氶珮鏍$殑瀛﹀巻鍚岀瓑瀵瑰緟銆傛湁浜嗘湰绉戯紝灏卞彲浠ュ湪鍥藉鐩存帴鎶ヨ鏇撮珮涓€绾у鍘嗕簡锛屼笉闇€瑕佸湪鍥藉鍐嶆氮璐规椂闂达紝杩欐牱浼氱渷璁稿璐圭敤銆?

7.鑱岀О璇勫畾

濡備粖鍚勭被鑱岀О璇勫畾鍑犱箮閮戒笌瀛﹀巻鎸傞挬锛屽湪璇勫畾楂樼骇鑱岀О鏃朵笓绉戜互涓嬪熀鏈笂娌℃湁鏈轰細锛岃€岃澶氱殑鍗曚綅鐨勪富绠¢瀵煎嚑涔庨兘鏄敱楂樼骇鑱岀О鐨勪汉鎷呬换鐨勶紝娌℃湁楂樼骇鑱岀О浼氫抚澶辫澶氬綋涓荤棰嗗鐨勬満浼氾紝鑰屾病鏈夋湰绉戯紝鍙堜細涓уけ璇勯珮绾ц亴绉扮殑鏈轰細銆?

8.鍏朵粬

浠ヤ笂浠嬬粛浜嗕竴浜涘父瑙佺殑鏈鏈€鍩烘湰鐨勭敤閫旓紝涓嶇鏄摢绉嶆湰绉戯紝涔熶笉绠℃槸鍝涓撲笟锛屾病鏈夋洿楂樹竴浜涚殑瀛﹀巻锛屼汉鐢熶細澶卞幓璁稿鏈轰細锛屼簨瀹炰笂锛岀幇瀹炵ぞ浼氫腑寰堝鏂归潰楂樺鍘嗛兘鏄繀瑕佺殑銆傚嵆浣胯嚜宸辨瘯涓氳嚜涓诲垱涓氾紝璁稿浜烘專浜嗛挶鍚庯紝鍙堥兘鎯宠姳鏇村鐨勯挶鍘昏皨鍙栭珮瀛﹀巻锛屾潵姝﹁鍜屽寘瑁呰嚜宸便€?

11鎶ヨ€冭祫鏍?

缂栬緫

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鑷鑰冭瘯鑷鑰冭瘯

12姣曚笟鐢宠

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鍏€佹寜鐓ф暀鑲查儴鏈夊叧瑙勫畾锛岃嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯姣曚笟璇侀仐澶辨垨鎹熸瘉涓嶅啀琛ュ姙銆傝嫢鑰冪敓闇€瑕侊紝鍙敵璇峰紑鍏枫€?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=53512034&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">姣曚笟璇佹槑涔?/a>銆嬶紙姝よ瘉鏄庡彧寮€鍏蜂竴娆★紝璇疯€冪敓濡ュ杽淇濈锛夈€傜敵璇峰姙鐞嗐€婃瘯涓氳瘉鏄庝功銆嬬殑娴佺▼鍙婅姹備负锛氣憼鑰冪敓椤诲湪鐪佺骇鏃ユ姤鎴栫渷绾ф暀鑲叉姤鍒婄櫥姣曚笟璇侀仐澶卞0鏄庯紱鈶¤€冪敓鎸佸垔鐧绘瘯涓氳瘉閬楀け澹版槑鐨勬姤绾搞€佹湰浜鸿韩浠借瘉銆佹瘯涓氱敓瀹℃壒鐧昏琛ㄥ鍗颁欢浠ュ強涓汉鐢宠鍒板師鍙戣瘉鍦般€佸窞銆佸競鑷€冨姙鏌ラ槄姣曚笟鐢熻姳鍚嶅唽锛岀敱褰撳湴鑷€冨姙鏍稿疄鍚庡紑鍏锋瘯涓氳瘉鏄庯紱鈶㈣€冪敓鏈汉鎸佸湴宸炶嚜鑰冨姙寮€鍏风殑璇佹槑鍙婁笂杩版潗鏂欏埌鑷不鍖鸿嚜鑰冨姙鍔炵悊銆婃瘯涓氳瘉鏄庝功銆嬨€?

涔濄€侀珮绛夋暀鑲茶嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯姣曚笟璇佹煡璇㈠拰瀛﹀巻璁よ瘉锛屾湁涓ょ鎯呭喌锛?鈶?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">2001骞?2鏈堬紙鍚級鍚庢瘯涓氱殑姣曚笟鐢熷彲閫氳繃 "涓浗楂樼瓑鏁欒偛瀛︾敓淇℃伅缃?(瀛︿俊缃? " 鍦ㄧ嚎鏌ヨ璁よ瘉銆?鈶?2001骞?鏈堬紙鍚級鍓嶆瘯涓氱殑姣曚笟鐢熺敱闇€瑕佸鑰冪敓鐨勮嚜鑰冩瘯涓氳瘉涔﹁繘琛岃璇佺殑鐢ㄤ汉鍗曚綅鎴栨嫑鐢熼櫌鏍″悜涓浗楂樼瓑鏁欒偛瀛︾敓淇℃伅缃戞垨鍙戞斁姣曚笟璇佷功鐨勭渷鑷€冨姙鍑哄叿銆婂鍘嗚璇佸鎵樺嚱銆嬩互鍙婅€冪敓鐨勬瘯涓氳瘉涔︺€佽韩浠借瘉鍘熶欢鍙婂叾澶嶅嵃浠讹紝鍔炵悊鐩稿叧鏌ヨ璁よ瘉鎵嬬画銆?

13瀹屽杽鍙戝睍

缂栬緫

鍏充簬楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鐨勬敼闈╀笌鍙戝睍锛屻€婁腑鍏变腑澶€佸浗鍔¢櫌鍏充簬娣卞寲鏁欒偛鏀归潻锛屽叏闈㈡帹杩涚礌璐ㄦ暀鑲茬殑鍐冲畾銆嬫槑纭彁鍑猴紝瑕佹墿澶ч珮绛夋暀鑲茬殑瑙勬ā锛屾嫇瀹戒汉鎵嶆垚闀跨殑閬撹矾锛屽噺缂撳崌瀛﹀帇鍔涖€傞€氳繃澶氱褰㈠紡绉瀬鍙戝睍楂樼瓑鏁欒偛銆傝澶у姏鍙戝睍鐜颁唬杩滅▼鏁欒偛銆?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=355487&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鑱屼笟璧勬牸璇佷功鏁欒偛鍜屽叾浠栫户缁暀鑲层€?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">瀹屽杽鑷鑰冭瘯鍒跺害锛屽舰鎴愮ぞ浼氬寲銆佸紑鏀惧紡鐨勬暀鑲茬綉缁滐紝涓洪€傚簲澶氬眰娆°€佸褰㈠紡鐨勬暀鑲查渶姹傚紑杈熸洿涓哄箍闃旂殑閫斿緞锛岄€愭笎瀹屽杽缁堣韩瀛︿範浣撶郴銆?/span>闅忕潃鏁欒偛棰嗗煙鏀归潻鐨勯€愭娣卞叆鍜岀幇浠h繙绋嬫暀鑲插伐绋嬬殑閫愭瀹炴柦锛岄珮绛夋暀鑲茶妯′笉鏂墿澶э紝缁忔祹鍜岀ぞ浼氬彂灞曡姹傜Н鏋佸彂灞曞绉嶅舰寮忕殑楂樼瓑鏁欒偛锛岄珮绛夋暀鑲茬殑鍔炲灞傛鍜屽舰寮忔洿澶氭牱鍖栵紱楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鏇村姞寮€鏀撅紝瀛︿範鏂瑰紡鏇村姞鐏垫椿锛涚户缁暀鑲插拰缁堣韩鏁欒偛寰楀埌鏋佸ぇ鐨勫彂灞曘€?/span>楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鏀归潻鍜屽彂灞曠殑杩欎簺鏂板舰鍔匡紝浣块珮绛夋暀鑲茶嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯宸ヤ綔闈复鐫€鑹ソ鐨勫彂灞曟満閬囥€?

褰撲粖涓栫晫绉戝鎶€鏈獊椋炵寷杩涳紝鐭ヨ瘑鏇存柊瓒婃潵瓒婂揩锛屼汉浠负浜嗛€傚簲宸ヤ綔闇€瑕侊紝蹇呴』涓嶆柇瀛︿範鏂扮殑鐭ヨ瘑锛涘競鍦虹粡娴庣殑閫愭寤虹珛锛屼娇浜轰滑鐨勮亴涓氬矖浣嶅彉鍔ㄥ鍔狅紝杞矖灏变笟鍩硅闇€姹傚寮猴紱涓浗浜т笟缁撴瀯鐨勮皟鏁达紝甯︽潵鐨勭户缁暀鑲查渶姹備篃灏嗗鍔狅紱闅忕潃鐢熸椿姘村钩鐨勬敼鍠勶紝涓轰簡鎻愰珮鐢熸椿璐ㄩ噺锛屼汉浠涔犵瀛︽枃鍖栫煡璇嗙殑鎰挎湜瓒婃潵瓒婇珮銆傝繖涓€鍒囦娇缁堣韩瀛︿範鎴愪负褰撲粖绀句細鍙戝睍鐨勫繀鐒惰秼鍔裤€傞殢鐫€浠ヨ绠楁満涓轰唬琛ㄧ殑淇℃伅鎶€鏈殑杩呯寷鍙戝睍锛屽皢缁欎汉浠殑鐢熸椿銆佸涔犳柟寮忓甫鏉ユ瀬澶х殑鍙樺寲銆傞殢鐫€浜轰滑宸ヤ綔鏂瑰紡鐨勭伒娲伙紝涓氫綑鏃堕棿鐨勫鍔狅紝鏁欒偛鐨勫姛鑳介殢鐫€鐗╄川鐢熸椿姘村钩鐨勬彁楂橈紝瀛︿範灏嗘垚涓轰竴绉嶄箰瓒c€?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">鑷鑰冭瘯鍒跺害鐨勯珮搴﹀紑鏀俱€佺伒娲诲拰宸ュ鐭涚浘灏戠殑鐗圭偣锛屽彲浠ユ洿鏈夋晥鍦版弧瓒崇ぞ浼氬悇鏂归潰鏃ョ泭澧為暱鐨勬帴鍙楃户缁暀鑲茬殑闇€姹傘€?/span>鎶ュ悕鑰冪敓涓紝鍚勭被鍦ㄨ亴浜哄憳鍗犲叏浣撹€冪敓鐨?0%浠ヤ笂銆傚叿鏈変笓绉戜互涓婂鍘嗙殑鑰冪敓鍗犲叏浣撹€冪敓鐨?7%锛屽寳浜瓑澶у煄甯傝繖涓瘮渚嬫洿楂樸€傝繖娓呮琛ㄦ槑鑷鑰冭瘯宸叉垚涓轰腑鍥界户缁暀鑲茬殑涓€鏉¢噸瑕侀€斿緞銆?

褰撳墠涓浗鍐滀笟鍜屽啘鏉戠粡娴庢杩涘叆缁撴瀯璋冩暣鐨勬垬鐣ュ彂灞曢樁娈点€傚啘鏉戠粡娴庝骇涓氬寲鍜屽皬鍩庨晣鐨勫彂灞曪紝鍥藉瑗块儴寮€鍙戞垬鐣ョ殑瀹炴柦锛岄渶瑕佸ぇ鎵圭殑涓撻棬浜烘墠銆傝嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯鍦ㄤ负骞垮ぇ鍐滄潙鍩哄眰鍜岃传鍥拌惤鍚庡湴鍖哄煿鍏烩€滅暀寰椾綇銆佺敤寰椾笂鈥濈殑涓撻棬浜烘墠鏂归潰锛屽彲浠ュ彂鎸ラ潪甯搁噸瑕佷綔鐢ㄣ€?

鑷€冪殑浣滅敤涓嶄粎鏄负鍥藉鍩瑰吇浜嗗ぇ鎵逛笓闂ㄤ汉鎵嶏紝姣忓勾涓ゆ鑰冭瘯鏈変笂鍗冧竾浜哄弬鍔狅紝杩欏浜庝績杩涚ぞ浼氬ソ瀛﹀悜涓婇姘旂殑褰㈡垚鍜岀ぞ浼氫富涔夌簿绁炴枃鏄庡缓璁炬湁鐫€鏇村姞娣辫繙鐨勬剰涔夈€?/span>鍚屾椂锛屼篃鏈夊埄浜庣紦瑙e綋鍓嶅叏绀句細鐨勫崌瀛﹀帇鍔涳紝瀵瑰叏闈㈡帹杩涚礌璐ㄦ暀鑲插拰寮曞浜轰滑鏍戠珛姝g‘鐨勬垚鎵嶈鍒涢€犺壇濂界殑绀句細鐜浼氳捣鍒版繁杩滅殑褰卞搷銆?

閫氳繃鑷鑰冭瘯鍙栧緱姣曚笟璇佷功鐨勪汉浠紝涓€鑸叿鏈夎緝寮虹殑鑷鑳藉姏鍜岃緝楂樼殑瀛︿範鑷鎬с€?/span>浠庢暀鑲茶蹇点€佷汉鎵嶈鐨勮搴︾湅锛屾垚鎵嶇殑璺緢澶氥€傛垚鎵嶇涓嶅紑瀛︿範锛屼笉涓€瀹氶兘杩涙櫘閫氶珮绛夊鏍?/span>锛岃涓轰笁鐧惧叚鍗佽锛岃琛屽嚭鐘跺厓鎻愪緵娓犻亾銆佽垶鍙般€?

14宸ヤ綔浠诲姟

缂栬緫

涔熷簲璇ョ湅鍒帮紝鐢变簬鑷鑰冭瘯鍒跺害寤虹珛鐨勬椂闂翠笉闀匡紝鍒跺害灏氬緟瀹屽杽锛岃嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯鐨勭壒鐐瑰拰浼樺娍杩樿杩涗竴姝ュ厖鍒嗙殑鍙戞尌銆?span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:700;">瑕佹敞鎰忕爺绌惰嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯鐨勬暀鑲茶寰嬶紝鐮旂┒鑷鑰冭瘯涓庡叾浠栨暀鑲插舰寮忕殑鍗忚皟鍙戝睍锛屽苟鍔姏褰㈡垚鑷繁鐨勭壒鑹诧紝鎵暱閬跨煭锛涜鐫€鐪间簬浜烘墠绱犺川鐨勫叏闈㈡彁楂橈紝杞彉鏁欒偛瑙傚康銆佹暀鑲叉€濇兂锛屾帰绱㈣€冭瘯鏂规硶涓庢墜娈电殑鍒涙柊锛岄噸瑙嗗鑰冪敓涓汉瀛︿範鑳藉姏鍜屽垱鏂扮簿绁炵殑鍩瑰吇锛屼负澶氱褰㈠紡鍙戝睍涓浗鐨勯珮绛夋暀鑲蹭簨涓氬仛鍑鸿嚜宸辩殑璐$尞銆?

楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鑷鑰冭瘯鐨勫伐浣滀换鍔℃槸锛氬厖鍒嗗彂鎸ヨ嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯鐨勭壒鐐癸紝娣卞寲鏀归潻锛屽畬鍠勮嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯鍒跺害锛屾彁楂樻暀鑲茶川閲忥紝绉瀬鎺㈢储骞舵墿澶ц嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯鐨勬湇鍔¢鍩燂紝涓洪€傚簲澶氬眰娆°€佸褰㈠紡鐨勬暀鑲查渶姹傚紑杈熸洿涓哄箍闃旂殑閫斿緞銆?

1銆佹帹杩涘啘鏉戣嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯宸ヤ綔锛屼负鍐滀笟鍜屽啘鏉戠粡娴庡彂灞曞煿鍏绘洿澶氱殑瀹炵敤浜烘墠銆傝嚜瀛﹁€冭瘯鏄负鍐滄潙鍩瑰吇褰撳湴瀹炵敤涓撻棬浜烘墠鐨勬湁鏁堥€斿緞銆備笓涓氬強璇剧▼璁剧疆鍙互鎵撶牬浠ュ绉戜綋绯昏缃殑浼犵粺妯″紡锛岄拡瀵瑰啘鏉戠粡娴庡拰绀句細鍙戝睍鐨勫疄闄呴渶瑕佹潵鑰冭檻銆?

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3銆佽皟鍔ㄥ悇鏂归潰鐨勭Н鏋佹€у拰鏁欒偛璧勬簮锛屽姞寮哄0鍍?a class="ed_inner_link" target="_blank" href="https://baike.sogou.com/lemma/ShowInnerLink.htm?lemmaId=167235175&ss_c=ssc.citiao.link">鑷杈呭鏁欏濯掍綋寤鸿锛岀Н鏋佸紑鍙戝拰鍒╃敤璁$畻鏈虹綉缁滄暀鑲层€佸箍鎾數瑙嗗崼鏄熸暀鑲茬瓑鐜颁唬杩滅▼鏁欒偛鎵嬫涓鸿€冪敓鎻愪緵澶氭牱鍖栫殑鍔╁褰㈠紡浠ユ弧瓒宠€冪敓鐨勪笉鍚岄€夋嫨銆?

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